Week 7 of Philosophy Notes
Week 7 of Philosophy Notes PHIL 1000 - 01
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PHIL 1000 - 01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Friday October 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1000 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Matthew McGrath in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see General Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 10/09/15
Philosophy 1000 More Traditional Arguments for God s Existence Ontological Argument 0 Ontological concerning existence 0 By definition if God exists God is a perfect being a being quotgreater than which nothing can be conceived o Argument 1 We have an idea of God as the greatest conceivable being 2 So God exists at least as an idea in the mind 3 If a being exists only in the mind and not also in reality then there s a greater conceivable being than God 4 There is no greater conceivable being than God 5 Therefore God exists in reality and mind 0 Problems 0 This argument proves too many different things I Perfect Island example imagine a perfect island Since it exists only in mind and not also in reality then there s a better island than that one There is no better island than the perfect island therefore the perfect island exists in reality and mind 0 Just because we have an idea of God doesn t mean that he exists in the mind I Negates 1 transition to 2 Cosmological Argument 0 Any chain of causation must be either 0 Infinite without repetition 0 Infinite with repetition 0 Finite so there s a first cause 0 The argument claims the first two reasons are unacceptable so there must be a first cause That first cause is God 0 Problems 0 First cause doesn t necessarily have to be God so this argument doesn t prove His existence I Big Bang Design Argument 0 Argument 1 Many things in nature are very welladapted to certain purposes 2 The best explanation of their being adapted is that they were designed by God for those purposes 3 Therefore it s very likely that God exists Paley s Watch Example Imagine walking down a beach and seeing a perfect watch The watch had to have been put there by design and couldn t have randomly gotten there Problems 0 Evolution explains relevant features as adaptations Natural Selection rather than divine intervention FineTuning Argument 1 The natural constants are perfectly tuned for life 2 Had they been different life would have been impossible 3 The best explanation of this tuning is that God tuned them 4 So it s very likely God exists 0 The Problem of Evil Argument Quick Version 1 The existence of God is incompatible with the existence of unnecessary evil 2 There exists unnecessary evil 3 So God doesn t exist 0 Why accept number 1 0 An all knowing all powerful being wouldn t have to allow unnecessary suffering unless losing some greater good or permitting a badworse evil 0 Fawn example I A fawn gets caught in a forest fire and suffers terrible burns The burns cause a slow and agonizing death for the fawn that God could have easily ended quickly to prevent suffering or stopped entirely without losing any greater good or creating an equally bad or worse evil 0 Theist Response 0 Say there s no good reason to believe 1 0 Say 1 is false by I Directly attacking the definitions of greater good and worse evils I Indirectly attacking through the GE Moore Shift Moore Shift 0 Flips the argument around 1 God does exist 2 If God exists he wouldn t allow unnecessary suffering 3 So unnecessary suffering doesn t exist 0 This argument is valid but is it sound 0 Have to compare the evidence for God versus the evidence for unnecessary evil
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