Week 7 Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cynthia Bressler on Friday October 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Music 170 at Kansas State University taught by Dr. Maxwell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views.
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Date Created: 10/09/15
Week 7 Folk music Collegeage young people needed something more substantial than mainstream pop 0 Some became interested in jazz blues or classical o The newest style to become popular on college campuses was folk music 0 Folk music had been somewhat popular throughout the 19405 Woody Guthrie Pete Seeger Almanac Singers 0 The Weavers o Included Pete Seeger during the early 19505 when they had some hits Before they were blacklisted Good Night Irenequot 1950 On Top of Old Smokyquot 195 1 0 Folk music and the artists singing it addressed issues that concerned less fortunate members of society Folk music had a noncommercial sound and character 0 It was music for regular people performed by regular people 0 Performers seemed to represent the masses I Not pretentious Virtuosity and showmanship were avoided Lyrics focused on social issues That made lyrics more important than the performers talents of appearance Strong contrast to teen idol music that was popular at the time 0 Harry Belafonte 0 Had hits in 19505 with exotic sounding Caribbean calypso fold songs Jamaica Farwellquot 1957 Banana Boatquot 1957 0 Very outspoken for civil rights during the 605 Kingston Trio 0 From 19581965 this group had 10 top 40 pop hits with Capitol Records I Where Have All the Flowers Gonequot 1962 0 great success with album sales versus the single records that were selling before Peter Paul amp Mary 0 1961 included Peter Yarrow Paul Stockey amp Mary Travers 0 Hit song Blowin in the Windquot originally sang by Bob Dylan Folk Rock Begins with Bob Dylan 1964 o Dylan was a well known folk artist before 1964 but not known in pop circles 0 He wanted to use and experimented with electric instruments and was inspired by Byrds Mr Tambourine Manquot 1965 0 Newport Folk Festival 1965 I Dylan used electric instruments amp folk purists accused him of selling out to pop mainstream but it introduced folk rock to a new audience Popular music in the US at the beginning of the 60s Wide variety of styles 0 Teen idols love songs folk music girlgroup rockabilly surf music sweet soul None of the artists of any of these styles were considered to be the Next Elvisquot Music industry was desperately looking among these styles to find a similar phenomenon o On Feb 9 1964 The Beatles appeared on Ed Sullivan s Sunday evening show I Elvis had done the same thing eight years earlier I 73 million people watched it I Even the crime rate went down during the time period of the telecast British pop in the late 1950s and early 1960s The UK was mostly a consumer of Americanmade music 0 The same American artists records were popular in both Britain amp US 0 British artists achieved success at home rather than in the states 0 Radio 0 BBC amp Radio Luxembourg 0 British government owned BBC It only had three channels and only one played rock amp roll Rise of Skif e o UK s version of rockabilly Rock Island Linequot started a craze for skif e music Both UK amp US hit Similar to rise of folk music in the US shortly after that period John Lennon amp Jimmy Page were teen fans of skif e OOO Beatles Beginning 1957 a Liverpool teenager named John Lennon formed a skif e group called Quarryman Changed name multiple times amp had different members than the original 4 we know Loved Buddy Holly amp crickets that s where the name The Beatles came from 0 Hamburg o Offered a job in a nightclub in Hamburg Germany in their red light district 0 Made a total of 5 trips to Hamburg from 19601962 I Expected to play every night I 1St stay 106 nights 2nd stay 92 nights 3rd stay 48 nights 0 The Hamburg experience provided the opportunity to develop their musical skills Their performance routines were grueling from 7PM to 2AM with 15 minutes breaks I Had to learn as many songs as they could as fast as they could New sets every night Brian Epstein met the band at the Cavern Club in Liverpool 0 Beatles began performing regularly here in Feb of 1961 0 Their musicianship was in top form amp they quickly established a reputation as a great band Both wrote their own songs amp did covers During a return trip to Hamburg they recorded a single with Tony Sheridan They were the backup band My Bonnie Lies Over the Oceanquot England started requesting this album 0 Record store manager Brian Epstein became curious amp went to see them at the Cavern Club Epstein offered to manage them in Nov of 1961 o Cleaned up their appearance wore matching suits got them into bigger venues to make more money Epstein arranged a recording audition with Decca in their London studios on Ian 1 1962 Decca passed them up but let Beatles keep their demo Got rid of drummer amp then hired Ringo Star who they had met while in Hamburg o In June of 1962 an audition was arranged with George Martin at EMI Beatlemania in England 1963 British press coined term to describe the excitement generated by the band s live performances in 1963 Wrote their own songs that continually topped British charts 0 Please Please Mequot From Me to Youquot She Loves Youquot Big break was on the Sunday Night at the London Palladium TV show similar to Ed Sullivan show in US In early Nov they appeared on the Royal Variety Performance TV show attended only by British Royalty Queen approved therefore society could approve No Beatlemania in US during 1963 o Captiol records refused to release any of the first Beatles recordings They assumed that the US market wouldn t buy Beatles records 0 George MartinBeatles producer licensed the first four singles amp first album to American independent labels I Please Please Mequot amp From Me to Youquot were licensed to Vee Jay I She Loves Youquot Was licensed to Swan 0 Philadelphia disc jockey had pilot friend bring him back a Beatles record from England Records were really difficult to get ahold of but there was a demand to hear them Beatlemania arrived in America in 1964 US debut album Meet the Beatles went 1 a week later and stayed there 3 months Beatles Second Album replaced the first album July 1964 release their fulllength feature movie A Hard Day s Night Flood of Beatles singles from that point forward 0 Can t Buy Me Lovequot 1964 Fearing that they would be a passing fad the Beatles worked furiously to accomplish as much as possible 0 Touring Recording No break in momentum Resulting in the most hits ever recorded by a popular music artist or group Negative swing for Beatles in 1966 John Lennon remarked in a UK interview that religion was in a state of decline 0 Said that was evident when Beatles could outdraw a church service 0 American journalists took his comments out of context amp accused Lennon of saying that the Beatles were bigger than Iesus In early 1966 they began bold new experiments in production of Revolver 0 Use of studio effects stylistic juxtapositions new timbral elements structural elements This approach is exemplified in Tomorrow Never Knowsquot o No chorus lyrics are from Tibetan book of the dead text from Timothy Leary s book The Psychedelic Experience accompanying music is a static single harmonic drone tape loops Development of greater stylistic range 0 Dylan s in uence is apparent on Lennon s You ve Got to Hide Your Love Awayquot 0 On the same album a classicalstyle string quartet accompaniment is used in McCartney s Yesterday 0 Citar Norweigan Woodquot These trends indicate the gradual approach to the highly eclectic concepts on Sgt Pepper 0 They moved from being craftsmen to artists The Rest of the British Invade Beatles opened the door for other British Invasion bands to follow them on to the US charts 0 These bands had a few things in common that create the British Invasion term I Long hair British accents Band members sand amp accompanied themselves on guitars and occasional keyboards 0 Rolling Stones 0 Next most significant British Invasion Band 0 Presented the opposite image of the Beatles I Sensual dangerous rude antiBeatles 0 British Invasion Bands ended up being categorized as either Beatlestype or Stonestype 0 Beatles type Gerry amp the Pacemakers o Stones type Yardbirds Animals 0 Others that didn t fit The Who the Kinks o Freddy amp the Dreamers used humor in their act by demonstrating a silly dance The Freddyquot