Personality disorders cont & Substance abuse
Personality disorders cont & Substance abuse Psy 247
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Savannah Wagner Belk
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Wagner Belk on Friday October 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 247 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Clemens in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 10/09/15
Personality Disorders Cont Antisocial personality disorder pervasive disregard for the rights of others and have extremely irresponsible behavior more common in men onset before age 18 but rst can be diagnosed with oppositional de ant disorder by age 6 which leads to conduct disorder and can be treated if not treated it is likely to turn into APD there is no treatment for this disorder people with this order have lower arousal since they are so careless heritability by 4050 Narcissistic personality disorder pervasive pattern of preoccupation of self and grandiose view of self often posses fantasies of success self centered demands constant attention lack of empathy feelings of arrogance envy entitlement sensitive to criticism seeks out high status partners Avoidant personality disorder Depe fears criticism rejection and disapproval avoids interpersonal reactions because of feeling inadequate avoids taking risks or trying new activities high correlation with social anxiety and major depression disorder ndent personality disorder excessive need to be taken care of difficulty making decisions without advice and reassurance from others difficulty disagreeing with others because of fear of losing their support lack of self con dence and insecurer attached to relationships since it is so hard for them to leave someone they can easily become stuck in an abusive relationship OCPD Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorderpreoccupied with rules details schedules and organization Different from 0CD Overly focused on work and doesn t make time for leisure as much Rigid and in exible Difference between OCPD and 0CD is there are no compulsions associated with OCPD Treatment exposure plus response prevention Substance abuse disorders DSM5 de nes it as a problematic pattern that impairs functioning must have 2 or more symptoms in a year People become addicted because it gives them pleasure SolomonOpponent process theory EX A state and B state meaning that people s quotA statequot state of mind when under the in uence will rise as the quotB statequot lowers state of mind the next day or after come down the user will self medicate themselves to avoid the B state and as tolerance increases the A state capability will lower and the B state will increase withdrawal Addiction factors genetics amount of use the way it is used inhaled injection gender men are more likely to become addicted but women become addicted faster Rating of severity and other facts 1 Mild 23 symptoms 2 3 Severe 6 or more Moderate 45 symptoms The number 1 abused drug is nicotine and number 2 is alcohol Alcoholism results in physiological dependency Delicium trementsoccurs when blood alcohol levels drop suddenly and causes shaking Highest dependence prevalent in Native Americans and Hispanics and least common in Asians and African Americans When a blackout occurs the frontal lobe shuts down prohibiting effective decision making Lifetime prevalence of alcoholism 85 in 2012 Binge drinking 5 drinks within an hour 395 among college students Heavy use 5 drinks ve or more times in 30 days Declines after college