Week 2 Notes
Week 2 Notes LIN 103A
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Rufino on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LIN 103A at University of California - Davis taught by Michelle Cohn in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Linguistic Analysis 1 in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Phone cs 0 Scienti c study of speech sounds Three branches of phonetics 1Acoustic phonetics Study of the physical characteristics of speech 2 Auditory phonetics The perception of speech by the auditory system eg cochlea primary auditory cortex etc 3Articuatory phonetics How the vocal organs produce speech eg tongue lips teeth etc International Phonetic Alphabet IPA Developed in 1887 by the lnternation Phonetic Association Represents all sounds of languages Onetoone correspondence between sound symbol WTERMTIQNAL PHONETIC ALPHABET raised 11 1993 CQHEUNWS PWUNIC 39 Eilabil WEEEEEIEI Dental l Alvm Miami VEIEI Uvu ar Phnrymgm FIUEiEFE b t I I k Q q Miami 111 II 11 I11 11 I N is Trill E R TapurFlap F native Q3 Lateral itsaliva Appmxima t g g imant 1 Iquot i L 313 appaar in mm the manE I ma Iigl a viaiced mnmanl swam gimme arLiculatimms jmgms blgh CITE 50 5mm may 13 a EaUPMSEGWALs mm Jim MEETS mm imbued Implnswes Ej mves Emmy Elm fDUHQItIIa LEEFEL y 3me 390 Hullabja E E hi min I 53de Emmi 39 39 I E w Edging I Dental d Dentalmlwular p Eilahiul I 1mg 6 quot39 j quot 1 I I Ham er 6 High 6 quot Falling Ptmmlm Palata t Denta alve ilm H mg 1 MM 395 391 High mm 39 5 E lIll n E 39 39 quot I 4 Palatmlveulm velar velar E I G g i I A G S Sy lla blebmk JLBEkl E m E L w sing I Mmlarllm ra Uvula Alvwl i f ca w 39 h I I m Exam up I hhm m gmw B J law E 1 Rising HI VDWELS Maj EmmaHam39ng L mme 239quot lubnll rim 39c39 anl Central Back 5 Un i hcmDfamk T ulm p 5 3131331 m1 Cl gel39F i H Jill11 r g I Y DEA39CRITICS Hamlin mayhe aced abnvewymbul witha esmndmmag Vai lm 11 d Emmy yuim t Dental Closem E 3 3 35 5 quot quot g V mm g g H Cranky mm Apical E h h h 39 wmmm E 3 3G A a Aspiratecl 11 lingualalaial L j d Lamina E W H H E j Mmmn e Lahimim tw dw Hasslim E open a 1 E E Lessrmmd39re J Pala aliml IE 39dJ n Hm Iii1mg In wavera yym bu ls amminpaj 1h gumla IEright I Emama mum2d Ewe1 nlvamcad 1g Y Vela md ITlr 1111391r Lame release 11 I 39 I E T i 39I DEER SWEDLS E Hammad l Euaaxjrnga liz d d Nu udllbk mime Ermmlesslahi evelm im w G dvmlusml l lf a m n W Vnimdhbialvelarappm mam s1 Alva291am lateral ag E u hmd V mwdmm E gamma 2 x x L1 Vnimdllahhalmpala39ml apprmimam Simm tamenusj39an ix Mi aaemmiiwd E L Rajmed g 54 svm alvenlarfrim w H Vmimlegs Epiglnmal friamtive mrimtn mud dmbi a iLMIH lms can be mpm em by WH I Syllabus J Lnwmd i E vniced bilabial apprmimm g Wm Epigmlt l ica39njxm symbEl j im hya h if 339 139 5 139 2 Em a Nunwsy aibi Advaum Turn Eng RM Epiglsmal 3me n 39 n E 4 I quotiquot Rilmtiuity 3quot Renata magma Emt g Describing Sounds Place and manner of articulation in EngHsh 1Voicing Voiced or Voiceless 2 Place of Articulation What articulators are used to create the sound 3 Manner of Articulation How is the airstream manipulated Bilabial Sounds Manner Oral stop plosive Voiceless p Voiceless b 1 Complete obstruction of air by the articulators 2 Build up of intraoral air pressure 3 A release Manner Nasal stop Voiced m 1 Complete closure in the oral cavity 2 Lowered velum 3 Air escapes through the nasal cavity Manner Approximant Voiced w 1 Slight narrowing of vocal tract 2 Can be centraor lateral depending on whether air ows over central or around lateral the tongue Gides continued gliding motion of articulators w j Laterals air ows around the sides of tongue I Rhotics quotrquot sounds J Labiodental Sounds Manner Fricative Voiceless f Voiced v 1 Articulators are very close creating a constriction in the airstream 2 quotHissingquot or buzzing sound Dental Sounds Voiceless 6 39mrough 39bom Voiced o 39mem 39bomer Alveolar Sounds Manner Oral Stop Voiceless t Voiced d Manner Nasal Stop Voiced n Manner Tap Flap Voiced r 39bu er 39la er 1 Tongue makes a single tap against a passive articulator 2 Voicing continues Manner Fricative Voiceless s Voiced z Manner Central Approximant Voiced J Lateral Approximant Voiced I Postalveloar Sounds Manner Fricative VoicelessI 39 oes 39fre Voiced3 39measure 39beige Manner Affricate 1 Stop immediately followed by a fricative 2 The stop releases into a fricative keeping the articulators close Voiceless t 39Qerry 39hurch I Voiced d3 39gem judge Palatal Sounds Manner Approximant Voiced j 39yellow 39yours Velar Sounds Manner Oral stop Voiceless k Voiced g Manner Nasal stop Voiced 0 Manner Approximant Voiced w Glottal sounds Manner Oral stop Voiceless 39uh oh 39ki en Manner Fricative Voiceless h 39 ope 39 ot dog Vowels Describing Vowels 1 Tongue height 2 Tongue backness 3 Tense Lax 4 Lip rounding Height Relative closeness of the tongue to the roof of the mouth Backness Relative distance of the tongue to the front of the mouth ie the lips Tenseness Relatively more muscle tension production longer Also relatively advanced or retracted tongue root Lax Can end a word with a tense vowel Front Near fruzlt Een tra Near back tack Mae 1 Hear tige G A 39 WGWEIE at right left fbull ts are rounded Er unfunded 11351 mid pen rnicl H EI E E I pen Examples High Front Hbeat I bit Mid Front eeI bait a bet Low Front ae bat Mid Central a about A but High Back u boot 6 put Mid Back ooo boat a coffee like with an accent from Boston Low Back 0 bomb Diphthongs Combines two vowels to make a sound ie eeI o 06 Phonetic Transcription 1 Broad phonetically general but speci c enough to refer to particular words tene 39tenth 2 Narrow as phonetically detailed as possible thcnn 6 39tenth