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Week 3 Reading Notes

by: Janiel Celeena Santos

Week 3 Reading Notes ANTH 161

Janiel Celeena Santos
World Cultures >2 >IC
Baxter D

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Week 3 Reading notes for Anthropology 161
World Cultures >2 >IC
Baxter D
Class Notes
race, ethnicity, racism, anthropology 161
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janiel Celeena Santos on Saturday October 10, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 161 at University of Oregon taught by Baxter D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see World Cultures >2 >IC in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.

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Date Created: 10/10/15
Key Terms Race flawed system of classification that uses physical characteristics to divide humans into groups Racism thoughts and actions as well as institutional patterns that create unequal access to power Resources and opportunities based on made up differences between groups Colonialism when a nationstate expands its reach politically economically and militarily to gain access to raw materials cheap labor and other countries markets Jim Crow Laws that legally enforced segregation after the end of slavery Eugenics Fake science bent on proving that different human races exist and that some are better than others Institutional racism Racial inequality through key institutionssystems and policies Ethnicity historicalcuIturalancestral connection of a group who are distinct from those outside the group Genocide extermination and mass killing of a race Ethnic cleansing Removal by a group of people of another ethnicity from an areacountry Melting pot Metaphor that describes immigrant assimilation Assimilation Where minorities adapt to patterns and norms of dominant cultures and cease to be a separate group Multiculturalism Where new immigrants and their kid s enculturate into the dominant culture but retain their own ethnic culture State Unified regional structure with its own government and laws to maintain and defend territory Nationalism Desire of an ethnic community to become a nationstate Imagined communitv Inventive sense of connection that is shared traditions that underlie ID with a certain ethnic group nation whose members will possibly never meet Hurricane Katrina gt There is no such thing as natural disaster they become disasters through social factors Location Vulnerability of a population Government preparedness Effectiveness of response 0 Reconstruction efforts gt Possible to look at events through a lens of race OOOO gt Seen by anthropologists as a way to divide humans gt Framework developed during colonization gt No scienti c way of classi cation of race yet has remained a strong framework Racism has justi ed the conquest enslavement forced transportation economic and political domination and decimation of different peoples V Biolooicallv Separate Races gt Society has been encultured to believe race is made of physical characteristics gt No biologically defend human groups gt All humans share about 999 of DNA gt ChangedPerpetrated by people over individual and collective action Well Integrated GenePool gt Over 200000 years humans have functioned as an enormous gene pool swapping genes back and forth through interbreeding gt Family trees have intersected more than once gt Over time we have accumulated over one billion relatives Phenotvpe and Genotvoe gt People make misconception of intelligence faster stronger safe or dangerous gt Genotype inherited genetic factors gt Phenotype how the genes are expressed in physical form gt Phenotype is used by humans to characterize what is one39s race Ea rwax gt Race by skin color is arbitrary gt Two primary types of earwax 0 Dry grey and crumbly 0 Wet Yellow and Sticky Leoacv of Colonialism gt Europeans were able to classify people and put themselves at the top gt This helped them to justify their conquests Class in the Dominican Republic gt The story of the landing of Columbus is the story of race gt 50yrs after his landing hundreds of thousands of indigenous were dead gt Today Dominicans struggle with classifying themselves a Hispanic or African gt Many shades of colors of Dominicans gt None consider themselves 39black39 BrazH gt 1888 was the abolition of slavery gt Has one of the largest African populations in the world gt Uses hundreds of classi cations of skin colors gt Don39t use the Hypodescent one black ancestors automatically makes you colored Darker Brazilians are often more excluded and poorer gt USA gt Hispanics considered a race or ethnicity o Suggests that is the only ethnicity that can be a race gt lntermarriage between whites and colors used to mean the loss of the white gt status 132nd of colored blood automatically made you colored Q Obama is half black and half white yet is seen as the rst black president Italians Irish Greeks gt Considered white but not received as whites in the USA gt USA wanted to preserve the purity of white culture gt Ethnicities shift after 911 middleeastern became an ethnicity Individual Racism gt Lack of respectsuspicion for others that are a different race gt Attacks on other races are both unintentional and intentional Institutional Racism gt Racial inequality in schoolschurches etc Racial Ideology gt USA believed that slavery was natural gt Ideas become ingrained in people39s minds gt Colorblindness is the best way to end discrimination Whiteness gt Have tremendous amount of powerprivilege gt White Privilege o Bene ciaries of normsvaluesinstitutions Ethnicity as an Identity Substitutes race in the USA Often paired with minorities A connection to a group of people that share the same history Strong force of solidarity Rises in strength in situations of con ict tension opportunity Is an quotOrganization of cultural differencequot VVVVVV Ethnic Boundarv Markers gt Collective names practices clothing and architecture are shared Common ancestors association with territorylanguagereligion A uid and exible notion ElfIdenti cation that changes with location Mexican Americans Little India in NY symbolic of Indian Culture gt Gay Indians though identify as Indians excluded from Indian Day Parade gt gt gt gt EthnoCorporation gt Marketing of ethnicIdentity gt Ethnicity is promoted to create economic projects Ex Casinos and Native Americans


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