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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kendall Krapfl on Friday October 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2301 at University of Iowa taught by Casillas in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Clinical Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Iowa.
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Date Created: 10/09/15
9315 Thursday September 3 2015 632 PM 0 Biological Model 0 Historically linked to medicine 0 Rests on the assumption that both normal and abnormal behaviors are the result of complex interactions between various bodily systems 0 Of particular interest is the function of the nervous system 0 The nervous system is composed of neurons Neurons o Specialized cells that receive information from sensory receptors and then transmit messages to other neurons muscles and glands Most commonly studied neurotransmitters o Dopamine Alzheimer39s Parkinson39s o Serotonin o Norepinephrine Genes 0 Basic units of heredity Arranged in a specific order along with chromosomes IdenticalMonozygotic twins share 100 of genes FraternalDizygotic twins share 50 of genes Any pair of sibling share 50 of genes OOOO Biopyschosocial Model 0 AKA diathesis stress model 0 Examines interactive effects of biological and environmental factors Define models Comparecontra st models Poacnnc 39Fnr haulna a Pliao39nnclir cudom ICCIJUI IQ IUI I ICI VII I6 CI UICIEI IVle JYJLCI I I 0 To plan treatments 0 To conduct research 0 As a means of communication How one diagnoses 0 Signs observations the clinician makes 0 Symptoms conditions the client reports 0 Using clinical interviewing and other assessment tools and techniques Brief History of Diagnostic Systems 0 1930s Superintendents of state hospitals establish a common system 0 WWII High number of military personnel dismissed bc of mental disorders 0 1946 First draft of DSM o 1952 DMSI published 39 About 100 diagnoses listed 39 Vague descriptions 39 Diagnoses based on psychoanalytic concepts 39 Notorious for unreliability o 1968 DMS published 0 1970s Better research methods on diagnoses o 1987 Minor revisions made DSMIIIR published 0 1994 DSMIV published 39 Better reliability 39 More sensitive to sociocultural issues 0 2000 DMS IVTR published TRtext revision 0 The Multiaxial System of the DSM 0 Axis I Clinical disorders MDD 0 Axis II Personality disorders amp mental retardation Mild mental retardation 0 Axis III General medical conditions Seizures 0 Axis IV Psychosocial and environmental problems Family discord educational or occupational problems legal problems etc 0 Axis V Global Assessment of Function 39 Not as useful as led to be DSM5 0 Published in 2013 0 Fewer diagnoses 39 Increases use of subtypesspecifiers o Multiaxial system dropped 0 ICD International Classifications of Disorders WHODAS o Assesses difficulty in functioning 0 Ratings none 0 to extremely 5 Advantages of Diagnosing 0 Communication 0 Identification of etiology 0 Brief summary of problems Fnl IY39CD an l nl I39I39I AMD U MUDquot QC CII IU UULDUI I IC 0 Prescribes treatment Disadvantages of Diagnosing o Stigmatizing o Invalid or inappropriate 0 May discourage further assessment 0 Focus on pathology Mood Disorders A conscious state of mind or predomina nt emotion 0 May include cognitive and behavioral manifestations o Characterized by mood disturbances o Tend to occur in episodes 0 Symptoms change from previous functioning typically depression or mania Distinction between mood disorders Unipolar One end of affective spectrum major depression Bipolar Both ends of affective spectrum manic mixed or hypomanic depression Dysthymia Relatively chronic depressed mood that is less severe but longer lasting than major depression longer lastingless chronic Cyclothymia Extended period in which the person experiences hypomanic and depressive symptoms
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