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After the American Revolution

by: Mary Alexis Kerman

After the American Revolution History 1100

Marketplace > University of Missouri - Columbia > History > History 1100 > After the American Revolution
Mary Alexis Kerman
GPA 3.9
Survey of United States History to 1865
Dr. Rost

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About this Document

Survey of United States History to 1865
Dr. Rost
Class Notes
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Alexis Kerman on Saturday October 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Dr. Rost in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Survey of United States History to 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/10/15
Constructing the Constitution Key Terms Checks amp Balances Constitutional Slavery Bill of Rights Naturalization Act of 1790 I Preamble of the Constitution establishes why there s a need for a government and a stronger centralized institution 0 The Constitution fixing the problems of the ADC and expand things out for the future 0 Government Structure more federal power Instead of a one house congress there s three branches of government legislative congress executive president and judiciary legal The president can enforce laws and command the military Congress gets more power to levy taxes borrow money regulate commerce declare war develop treaties with outside nations and promote general welfare of the USA They also establish strong provisions in order to stop states from infringing on property rights What is not in charge of the federal government is handed down to the states Concerns about how states are represented arise and large vs small states become debated I Virginia Plan James Madison Establishes two house legislature state s population will determine its representation I New Jersey Plan smaller states push for this plan Proposes a one house congress saying one vote per state so there s a shared power I In the end two house congress is kept and there s a senate each state has two and the House of Representatives depended on population 0 regulating how the houses of congress worked The senate was seen as wealthier and high standing while the House of Representatives were more of the common people Made so no branch can dominate another Congress enacts laws president can veto 23 majority vote of congress needs to override veto federal judges nominated by president and approved by congress and a president can be impeached by the HOR and put on trial by the senate O constitution helps to protect them I January 1 1808 prohibition on slave trade A domestic commerce of trading starts to grow I Fugitive Slave Law requires citizens to return slaves to their owner I 35 Clause each slave existing in the USA is counted as 35 of a person and that representation is for the Electoral College This in turn gives more power to the South I Constitutional Support 0 The Federalist I 788 wanted to bring support for the new constitution I Alexander Hamilton James Madison and John J ay write 85 essays bringing about arguments on why the constitution should be ratified Says it protects American liberties and system of checks and balances is good Madison says that there is consent of the governed but they need to be stopped from rebelling Points out that the constitution protects religious toleration and through all of this they want to calm fears about the government 0 AntiFederalists concerned that the new gov would fall to hostiles 0 Opposition to Ratification 0 Samuel Adams John Hancock Patrick Henry 0 first ten amendments of the US constitution It was to guarantee the rights of citizens I Constitutional Amendments 1 Free speech press assembly 2 Bear arms 3 No quartering of soldiers without consent 4 Due process of law 5 No unlawful search and seizures 6 Right to a fair trial 7 No cruel and unusual punishment 10 Powers not reserved for the federal government is given to the states 0 defines citizenship in the United States Constitution empowers congress to create a system where 39mmigrants can become citizens Congress restricts the process of becoming citizens to those who are European Therefore it excludes many other immigrant groups from becoming citizens Until the late 19th century this definition doesn t change until the 14th amendment born in USA you are a citizen A New Nation amp New Land Key Terms Articles of Confederation Northwest Ordinance Shay s Rebellion o This failure inspired the need for a Constitution for a centralized government This was the first written constitution and drafted during the Revolution by 1777 Ratification in 1781 at the end of the war The goal was to provide framework of government during wartime Other goal were to provide money raise and army and create a union between the colonies 0 Government Structure no centralized power so each 13 states had their own independence Structured on how the British government was setup They only had one house of congress and each state only had 1 representative There was no president in order to cut down dominance nor was there a judiciary system All major decisions needed 913 states to ratify In order to amend these articles there had to be a unanimous decision among every single state The gov could declare war conduct foreign affairs coin money and lacked the power to levy taxes and regulate commerce 0 Strengths western land claims One of the most important successes was establishing a regulatory system over western lands It breaks down the state s land and is given to the federal government Through this we get our modern day boarders The federal government can then sell this land and gain profit which was key for the settlement in the west 0 Weakness So overall there was limited power States refused to give money to the government and so that was problematic showing more state power than federal power With instability after the war there is a postwar economy The government wasn t run well because of all these troubles that weren t regulated impacting decisions made by the federal gov Without income debts could not be paid off Wages for the soldiers that fought were low and so you re also in debt to your own nation Trade drives nations and before the war they traded with Great Britain but now that bridge is burned 0 Western Settlement rules need to be established as you move west in order to keep peace 0 Native Americans problems with dealing with natives as settlers move westward The government ordered these natives to give up their land without any treaty or negotiation Because some of these