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Week 6 of History Notes

by: William Bartek

Week 6 of History Notes HIST 1500 - 01

William Bartek
Discovering World History
Autumn Dolan

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About this Document

This week's notes covers the formation of Christendom near the fall of the Roman Empire as well as the Germanic people's and the emergence of the medieval West.
Discovering World History
Autumn Dolan
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Friday October 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1500 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Autumn Dolan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Discovering World History in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/09/15
History 1500 Formation of Christendom Religious Reforms o Persecutions against Christians and mystery cults to reassert imperial domination 0 Nero 64 CE Blamed Christians for sack of Rome 0 Political move by Diocletian Christians didn t live in constant fear of persecution Martyrdom 0 Christian history filled with martyrs o Allowed us to find a general location of Christianity given it didn t have any churches or temples at this time o Patron and Client relationship Martyrs are patrons citizens are clients 0 Similar to Rome held appeal to the masses 0 Christianity became portable through the spreading the bones of martyrs Constantine and Christianity 0 Successor of Diocletian 0 Conversion to Christianity from his mother and battle gains power through God 0 Edict of Milan 313 CE Christianity legal 0 Christianization of Rome was a slow conservative process 0 500 CE First Christian church built in Roman main square 0 Pilgrimage o Constantine first to develop ideas of quotthe Holy Land and quotThe Holy Sepulcher 0 Christian geography finally begins to develop Clergy o Secular clergy those related to the world 0 Bishops I Role of governance I Legal expertise in property and family law I Socially connected to world marriage allowed for now Monasticism and Regular Clergy 0 Birth of Monasticism faithful life had become too easy 0 Eremitical life 0 Asceticism Christians could be athletes for Christ by limiting human desires 0 Anthony c 251 356 CE Went to Egyptian caves to avoid physical temptation o Simeon the Stylite c 390 459 Sat on a pillar to avoid the physical world 0 Coenobiticism communal monasticism o Benedict of Nursia c 480 547 healthy diet discourages travel exclusion from secular world 0 Opus dei Praying and scholarship 0 Opus labore Work for food and sustenance o Monastery in society Women in Late Church 0 Women acted as patrons giving money to churches and bishops 0 Women also pursued the ascetic lifestyle 0 Restrictions on women mount as Christianity develops 0 quotWomen were pollutants and corrupted religious artifacts Christian Hegemony o Theodosius 347 395 o Pagan religion continue to worship into medieval era 0 Hypatia d 415 Murdered end of Hellenistic philosophical world 0 Growing antisemitism Debates of Orthodoxy o Dominated by heterodoxy 0 Nature of Christ 0 Trinity of father son and holy spirit 0 Council of Nicaea 325 CE 0 Arianism opposed holy trinity condemned by the council 0 Council of Chalcedon 451 CE 0 Monophysites Jesus is fully divine Authority in Christendom o Caesaropopanism o Ambrose of Milan Excommunicates an emperor and the emperor agrees with him Roman Primacy o 5patriarchs o Petrine supremacy o Scripture placed Christian authority in Rome Christendom o Christianitas replaces romanitas o quotWhat does Athens have to do with Jerusalem AntiGreek sentiments o Dismissal of liberal arts 0 Vulgate First Latin Bible Christian Worldview 0 Crisis in Rome sacked by Visigoths o Augustine s City of God written in response 0 Human history would survive through Christianity instead of Rome 0 Christian ethics overrule Roman duty Germanic Peoples amp The Emergence of the Medieval West Fall of the Western Empire 0 Internal weaknesses 0 Demographic changes due to plague o Socioeconomic changes Diocletian s expensive reforms cost Rome too much 0 Decentralization from countryside farmers to city dwellers o Decline of romanitas new focus on the frontier Migration amp Invasion 0 Hunnic expansion 3705 o Visigoth migration into Roman territory 0 Battle of Adrianople 378 CE Rome defeated by Visigoths o Visigoths sack Rome 410 CE 0 Vandals 439 CE 0 Odoacer 476 CE Ostragothic leader conquers Rome amp rules for 20 years 0 Some say this is the official end of the Roman empire Why the West 0 Isolation from the Eastern empire 0 Military changes 0 Magister militum General taking over quotcommander in chief position of armies 0 People disenchanted with Rome Ostragothic Rule of Rome o Theodoric 454 526 CE Starts revolt against Xeno o Romanitas accepted by Theodoric o Marries his daughter to German king to spread romanitas o Encouraged preservation of classical heritage German Societies 0 Political system 0 Kinship and clan come first 0 Head of clan is warchief o Comitatus Warband of chief o Partible inheritance 0 They re elected but it falls to hereditary succession o Realm divided up between all your sons 0 Legal Systems 0 Blood feuds dominate early medieval era 0 Salic Law Attempt to curb blood feuds I Wergeld Everyone has a price amp harming them costs you 0 Women 0 Legal status and cherished for reproduction o Morgengab Wedding gifts for good virgin wives such as land or rights 0 Became peace weavers in politics Christianity 0 Arianism dominates Germanic people 0 Frankish conversion Clovis 466 511 CE Age of Missionaries 0 Ireland no bloodshed in conversion 0 No cities until Vikings invade easy rural conversion 0 AngloSaxon England 0 Gregory the Great r 590 604 o Frisia and Germania 0 King Radbod of Frisia almost converts but doesn t bc it would sever ties to ancestors and family o Boniface 672 754 cut down sacred tree to convert people from paganism and was martyr d in Frisia Germanic Christianity 0 Urban and rural divisions o Syncretism o Virile Christianity Roman Christian Ties o Synod of Whitby 664 CE 0 Northumbrian Renaissance o Benedict Biscup 628 690 Brought Roman church law 0 Venurable Bede 672 735 Early Medieval Monasticism 0 Economy of penance warriors pay monastery to pray for their sins so God will still allow them to fight and get into heaven


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