Intro to Social Psych
Intro to Social Psych PSYC 3430 - 03
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Notetaker on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3430 - 03 at Tulane University taught by O'Brien, Laurie in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro To Social Psych in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 03/21/16
Social animals • Humans have a fundamental ened to belong ◦ Common to all humans ◦ Connect with others in enduring, close relationships ◦ Rats in cages without rats, preference to be with others and vice versa Not connecting hurts - ostracism • Ostracism: acts that ignore or exclude others • Effects ◦ Negative mood ◦ Decreased cog capacity ◦ Increased aggression ◦ Pp Long term ostracism • Albert woodfox, 69 yo • Spent 45 yrs in solitary conﬁnement at angola • Released last month, in a plea deal (maintains that he is innocent) • When someone loses sanity: Increased anxiety, panic attacks, compulsive actions • Neg consequences are an evolved response to threat Short term ostracism • Cyber-os study ◦ Online with throwing ball • 1 - studyin what aspects of brain light up and show activation when socially excluded ▪ O activates interior singular cortex and frontal • Same ones that light up with physical pain When do we afﬁliate? • Celebrations • Tragedies • Threatening situations ◦ Fear vs embarrassment • Ran women through study, p's came to lab with high or low anxiety 1. High - would b shocked and emphasized they'd be painful 2. Low - described shocks as nearly painless, downplayed • Rate how anxious, wait with other or alone 1. High - chose to wait with others 2. Low - not as often chose to wait with others • Suck on paciﬁers or nipples during study ▪ Ppl didn't want to hang around others bc embarassing • When you're uncertain ◦ Social comparison ◦ Does misery love company? • Seeking info • Seeking reward ◦ Exchange pos outcomes • Seeking attention • Seeking support ◦ Ppl we afﬁliate with The Role of Familiarity • Proximity ◦ There are about 7.4 billion ppl on earth • Whether you develop a relationship with another person is largely determined by how close you are to them - in physical distance ◦ Two things make prox interesting • It's obvious, tend to overlook • When do recognize, we underestimate its power Proximity - funcitonal distance • Festinger (1950) • Married couples randomly assigned houses in unit ◦ Name who closest friends were • Physical proximity was single biggest predictor • 2/3 of friends were in same building • 1/3 were same ﬂoor Proximity - "becoming friends by chance" • Back • Seat assigning with intro ◦ No physical relation • Not likely ◦ Same row • More ◦ Neighboring seats • Greatest Mere exposure • Zajonc (rhymes with science) • Song on radio, more exposed, more liked • Presented with stimuli never seen before ◦ Ex: Chinese symbol ◦ Rate how positive or negative symbol is, showed some more than others • Tended to like those more • College classroom (moreland and beach) • Method ◦ Female confederates in class ◦ Sat in ﬁrst row ◦ No interaction ◦ Varied number of classes 5 1 , 0 1 ,•5 ◦ At the end, gave pics of women to actual class • Students who were shown slides of ppl that attended more often has highest ratings ▪ Weak but reliable affects ▪ Stronger affects on attraction and similarity Physical attractiveness • Physical attractiveness and our beliefs about it ◦ There are beneﬁts of being hot • Social beneﬁts • Material beneﬁts • Beneﬁt of the doubt beneﬁts ◦ Beyond the tangible ben, we believe hot ppl are better • Halo effect ◦ A self fulﬁlling prophecy • Snyder ▪ Attractive ppl may have better social skills ▪ Convos on phone with a women • Gave males pic of said woman • May act a certain way with attractive women ▪ Recorded convos ▪ Asked another group to listen to convo • Rate ppl involved • How warm, outgoing, friendly, attractive • Rated men who thought were talking to hot lady more warm • Rated woman as more warm when the male thought lady was hot • What phys features do we ﬁnd hot ◦ Answer varies from person to person, culture to culture, and across time ◦ Is beauty in eye of beholder or are there universla standards • Resource scarcity and attraction ◦ Nelson and morrison (2005) psychological science ◦ How much $ in pocket? • Rate ideal weight of hot person in opposite sex • Being reminded of $ didn't inﬂuence women, changed men's • Fair amount of money ▪ 125 lbs • Not a lot of money ▪ 127 lbs • When resources are scare, there's a beneﬁt to hold on weight ◦ Are you hungry? • Interviewed men before or after they ate in dining hall ▪ On way in 5 •1 ▪ On way out 3 •1 • Evidence that beauty is objective ◦ Infant evidence • Spend more time looking at attractive adults ◦ Similarity across cultures • Avg is hot • Facial symmetry ▪ Indicator of genetic healthy ▪ Deviations from sym, means more pathogens while in womb ◦ Biologcially adaptive • Evolutionary basis in mate pref ◦ Men tend to value phys hotness more than women do ◦ Hourglass women and v shaped men ◦ "immature" features in women; "mature" features in men ◦ Facial sym
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