Sept 28th-30th Lecture Notes
Sept 28th-30th Lecture Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janessa Riehle on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
September 28th 30th Social Death Amelioration Lecture Notes Part One Social Death Slave Society Horace Orlando Patterson Slavery and Social Death 1982 developed the concept of social death De ned as near complete erasure of cultural characteristics of enslaved Africans trying to create the 39perfect slave o Pursued by slave holders to maximize their dominance and pro ts 0 Reduction of enslaved property slave laws nonhumans etc Focus of slaveholders in persuit of the social death of the engaved 0 Power and authority over enslaved o Natal Alienation Cutting them off from everything 5 Periods of Shock 0 Shock of being taken from their home 0 Being rst treated as property from Europeans The tortuous journey walking boats etc 0 Being sold the humiliationembarrassment Plantation lifebeing assimulated into white culture 0 Emphasis placed on slave holders honor paternalism in relation to the degradation of the slaves Complete power and control You ve been a good slave so I m going to let you learn how to read rewards Social death required institutional practices 0 Justifying enslavement of 39free persons through racism and cultural imperialism spread of Christianity 0 Enslavement by birth mindset you re a slave and you always will be 0 39Social engineering of slaves by methods of acquisition conquest suppression capture and conditioning o Problematizing 39manumission through the idea that 39slave freedom could only be granted slaves had no agency The only way you could become free was if the white man said you could be Patternson o Most extreme forms of relation of domination total power from the viewpoint of the master and powerlessness of the slaves o If we are to understand how slavery is different we must rst clarify the concept of power o In the concept of social death 0 Slavery was created and maintained by direct use of violence North Carolina judge Thomas Ruf n quotThe power of the master must be absolute to render the submission of the slave perfect 1829 Social death was the objective of social justice 0 Social death required slaves to be seasoned Seasoning began at preparing slaves for sale 0 Washed shaved palm oils their bodies were commercial objects 0 Auction block objecti cation of the slaves 0 Breaking process branding conditioning severing cultural bonds forced adoption of new customs of work living conditions conduct 0 Most slaves by 1640 were seen as chattel property to be bought sold and treated as slaveholders wished Pa rt Two Amelioration Slavery relied on an honor system paternalism premised on white male dominance o Slaveholders sought to rede ne slavery as reciprocal obligations to validate hegemonic control 0 Slavery established and maintained the power of white men Supervision of slaves tied to numbers owned to facilitate control 0 Owners with less than 5 slaves were small planters who supervised 0 Larger planters hired overseers to manage slaves and concentrated on marketing nance and purchases to maximize pro ts 0 Amelioration was an attempt to improve the conditions of slavery after the European s knowledge of the mistreatment which lead to the abolition movement in the 17805 0 Abolitionists received support from slaveholders who felt threatened by the abolitionists and slaves o Abolitionists were trying to raise political interest if this continues the slaves will rebel and take control Humanitarian empathy created heated discussions about slaves o Quakers or Society of Friends 0 Granville Sharp William Wilberfone abolitionists o Protestant missionaries Baptists Methodists Slave resistance was a stimulant of amelioration 000000 0 Tacky s War Jamaica 1760 St Domingue Rebellion 1791 revolution 17911804 Fedon Rebellion Grenada 1795 Gabriel Prosser s Rebellion Virginia 1800 Nat Turner s Rebellion Virginia 1831 Sam Sharpe s Rebellion Jamaica 183132 which lead to England s abolishment of slavery Constant expensive disruptions of slaveholding Quakers O O O Deeply religious and modest Migrated to Pennsylvania and Barbados to avoid prosecution led them into con icts with slaveholders Founder George Fox encouraged members to invite slaves to their services Larry Gragg quot The Quaker Community on Barbados Owners of 3254 slaves in the Barbados 1676 announced amelioration by denouncing slaveholder practices Passed proposal 1721 Quakers still participating in slavery in 1761 they were expelled by the religion Quaker monuments in Barbados Abolitionists Granville Sharp William Wilberfone pushed for acknowledgment of the shortcomings of slavery O O O O O Morally Economically Adam Smith 1776 free trade slave trade Forced labor lt slave labor Motivated by encounters with slaves Sharp met Jonathan Strong English Equiano was a strong in uence Legal Movements o The rst amelioration acts passed in Jamaica in 1797 and O Leeward Islands in 1798 Slaveholders were desperate to stall amelioration Slave treatment with provisions health care education etc Encouraged baptisms Not successful in abolitionism slave trade being abolished in England in 1807 and in 1808 in the US Proposals of 1823 Amelioration Slave evidence in court against whites taking masters to court Sanction slave marriages Abolish taxes on manumissions Prevent separation of families Better regulated punishments Establish savings accounts African Colonization Society 1816 o Slaves responded by demanding freedom British Guiana s governor reported in 1823 0 They should be free white and black men have the same blood body etc Tired of being slaves
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