Week 7 Lecture Notes
Week 7 Lecture Notes HIST 2030
Popular in Tennessee History
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Martinez on Friday October 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Derek W Frisby in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 10/09/15
Week 7 Lecture Notes History 2030 Tennessee becomes the 16th state Constitution of 1796 0 Has a bicameral legislature meaning the legislators are divided into two assemblies or chambers 0 Americans didn t want one individual man s needs or wants to overshadow those of the people to they don t establish and executive veto 0 These terms meant governors could not hold more than three consecutive 2 year terms 0 They wanted the executive branch to be as weak as possible so as to avoid any bribes or favors Voting 0 At the same time the constitution is being written immigrants are moving Westward as is most of the population and this will alter the voting process Land was a requirement for voting and this was meant to diffuse the collection of power in just one region defying English tradition Freemen voting requirement didn t specify race and it is thought that this was done so because they thought slavery would be abolished idea was not only undermined but abandoned with the invention of the cotton gin The less strict voting regulation at the time was controversial and in agreement with the Federalists Federalists 0000 0 Includes men like George Washington Alexander Hamilton Believed in having public minded people make the decisions Supported a loose interpretation of the constitution Will believed in the pyramid philosophy that the decisions for the many should be made by the educated public minded few Were more prominent in wealthy urban areas Democratic Republicans 0000 Includes men like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison Believed that power shouldn t be concentrated among a few but among many Were more prominent in the rural areas Supported a strict interpretation of the constitution Tennesseans believed they had inherent rights to the Mississippi River because most of Tennessee s water ows into it and becomes the artery of commercial business Tennessee didn t have control over the MS River Spain does but later gives it to France with the Louisiana Property as a way to soothe the strife when Spain didn t come to France s aid during the war A Federalist by the name of John Jay gave up the rights to the MS River to the English before Spain has it Because TN wants control of the MS River they put in provision to get it but are denied as the constitution states that any waterway communicating travels from state to state is controlled by the Federalist government so a claim like that would be unconstitutional TN s constitution states that to serve as government you had to swear a belief in God the only exception to this was soldiers It later prevents preachers and ministers from being a part of the government accentuating the separation of church and state TN becoming the 16th state in the Union is important because it plays a big part in the presidential election of 1796 After the war George Washington refused to be president and left the position but had to go back because everything was collapsing George Washington was president from 17881796 8 years The constitution doesn t actually require political parties in fact they were previously called faction before they were modi ed to seem more inviting The factions were actually seen as a threat to freedom but after Washington stepped down there was a choice to be made were they going to follow the pyramid philosophy or the democratic republican philosophy The Federalists didn t want the Democratic Republicans to win so in an attempt to take away their power they tried to stop the Constitution from passing Thomas Jefferson says that TN would be the least imperfect and the most republican because he wants to beat the Federalists in the presidential election A compromise was reached by the Federalists on the constitution on June 1 1796 that resulted in the Roman numeral XVI 16 on the state seal to establish union credibility Federa1ists craved order and stability so the Democratic Republic compromises by having reduced electoral college votes until the 1800s and the constitution passes John Sevier TN s first governor Referred to as Chucky Jack because he was from Nolichucky TN Looked like Washington so people would vote for him as Washington was so well liked Andrew Jackson Becomes the first Representative from TN Had a rough early life his parents were Scottish Irish immigrants When they arrived to the colonies his father died He and 2 of his brothers went to war one of them dying from heat exhaustion Jackson and his other brother were captured is brother gets sick and his mother dies from and illness leaving Jackson an orphan at 14 Jackson blames all the misfortune in his life on the British so he harbors resentment for them After gambling away his inheritance Jackson moves to the Cumberland where he meets Rachel Donelson Rachel Robards Donelson is already married but is in a loveless ranged marriage The two get married not knowing her divorce has not finalized and both of their reputations are tarnished They are married when Jackson gets Representative and quits after two years He joins the militia and wants to be a judge so he writes Sevier and Sevier says no but gives in after Jackson s persistence Jackson finds out that Sevier has been laundering money from a secret company and keeps the information until the 1800s when the two run head to head for Governor Archibald Roane who Sevier wanted to use as place holder for him since he had served the limit on consecutive terms but Jackson let Roane into what Sevier had done so they became friends and went after Sevier together and Jackson out Sevier for his money laundering but no one believes then and instead ruins their reputation Andrew Old Hickory Jackson and his Duels Andrew Jackson was known for a lot of things his temper being one of them He ends up meeting Sevier the courthouse where words are exchanged and where Sevier allegedly spoken badly about Jackson s wife Rachel a sure fire way to set Jackson off as his wife had been through a lot what with the name calling gossiping and ruined reputation and Jackson was very protective of her so Jackson challenges him to a duel The duels were set up so that every dueler chose a second who basically was supposed to try to diffuse the situation with the opposing second if that didn t work the seconds got to choose the rules for the duel and would make it so that no one died because you aren t supposed to die in a duel This duel never happens but Jackson does end up chasing Sevier around a tree embarrassing Sevier Jackson later challenges Charles Dickenson to a duel even though Dickenson was a good shot the best in town In an attempt to give Jackson a fighting chance he and his assembly decide to layer his clothes with the hope that if Dickenson hits him the layered clothes will spare Jackson s life Dickenson shoots Jackson and Jackson doesn t move indicating that it is his turn to shoot at Dickenson Jackson lands the shot and ends up killing Dickenson It isn t until after Jackson is leaving the duel that his friends find out he had been shot and was still living Jackson is called Old Hickory because after a few duels battles and getting ran over by a carriage he still wouldn t die Creek War and Horseshoe Bend Jackson s reputation had been ruined but Jackson fought the Indians in 1812 and ended up cleaning up his reputation Britain fights Napoleon and wins then send the veterans of that war into the colonies to take them back Britain sets the executive mansion White House on fire along with some of the colonies major cities in hope to burn the colonies into submission but it is unsuccessful Britain s goal had been to take Washington the capitol but ended up setting everything else on fire instead Britain tries to take Fort Mckinley and this is where the national anthem comes from
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