Lecture 5 History 1063
Popular in Early US History
Popular in History
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Ward on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Andrew Lang in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 125 views. For similar materials see Early US History in History at Mississippi State University.
Reviews for Lecture 5
These were really helpful...I'll be checking back regularly for these
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/11/15
Lecture Five Confederation and Constitution 17811789 The Confederation Government AThe Articles of Confederation ultimately failed BPubic Land Policy a One of the Article s few successes 1 Land Ordinance of 1785 a Allowed the governemt to create new states by carving up the new lands 2 Northwest Ordinance 1787 a Provided a process by which new territory was governed by Congress unti enough people lived in the area they could write a state Constitution and petition Congress for statehood i Thomas Jefferson decided new states could not have saves Cnternationa Affairs a The new United States was weak with no foreign in uence 1 Problems with Britain and Spain a England had troops in the Midwest and the newly formed United States could not do anything about them being there b England pitied the natives against the US to create imbalance c Spain would not respect them DDomestic Affairs 1 Economic Depression a Almost immediately after the war the US went into economic depression i The war debts had to be paid back 2State Government reactions Rhode Island and Massachusetts a The states would not help citizens out with debts b States simply decided to print more money c Rhode Island caused in ation and economic coHapse d Massachusetts did not care that their local farmers were in crippling debts EShay s Rebellion 1786 a b C In Massachusetts Peope began to be thrown into debtor s prison Daniel Shay and followers stormed the debtor s courts in protest Shay escaped to Vermont and was captured d Was sentenced to death but was ultimately pardoned e England enjoyed watching the US struggling with balance F Democracy and Threats to Property a Thoughts that too much power was now in the states and with the people The Constitutional Convention 1787 A Road to Philadelphia a 55 delegates met trashed the Articles of Confederation and created a new document B The Founders a Thomas Jefferson called these delegates demigods Many had signed the Declaration of Independence C Balancing Power and Liberty a The rst task of the convention was to give the government the power it needs while securing personal liberties D The Problems of Federalism a The relationship between the national government and state government was rocky E Compromises 1 Great Compromise a This compromise created the House of Representatives that sent a number of delegates based on population size and the Senate that sent 2 delegates from each state regardless of population 2 Three Fifths Compromise a Three fths of the population of slaves counted towards to total population of the state to decide the number of delegates for the House of Representatives F quotSovereign Union of Sovereign Statesquot a Issues with sovereignty Who holds the power b The Constitution allowed equal distribution of power between the National Government and the State Governments G Who Interprets the Constitution a Who exactly interprets the constitution was not stated in the constitution b Article One Section Eight The Necessary and Proper Cause was controversial H A Stronger National Government a Power was separated into three branches with a checks andbalances system 1 Executive a The President and Cabinet b Executive is checked by Congress 2 National Judiciary a The Court System b Judiciary is checked by the President c Supreme Court was not originally to interpret the Constitution 3 Congress a House of Representatives and Senate b Checked by the people I Restrictions on the States a The Constitution takes some powers away from the states lll Meaning of the Constitution ABetrayal of the Revolution a A logical end to the Revolution not betrayal IV Rati cation 17871788 a The Constitution had to be rati ed by 90f 13 A Federalists vs Anti Federalists a interest groups not political parties b Federalists favored the Constitution many wrote it generally younger c Anti Federalists were skeptical of the Constitution they believed the document would cause tyranny B The Federalists Papers Madison Hamilton and Jay a 85 essays by Madison Hamilton and Jay defending the Constitution C Bill of Rights 17891791 a Virginia and New York wanted civil liberties to be written down Said they would agree if a Bill of Rights would be added 1st Amendment What the government cannot do
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'