Introduction to Visual Arts: Chapter's 6&7
Introduction to Visual Arts: Chapter's 6&7 115-01
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Suzannah Hudson on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 115-01 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Geddes, Matthew J in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 100 views. For similar materials see Intro to Visual Arts in Art at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 03/21/16
Chapter 6 Leonardo Da Vinci 14521519 Painted the Guernica but also created a rough sketch of it before its nal form Raised in Vinci at age 15 he then went on to be an apprentice of a Florentine artist by the name of Andrea del Verrocchio 1482 left Florence for Milan where he became an of cial artist Created The Last Supperin Milan His sketches and written records indicated that Da Vinci was a sculptor but no examples remain There are only about a dozens of paintings that are his that we have today but several are un nished What we know about Da Vinci are hundreds of his sketches and drawings from his notebook In 1507 he was appointed as the court painter for the King of France Louis Xll Did not marry did not make a lot of close relations Drawings Never really put in nal form and shown used mostly for prep work for a different project Considered the artist39s private note taking Drawing media39s can be divided into two groups dry median and liquid media Paper a material we associate closely with drawing From the Latin word papyrus which the ancient romans used to designate both a plant that grew along the banks of the Nile River and the writing material that the ancient Egyptians made from it Was invented in China in 105 BCE Made by Cal Lun Made from ne plant bers beaten to a pulp mixed with water then spread in a thin layer over a ne mesh surface and left to dry Before a piece of paper can be used it must be sized treated with a substance such as starch or glue to make it less absorbent Pigment coloring material plant rock soil insects Binder a substance that binds pigment to the support allows it to be shaped into sticks for dry media to be suspended in uid for liquid media and to adhere to the drawing surface Graphite a soft crystalline for of carbon rst discovered in the 16th century a naturally occurring drawing medium Metal Point the ancestor of the graphite pencil is an old technique that was especially popular during the Renaissance era Few artists use it now because it is not very forgiving of mistakes Ground a preliminary coating of paint that is covered over a drawing surface Charcoal Charred wood Crayons and Pastels made of powdered pigments the same used to make paints mixed with a binder For Crayons the binder is greasy or waxy For Pastels they consist of pigment bound with a nongreasy binder such as a solution of gum Arabic which are natural gums made from hardened sap Chalk a kind of soft white limestone There is black chalk a composite of carbon and clay red chalk iron oxide and clay and white chalk calcite or calcium carbonate Medium name of material or process chalk graphite paint Vehicle moves the pigment and the binder to the support paint brush quill Support the foundation paper wall face upon which the image is created Liquid Media Pen and ink generally consist of ultra ne particles of pigment suspended in water with a binder such as gum arabic added to hold the particles in suspension and help them adhere to the drawing surface Wash ink diluted with water and applied with a brush Brush and ink brushes can be wielded boldly and brutally or with great delicacy and re nement Conceptual Art art in which the idea presented by the artist is considered more important than the nished product if there is one Chapter 7 Encaustic paints that consist of pigment mixed with wax and resin When the colors are heated the wax melts and the paint can be brushed easily When the wax cools the paint hardens After the painting is completed there may be a nal quotburning inquot as a heat source is passed close to the surface of the painting to fuse the colors Fresco pigments are mixed with water and applied to a plaster support usually a wall or a ceiling coated in plaster Fresco Secco Italian for quotdry frescoquot when the plaster is dry Buon Fresco Italian for quottrue frescoquot in which the paint made simply for pigment and water is applied to wet lime plaster Egg Tempera The most famous tempera vehicle It dries very quickly and so colors cannot be blended easily once they are set down Oil paints that consist of pigment compounded with oil usually linseed oil Oil acts as a binder creating as it dries a transparent lm in which the pigment is suspended Jacob Lawrence 19172000 Came from Philadelphia to Harlem Studied at the Harlem Art Workshop from 19321934 By age 20 he began to exhibit his artwork His artwork always conveyed the hardships of the poor and the discriminated After his art work became well known he started to teach at schools Glazes thin veils of translucent color applied over a layer of opaque paint Alla Prima Italian for quotall in one goquot the painting was completed all at once in a single session though in fact it may only look that way lmpasto Using a heavily loaded brush the artist will pile the paint up in a thick texture Watercolor consists of pigment in a vehicle of water and gum arabic a sticlq plant substance that acts as a binder Acrylic the vehicle consists of acrylic resin polymerized its simple molecules linked into long chains through emulsion in water As it dries the resin particles coalesce to form a tough exible and waterproof lm Collage A French word that means quotpastingquot and quotgluingquot It is the practice of attaching actual objects such as paper or cloth to the surface of a canvas or some other support as well as to the resultant artwork Aqueous of or containing water typically as a solvent or medium NonAqueous made from with or by means of a liquid other than water Christianity 0 Jesus was born during the reign of Augustus Became one of the most popular religions in the Roman Empire Constantine was the one who allowed every religion to practice freely and he himself became a Christian Byzantium was Christian 0 State and church were intertwined in Constantinople Byzantine artists moved away from the naturalism and realism of Greek art and moved toward a atten abstracted art 0 A distinctive form of Byzantine art is an icon a scared person or a portrayal of a sacred event Medias for Byzantine art ivory metal and mosaics The Middle Ages is the name that historians long ago gave to the period in Europe between the defeat of the last western Roman emperor and the beginnings of the Renaissance It was a dark decline an embarrassing middle time Europe was formed during the middle ages and the Christian religion owered it Important artistic products of the early ages were Christian scriptures The middle ages were a time of intense religious preoccupation in Europe The gothic style lasted in northern Europe until the early 16th century
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