Popular in Clinical Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kendall Krapfl on Friday October 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2301 at University of Iowa taught by Casillas in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Clinical Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Iowa.
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Date Created: 10/09/15
82715 Thursday August 27 2015 621 PM 0 First reaction papers are based on articles on syllabus Second reaction papers are any article that is relatively recent and from a clinical psychollt good papers integrate information taught in class APA style double spaced times new roman cover sheet references Clinical Psychology Focuses on intellectual emotional biological psychological social and be across the life span in varying cultures and at all socioeconomic levels 0 Mental Health Professions 0 Clinical amp Counseling Psychologists 39 Health 39 Neuropsychology 39 Forensic 39 ChildPediatric 39 Community 0 Psychiatrists 0 Social Workers 0 Psychiatric Nurses Clinical PsvchoIOgists focus on psychopathology PhD or PsyD 1 year clinical internship Health Psychological factors in physical diseases Neuronsvchooav Patients with brain iniurv rehabilitation strategies Alzheimer39s Huntington39s ng journal havioral aspects of human functioning 5 disease Parkinson39s disease etc Forensic Psychological evidence for judicial purposes deciding whether client has mental capa ChidPediatric Children in clinical or medical settings treatment and prevention of psychopath Community Understanding quality of life of individuals communities and society public healt treatment natural disasters shootings etc Counseling PsvchoIOgists focus on coping with stressors PhD 1 year clinical internship Social Workers Masters in Social Work Emphasize group and social processes public policy social organization and assistance Can perform therapy Psychiatrists Medical school Psychiatric residency Use of psychotherapy as well as medication Psychiatric Nurses RN plus masters in psychiatric nursing Special emphasis is given to psychopharmacology Study for compare and contrast on test 0 The 4 D39s of Mental Disorder 0 Statistical Deviance 39 Consider unusualrare disorders 39 However many conditions related to mental disorders are not unusual subs1 39 Some rare conditions are not a mental disorder very high intelligence 0 Biological Disadvantage 39 Mental disorders are those that interfere seriously with individual reproducti city judgment etc Iology h approach to prevention and a nce abuse ve capacities depressiona nxiety 39 Some disorders meet this schizophrenia MR others do not 0 Unexpected Distress or Disability 39 Behavior causes distress or disability that is not expected 39 However some conditions causing distress or disability are not disorders po 0 Harmful Dysfunction 39 quotHarmfulquot based on social norms depending on culture examplehallucinati 39 Dysfunctional the failure of our quotmental mechanismquot to perform its intendec 0 Mental Disorder Definition 0 Asyndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual39s cog that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological biological or developmental proces Mental disorders are usually associated with significant distress or disability in sociz activities 0 An expectable or culturally approved response to a common stressor or loss such mental disorder Socially deviant behavior eg political religious or sexual and 0 individual and society are not mental disorders unless the deviance or conflict resu as described above 0 Brief History of Abnormal Behavior 0 Ancient Greeks Naturalistic Views 39 Hippocrates proposed imbalances in four essential bodily fluids III Blood III Phlegm III Yellow bile III Black bile 39 Emphasized role of stress diet heredity and head injury 0 Middle Ages Religious Views 39 Used supernatural explanations 39 Exorcisms food deprivation and torture considered main forms of quottreatmer 39 Witch hunts often targeted the mentally ill 0 Renaissance Establishment of asylums 39 Reaction against persecution 39 Paracelsus stars and planets cause abnormal behavior 39 Asylums established conditions deplorable 39 Reform movement promoted humane treatment 0 Post Renaissance Systematic observation 39 Scientific study of the mentally ill began at asylums h u 39 I l I l II 39II verty discrimination ons l function student parent employee nition emotion regulation or behavior ses underlying mental functioning al occupational or other important as the death of a loved one is not a onflicts that are primarily between the lts from a dysfunction in the individual 1tquot I SyStematIc ooservatlon or large numbers or mentally 39 Classification systems and theories of abnormal behavior developed 0 Models of Abnormal Behavior 0 Psychodynamic 39 Freud human behavior is strongly influenced by unconscious psychological p 39 Personality composed of3 parts III dprimitive drives libido thanatos III Egotempers id39s drives III Superego source of conscience Stages of Psychosexual Development o Behaviorist 39 Founded by John Watson to predict and control behavior 39 Concentrated purely on observable behavior 39 Learning through conditioning and modeling 39 Classical Conditioning III Developed by Ivan Pavlov III Occurs when an unconditioned stimulus and a conditioned stimulus arl conditioned response which is similar to the unconditioned response 39 Operant Conditioning III Thorndike39s Law of Effect Behaviors associated with satisfying consequences are strengtheI whereas those linked to unsatisfying consequences are weakenet III BF Skinner established the principles of operant conditioning ampcoinec Discriminative Stimulus The information our environment provi responses will be rewarded ignored or punished Operant Response The voluntary responses which produce reini Reinforcing Stimulus The rewarding or punishing consequences III Modeling Albert Bandura developed social learning theory from classical aI Focuses on observational learning a mode of learning in which c behaviors without actually engaging in the behavior at that time n Humanicfir erCESSES e repeatedly paired to produce a ned and more likely to be repeated d and less likely to be repeated 1 the following terms des us about the likihood that our lorcement or punishment of the opera nt response nd operant conditioning the watches others engaging in various V I IVIIIIUIIIIUUIV 39 Developed as a reaction against the psychodyna mic and behavioral models 39 Focuses mostly on healthy individuals others were negative only focused or 39 Emphasizes the uniqueness and worth of each individual 39 Carl Rogers III Proposed the personcentered theory of personality based on One39s perceptions of the world 0 Biology Learning 39 Abraham Maslow III Described the process of selfactualization Each person achieves hisher unrealized potential despite the ine 0 Cognitive 39 Albert Bandura III Ushered the cognitive revolution Selfef cacy People39s beliefs about their ability to exercise contr Attribution Ajudgment about a person behavior object or situ Schema A body of knowledge that an individual has stored in mi 39 Take into account thoughts and feelings 39 Consider the individual a more active participant in the environment 39 Have become very popular in the past few decades 0 Biological i unhealthy individuals avitable frustration of life 39ol over events that affect our lives Iation emory
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