Anthropology chapter 11 notes
Anthropology chapter 11 notes ANTR 110S
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nathaniel Rhodes on Friday October 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTR 110S at Old Dominion University taught by KRISTIN M MACAK in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 10/09/15
Anthropology Section 2 chapter 11 first farmers ANTR110S Chapter 11 Food prodyctionlthe first farmers A Farming found independently invented in the South America39s west coast central America North America Africa South East Asia and Mesopotamia modernday turkey B Broad Spectrum Revolution Foraging of varied plant and animal foods at the end of the ice ages leading to the start of the agricultural revolution with a wider selection of plant and animal life C With glacial retreat foragers pursued generalized economy Wider range of plants and animals D Revolutionary due to human control of plants and animal39s reproduction E Lithic stone tools Mesolithic A Immediately followed the upper Paleolithic B Period involved stone too I making emphasizing microlithssmal stones within broad spectrum economies C New hunting techniques Neolithic A Economy based on food productionfarming arts sedentism domesticated foods 50 or more reliance on farming First farmer strategies A Dry farming farming without controlled water flow waiting for rain B Irrigation farming control over when crops need water C New crops like wheat and barley and animals such as cattle and pig were added to our diet D Food production happened in 5 different environments The high plateau 5000 ft high hill flanks woodland near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers piedmont steppes treeless plains Alluvial desertwere rich in soil and water E Domesticated animals in the middle east in 100007500 BP includes goat and sheep Cap ne F Sedentism Settled life in villagespermanent residences Natufians A Natufians A mix between foragers and farmers this middle eastern group hunted gazelles and collected cereals while living in yearly villages Anthropology Section 2 chapter 11 first farmers ANTRllOS Other definitions A TWUDP Carrying Capacity max number of people who can be supported on a subsistence base or needs Mesoamerica middle America Guatemala Mexico and Belize Maize corn domesticated in tropical Mexico Vertical economy A market that meets the needs of ONLY a specific industry Teosinte Wild ancestor of maize grows in the wilds of southwestern Mexico Manioc Cassava domesticated south American lowlandsBrazilian arrowroot Farming timeline 0095 Semi nomadic foragers 1200010000 BP Early dry farming and caprine domestication100007500 BP Specializing in food production75005500 BP Origin of states Sumer 5500 BP Food production costbenefits Food production spread vertically in the Americas and Africa and horizontally in Eurasia Food production is more reliable and given more attention it also has given humans more time to create more social scientific and creative technologies The costs though are that we have things such as taxes public health decline greater stress poverty and social inequality rises in crime and environmental degradation to name a few
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