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Introduction to Visual Arts: Chapter 3 Notes

by: Suzannah Hudson

Introduction to Visual Arts: Chapter 3 Notes 115-01

Marketplace > Brigham Young University - Idaho > Art > 115-01 > Introduction to Visual Arts Chapter 3 Notes
Suzannah Hudson
GPA 3.75

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About this Document

These are the notes for the week of Chapter 3
Intro to Visual Arts
Geddes, Matthew J
Class Notes
Art, Visual Arts, Humanities, history, painting, sculpture
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Suzannah Hudson on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 115-01 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Geddes, Matthew J in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro to Visual Arts in Art at Brigham Young University - Idaho.


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Date Created: 03/21/16
Stonehenge: 3100 B.C.E (south of England)  May be marked as a graveyard or a ruling dynasty.  Held meaning for the Neolithic community (New Stone Age) Themes:  Exploring the elusive concept of “aboutness.”  To consider some broad areas of meaning that have been reflected in the arts of many cultures throughout history.  Provide a framework for exploring how complex a form of expression it can be.  Eight Major Themes: The Sacred Realm, Politics and Social Order, Stories and Histories, Looking Outward: The Here and Now, Looking Inward: The Human Experience, Invention and Fantasy, The Natural World, Art and Art. Iconoclasm: Derived from the Greek for “image breaking,” it is used to describe a way of destroying images, especially ones set up for religious practice. One side of a debate that raged for over a century is the Christian Empire of Byzantium. This happens because rulers believe that their citizens are worshipping idolatry. Pyramids of Giza:  There are 3 pyramids  Served as the tombs for Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu  The largest pyramid belonged to Khufu  Reflects the immense powers of the pharaohs Guernica:  Pablo Picasso, 1937  Depicts an event that took place during the Spanish Civil War, when a coalition of conservative, traditional, and fascist forces led by General Francisco Franco were trying to topple the liberal government of the fledgling Spanish Republic.  On April 28, 1937, the Germans bombed the town of Guernica, the old Basque capital in Northern Spain; it was simply an experiment to see whether aerial bombing could wipe out a whole city.  25ft long, 12ft tall, done in complete black and white with greys Robert Rauschenberg:  1925-2008, born in Port Arthur, Texas  Lived in New York in the 1960’s  Treated his canvas like a gigantic page in a scrapbook  He found that the visual impact of daily life had outgrown the ability of any single image to convey it.  Windward, 1963, oil and silkscreened in on canvas  Originally wanted to be a pharmacist, but gave up on it when he flunked out of college.  Paintings, prints, costume design, graphic design and more  Spent his late years with ROCI, the Rauschenberg Overseas Culture Interchange, its goal promoting international friendship, understanding, and peace. Triptych: A three-section panel of paintings Katsushika Hokusai:  1760-1849, born in Edo (Now call Tokyo)  Japanese painter and woodcut designer  At age 18, was sent to be an apprentice to the print designer Katsukawa Shunsho  Would often produce his artwork quickly, and cast it off to the floor. Once the house was too dirty, he would up and leave, along with his wife.  He was indifferent to money, and even though he was successful, he often was starving. Aegean & Greek World  Begins about 3000 B.C.E  3 major Aegean cultures; Cycladic, Minoan, Mycenaean Cycladic:  Contained statuette figures of nude women like the Venus of Willendorf, though consisted more of abstract, geometric shapes  We know almost nothing about the people who made their art. Minoan:  Centered in Knossos  Can be traced to 2000 B.C.E  Name is created by the ancient king Minos, whose wife gave birth to the Minotaur  Art left from this culture told us they were a lighthearted, cheerful people devoted to games and sports  Toreador Fresco, 1500 B.C.E, features the Minoans special animal, the Bull. Mycenaean:  Is called Mycenaean because it was formed around the city Mycenae.  Flourished on the south coast of the Greek mainland  From 1600-1100 B.C.E  Built palaces and temples, but they’re most noted for their elaborate burial customs and tombs  Probable the Egypt was also the source of their great supplies of gold, for they were the mast goldsmiths GREECE:  Their political ideas serve as a model for contemporary Democracy  Techne: things requiring a special body of knowledge and skill to make  Egyptian art was influenced among the Greek artists and sculptors  Statues of naked men and women for funerals were called Kouroi (men) and Korai (women)  These statues were created during the Archaic period of Greek art.  Sculptors worked hard to study the bodies of people and make their art become lifelike, which will lead to naturalism  Men’s bodies were a form of beauty and open for public display. Women were confined to the domestic life, which means their bodies were not for display, either in life or art.  The two life size bronze statues of warriors called The Riace Warriors were created during the Classical period of Greek art, from 480-323 B.C.E  The Parthenon built in Athens, Greece in the Acropolis. It was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, it is a Doric-style temple. Made with Marble  The last phase of Greek art is known as Hellenistic. It spread to Asia Minor, Egypt, and Mesopotamia, lands which had be conquered by the Greek ruler Alexander the Great  Aphrodite of Melos, a statue of the Greek goddess of love, Aphrodite.


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