Disabilities EDU 2100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas nelson on Saturday October 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EDU 2100 at High Point University taught by Dr. Sarah Vess in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Nature of the Learner in Education and Teacher Studies at High Point University.
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Date Created: 10/10/15
Thomas Nelson 10815 0 If IEP team agrees that child is eligible for special education 14 categories 0 O O IEP and placement recommendations are made during meeting Before any of this a parent or teacher has to write a referral for child to be placed in special education Don t need parental permission to evaluate child but do need it to place in special education or provide services 0 Who has to be placed at IEP meeting 0 00000 0 Special Education teacher General Education teacher School administrator Someone qualified to review test scores School psychologist Anyone Who can provide info Parents Child if at least 14 years old 0 IEP covers 0 O 0 Educational needs characteristics and present levels of performance Special education related services supplemental aids and services assistive technology program modifications and support for personnel Measurable goals and shortterm objectives 0 Most common service delivery models 0 0 Special education teacher consults general education Special education and general education teachers teach together O Pullout resource rooms 0 Selfcontained classrooms Inclusion has increased tremendously since IDEA in 1997 0 Students don t leave the classroom for special instruction 0 Support comes to them Mainstreaming O Placement is parttime in general education and parttime in special education 0 Students leave classroom to get support Inclusion and mainstreaming are placement options within Least Restrictive Environment LRE Placement must be determined based on educational reasons gt best place for goals and objectives to be met Twice Exceptional A gifted and talented student with a disability that required services Occupational Therapy OT Improving developing or restoring functions impaired or lost through injury illness or deprivation increasing independent functioning Physical Therapy PT Restore function increase mobility and prevent loss of mobility SpeechLanguage Therapy STSLT Habilitation or prevention of communicative impairments Learning Disability A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language spoken or written Diagnosis of learning disability is based on 0 Determination of a severe discrepancy between student s intellectual ability and academic achievement 0 Absence of any other known condition present in the student that could cause the learning problems 0 Necessity for special education services Instructional techniques recommended for students with learning disabilities 0 Explicit Instruction Using examples models questions practice and feedback to help students focus attention and facilitate processing 0 Graphic Organizers Using outlines and diagrams to help students construct meaning of what they are reading 0 Visual Displays Using visual representations of concepts to enhance comprehension 0 Learning Strategies Planning and selfmonitoring to provide structure that helps students organize understand and retain what they are taught Attention DeficitHyperactivity Disorder ADHD Behavior that re ects an inability to pay attention combined with excessive and uncontrolled or impulsive activity 0 Often treated with drug therapy I Side effects Loss of appetite irritability and insomnia Applied behavioral Analysis A way to teach ADHD students selfcontrol Providing clear instruction welldefined rules and consistent reinforcement to help students improve their behavior 0 Emotional or Behavioral Disorders has 2 categories 0 Externalizing Antisocial behavior 0 Internalizing Avoidant behavior I Anxiety Disorder Shyness and withdrawal couples with depression and fear resulting in poor educational performance and the possibility of suicide 0 Classifying a student as having an emotional or behavioral disorder usually requires testing by a school psychologist 0 But teachers can detect and document instances of disorder I 5 dimensions to describe observations gt Rate Frequency of a particular behavior gt Duration How long the behavior lasts gt Latency Amount of time between the incident and the moment the behavior occurs gt Magnitude Strength or intensity of the behavior gt Typography Specific form the behavior takes 0 Behavior Management Imposing behavioral expectations and rewarding students for following them 0 Essential to successful behavioral management at the classroom level 0 State behavioral expectations such as respect the property of others 0 Define and teach behavioral expectations such as what is the right way to treat the property of others and what is the wrong way 0 Acknowledge appropriate behaviors with praise rewards or special activities 0 Correct behavioral errors proactively I Group Contingencies Students behaving appropriately bring rewards to the whole class 0 Differential Acceptance Teachers establishing a positive relationship with students witnessing extreme acts without responding similarly 0 Empathic Relationship Understanding a disturbed student s needs and communicating directly honestly with that student 0 Communication Disorder An impairment in the ability to receive send process and comprehend concepts or verbal nonverbal and graphic symbol systems 0 Speech Impairment When speech deviates so far from the speech of other people that it calls attention to itself interferes with communication or provokes distress in the speaker or the listener I Speech sound errors I Fluency disorder I Voice disorder 0 Language Impairment Involves difficulty understanding language or expressing oneself through language I Dialects Forms of pronunciation associated with different regions 0 Hearing Impairment Hearing loss that affects educational performance and thus qualifies a student for special education 0 Visual Impairment Included total blindness functional blindness and low vision 0 Physical disabilities include 0 Orthopedic Impairments Affect of skeletal system Impair physical movement and mobility and are caused by congenital abnormalities such as being born With a missing portion of a limb a disease like polio or other causes such as cerebral palsy or fractures O Neuromotor Impairments Affect the central nervous system spinal cord injury often causing similar physical limitations to those caused by orthopedic impairments 0 Health Impairments Diseases such as cystic fibrosis diabetes asthma and AIDS that affect a student s activities and performance in schools 0 Combo of physical and health impairments account for over 6 of schoolage children receiving special education out of about 20 estimated to have these conditions 0 About 1 in every 500 people have autism 0 Boys are affected about 400 times more often than girls 0 Autism A severe developmental disability characterized by impairments of communication social and emotional functioning 0 Distinguishing features of autism generally appear before 30 months and include disturbances in l developmental rates and sequences 2 responses to sensory stimuli 3 speech language and cognitive capacities and 4 capacities to relate to people events and objects 0 10 characteristics of autistic children 0 Difficulty relating to others in a typical manner Extreme aloneness that seemed to isolate the child from the outside world Resistance to being picked up or held by parents Significant speech deficits including mutism and echolalia Echoing What other people say In some cases very good rote memory Early specific food preferences Obsessive desire for repetition and sameness Bizarre repetitive behavior such as rocking back and forth Lack of imagination and few spontaneous behaviors 0 Normal physical appearance 0 Asperger Syndrome Mildest form of autism highfunctioning autism includes 000 00000 average or above average intelligence poor communication and social skills repetitive and stereotyped behavior preoccupation With objects and difficulty developing friendships 0 Recommended approach for teaching autistic students is use of applied behavior analysis
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