Music 80C Week 3 Class Notes
Music 80C Week 3 Class Notes MUSC 80C - 01
Popular in Hist Electronic Mus
Popular in Department
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Garcia on Friday October 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC 80C - 01 at University of California - Santa Cruz taught by Polansky,L. in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 124 views.
Reviews for Music 80C Week 3 Class Notes
Good notes, but organized in a way that's confusing to me.
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/09/15
Music 80C Week 3 Class Notes Tape Techniques amp Analog Synthesis Cage Stockhausen Rodrigue Malher Oliveros Reich amp Lucier With permission given by Larry Polansky here are the notes on things we discussed in class this week Back to John Cage One of the most intelligent amp hardworking composers of the 20th Century Inherent American composers don t have heavy historical in uence on their music because they did not emigrate and carry with them a country s history As in the case of Cage this allowed for free creation in their works Formed his music on the four foundations of a Structure how the piece is organized b Method how time is cut up c Material what fills up the time that has been cut up d Form what the final product is For example take his piece 433 the silent piece a Structure 433 minutes cut up into 3 sections b Method nothing c Material nothing d Form call it a piece From quotLecture on Nothingquot a I have nothing to say amp I am saying it amp this is poetry as I need itquot b The space of time is organized to mimic the importance of silence We need not fear these silences Lecture on Nothing Imaginary Landscape 1 Performance Notes a to create this song old records from radio stations were used b Performed live c Wrote structure of the piece amp filled structure with these random structures William s Mix one of Cage s first uses of the IChing hexagrams to introduce chance into the method of composition Had 6 different sound categories city country electronic manually produced wind small sounds This score is 192 pages long with each lasting about 69 seconds It is also an octophinic piece with 8 parts playing at one It took about 1 year to create curbside Tom Erbe s Recreation of William s Mix A true performance in that it stayed true to the structure of the piece Erbe used the original score amp inputted new sounds Anthropod acoustics Frequency amp duration are inverses of each other For example 100 hz which is an octave up of middle C has a period of 1100 seconds of duration Wavelength distance that duration takes up in terms of physical space The music note middle C is 500 hertz Hz Human speech is SKHz O decibels dB does not amount to silence Rather it is the unintentional sound amp threshold of human hearing 140 dB is the human pain threshold Where you can experience silence is in an anechoic chamber which is a room that is completely quiet or as quiet as it can be for recording Konkate by Stockenhausen Film Stockenhausen on Konkate amp everything else Stockenhausen analyzed sounds and noises throughout his life Talks about how new experiences change men and whenever we hear sounds we are changed Talks about how white noisequot can be filtered to become colored noisequot noise with effects Talks about how you are able to change pitch melodies by making frequency periods faster slower Schaeffer Pioneer of musique concrete Came up with the idea of the sonorous object Acoustics amp Fauxacoustics Linear vs algorithmic expression what we hear No music involves linear pitch perception Pitch is received as a ratiometric of frequency The more of something you have the more you need to create an equal expression of what it is Here s an example In a class of 300 how many more people need to be added to the class in order to say that there are many more people in the class than before If 10 more people join the class we can t say there are many more people in the class than before Maybe if there were like 40 more people in the class we could say that there are many more people in the class than beforequot Everything is relative in ratios Multiplying frequencies increases pitch This is how humans hear We do not hear small amp irrational increases in pitch Steve Reich In his piece Come Out he used the speech that was recorded as it naturally occurred for it to be untransformed Considered music as a gradual process This is evident in the many phases he created Each took pieces from the older phase to create a new one David Mahler Singing in the style of the voice of the poet The Art of Tape Speech w Interpreter 3903 httpswwwyoutubecomwatchvwt3 R9mpFw7o We came up with questions amp covered material that can come up on a quiz for next week it will be multiple choice done in class on notecards provided by the professor What were the instruments used in Music of the Spheres 3 electronic instruments a triangle amp a lion s roar Who wrote Music of the Spheres Iohanna Magdalena Beyer What year was Music of the Spheres written 1938 What is the standard sampling rate 441 kHz 48 kHz or 96 kHz What is a sampling rate A sampling rate is the amount of frequencies per cycle What is musique concrete Music concrete is music constructed by mixing recorded sounds Who is most associated with musique concrete Pierre Schaeffer Name an electronic instrument from 19301950 Theremin player piano etc What are Cage s four fundamentals Structure method material amp form What is structure Structure is how time is organized What is method Method is how time is cut up What is material Material is what fills that time What is form Form is the final product of what the other three produce What year was William s Mix recorded 1951 What was the method of decisionmaking in William s Mix IChing What was the method for Music for a Solo Perforrmer Having the performer connected to wires which transmitted brain waves to control the percussion instruments Who is the composer for Music for a Solo Composer Alvin Lucier is the composer for Music for a Solo Composer What did Pathagorous do when teaching his students Pathagorous his behind a curtain when teaching his students that way only his voice could be heard What does the Nyquist Sampling Theory state The Nyquist Sampling Theory states that the sampling rate should be twice as much the waveform frequency Who composed the Forbidden Planet score Louis amp Bebe Barron composed the Forbidden Planet score What year was Forbidden Planet made Forbidden Planet was made in 1956 What Shakespeare play is Forbidden Planet based after Forbidden Planet is based off Shakespeare s The Temptest