Week 7 chapter 6 notes
Week 7 chapter 6 notes PHIL 194
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Trevor Meed on Saturday October 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 194 at St. Cloud State University taught by Swank, Casey in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Critical Reasoning in PHIL-Philosophy at St. Cloud State University.
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Date Created: 10/10/15
Study group notes week 5 Chapter 6 Analyze inductive Arguments Inductive vs Deductive 0 Can determine the conclusion from the sentence is deductive o Inductive you can accept premise as true and conclusion false without contradicting each other 0 They use terms like most some 0 Inductive provide evidence for conclusion 0 Conclusion is a hypothesis because it is not 100 true 4 types of inductive argument 1 Enumerative 2 Statistical Syllogism 3 Casual 4 Analogy Enumerative 0 From premises that ascribing a feature to a number of things of a certain kind argument concludes that all things of that kind have that feature 0 Universal thing in absolute deal with all 0 Nonuniversal things like most or few not apply to all things 0 Conclusion is a universal statement Statistical Syllogism o A feature that is ascribed to a case or a case on the basis of their being subsumed within a larger class of things some of which perhaps many have that feature that was ascribed Goes from sample small size to conclude all have that feature 0 Most cops have X training B cop has X training So A cop also has X training 0 One premise will be a generalization statement Causal 0 Claim that two things are related cause and effect 0 Three things to look for 1 Effect E comes from cause C 2 C causes E 3 E and C are the cause or effect of something else X Analogy 0 Certain conclusion about individuals qualities or classes is drawn on a basis of similarities with other individuals qualities or classes 0 Determines success 1 How many things are being held for analogy against each other 2 The degree of similarities of dissimilarities 3 Relevance of the chosen features to the hypothesis 4 Boldness of hypothesis with respect to the evidence modesty is stronger Rehab ny 0 Based on reason premise true make conclusion more likely to be true over 50 then reliable under 50 unreliable matter of degree Strong o In order to be strong has to be reliable 0 Needs to have all true premise matter of degree Graph Statements general l I specific L39 nonuniversal universal
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