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Week One Notes

by: Chloe Smithson

Week One Notes Music 267

Chloe Smithson
GPA 3.84
Survey of Music History I
Professor Lori Kruckenberg

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About this Document

These are the notes from the first week of Survey of Music history regarding Gregorian Chant and the Carolingian Dynasty.
Survey of Music History I
Professor Lori Kruckenberg
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chloe Smithson on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Music 267 at University of Oregon taught by Professor Lori Kruckenberg in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Survey of Music History I in Music at University of Oregon.

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Date Created: 10/08/15
September 29th 2015 Music for Political Gain The Carolingian dynasty used music to rally the vast amount of citizens around a common cause as well as to lend prestige to political ambitions In this dynasty we see music become a monument of political power as the Carolingians used it as a marker of civilization Condensed Timeline 395 CE Separation of East and West Roman Empires 476 CE End of Roman Empire Mid 400s to 752 CE Merovingian Dynasty 750s to 911 CE Carolingian Dynasty same time Gregorian chant is developed 25 December 800 CE Charlemagne Carolingian leader of the Franks is crowned by the Pope Carolingian Dvnastv Named for Charlemagne Originally advisors and lesser leaders for the Merovingian dynasty Pepin the Elder and Charles Martel are notable Carolingian examples mportant kings Charlemagne Pepin the Short Louis Pious Empire consisted of parts of modern day France Germany Luxembourg Austria and Italy This dynasty understood that partnerships were necessary for success hence their alignment with the Church of Rome That partnership was necessary for Rome to gain support in war and for the Carolingians to gain prestige while accessing culture and literacy for their empire Goals of the Carolingians Language and Literacy 0 Make Latin the official language 0 Clean up and codify grammar etc Legal systems 0 Enforce a law of the realm Q Clarify laws Educa on 0 Create a culture of learning and literacy 0 Thought education would give an edge to their empire Religion Unify the Liturgy and Music of the Church of Rome 0 0 Create a more specific way of celebrating Music as a Monument Gregorian Chant Q Named for Pope Gregory the Great who according to likely myth fabricated in the 9th century created the repertory of chant as he was inspired to do by the Holy Spirit 0 Used to build the Carolingian empire and show unity within empire 0 Musical repertory of 10003 of liturgical texts set to monophonic chants O Carolingians wanted to codify and standardize this in the framework of liturgy texts and melodies Q There was an attempt to train singers aurally and send them across the realm to teach them Q The issues those singers had keeping track of all of the melodies lead to the creation of notation systems as well as an endeavor into music theory Framework of thurClV Divine office and Mass Genres Antiphons responsories hymns etc Texts and melodies w 0 Neumes are signs or symbols written above the text of chants 0 These neumes are diastematic because they show contour but not intervals 0 This written notation presumes an oral one as well because one would not be able to read the neumes correctly if he or she did not already know the song Syllabic1 note per syllable Neumatic 23 notes per syllable Melismatic 4 or more notes per syllable Responsory 0 ABA format with A being the respond and B being the versus 0 This was a virtuosic piece


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