natives fought for the British there was no respect Yet a distinction between who fought for America became tricky so they just massed the whole native population together 0 Land Speculation a resale system and when it isn t regulated economic problems arise The Federal gov split some thought land should be given to farmers idea of liberty and agrarian economy and others said that the sale of the land is a boost for revenue and should be regulated 0 Land Ordinances decide which western lands would be up for sale 0 1784 which lands should be sold Establishes stages of selfgovernment townships The goal is to set up systems of plots of land These districts are created in hopes that they become states like Ohio Michigan Wisconsin etc There is also an attempt to regulate slavery and get rid of it in the Northwest area but congress rejects this by a single vote 0 1785 This was passed to regulate the Northwest Territory Implement the idea of selling land by sections for 1acre A concern arose that farmers couldn t afford land A transition from selling land to speculators rather than individuals started happening Speculators then divided that land up and sold those chunks to individuals I Old Northwest Ohio River and everything north was considered this territory 0 1787 Sets into motion the establishment of 35 states for the future The idea behind it had to do with territorial expansion going west while facilitating the growth 39 Slavery prohibited slavery 0 a key event ending the Articles of Confederation 17861787 Happens in Western Massachusetts These farmers are concerned about the economics during this time They don t have a cash crop in this area and so paying of their debts is difficult and they ll lose their farm Stability will go to the creditors and so they try and stop this Many of the farmers form together with Daniel Shay and march upon Springfield the capitol to show their grievances and say that they need help James Bowden the governor gives little sympathy Confrontation breaks out and the rebels are dispersed soon after Thomas Jefferson is in Paris at this time receiving letters of this rebellion but isn t concerned Brings about all the problems with the AOC The rebellion changes the financial policy in this state going from hard money to soft money 0 American Nationalism advocating for a national system of economics Two nationalist emerge push for a larger and stronger federal government They become the writers and vocal voices 1787 a meeting in Philadelphia to amend the articles of Confederation Rhode Island didn t show up Officials get rid of the AOC 0 James Madison he s on the fence going forward He agrees with Hamilton in most ways but he is closely tied with Thomas Jefferson who questions this strong federal government 0 Alexander Hamilton raised in the west indies and supports the ideas of the gov invested in powerful commercial and economic commerce as well as regulating the country Hamilton vs Jefferson Key Terms Report on Public Credit Report on Manufactures Whiskey Rebellion 0 George Washington s Cabinet Hamilton and Jefferson come from Washington s cabinet There sustainability finally with promoting republican virtue acting for one s self and the interest of the people Washington wants to avoid war Promoted diverse leadership to surround him He allows his cabinet members to do work for him The clash between Hamilton and Jefferson lasts their whole lives because Jefferson becomes president who is in uenced by Hamilton 0 Alexander Hamilton wanting to establish a financial system Head of the treasury department 0 Vision of the United States knew the USA needed alliances with the rest of the world He realizes that they need to establish trade and diplomatic relations with Britain Believes that the gov should play a role in economic development and as a nation the USA should be the major commercial economic power of the world 0 Financial Plan Assumption Plan establishing the nation s credit worthiness by paying off debts goes with the assumption plan He wanted to not just pay debts off but establish a new national debt so you keep paying it off The goal is to give men of economic standing an ability to invest in the new national gov National Bank of the United States the hope is for this to be a private enterprise that would hold public funds issue bank notes and make loans to the gov This becomes an issue because it s fought over until the mid 19th century because of how much power there is Tax on Whiskey if you put a tax on whiskey there will be a revenue system that is put into place Also it becomes a viable tax product because it s coming into the market so it makes it easier for farmers to bring a plan to establish American manufacturing Made in the USA Making sure American products come before foreign markets National tariff on imported goods raising import good price Also promoting local manufactures He sees how these will be the staples going into the future but many oppose him 0 Thomas J efferson secretary of state under Washington He is more tied to an agricultural economy instead of a manufacturing economy Wants to continue to go West rather than expanding overseas O Farmer s Republic 0 Role of the Government James Madison 0 J effersonHamilton Bargain made to ensure national unity Jefferson convinces O the southern states to accept Hamilton s plans in exchange for the location of the nation s Capital Located in the upper south I Washington DC 0 Federalists and Republicans O Federalists support George Washington Manufacturing national bank tarrifs and close alliances with Britain 0 Republicans James Madison and Thomas Jefferson Favor the farmer s republic and supported the idea of selfgovernment rather than a federal level power They support the French 39 J effersonians I DemocraticRepublican Societies 0 whiskey if your recall is easier to transport into tan Under the Whiskey tax production is taxed by the federal gov In Pennsylvania there is a rebellion The farmers oppose these taxes and so they want to block this tax The Federal gov sends an army headed by George Washington The rebellion is quickly put down Significance is reaction within the cabinet because of Washington s actions and Jefferson resigns He begins to wage a war upon federalism and starts to attack the government Democratic republic societies are put down because they re accused for creating the rebellion Despite Jefferson leaving the Republican party gains strength in the end and mobilize their power helping in the election in the 1800s creating a new political power


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