American Founding Documents
American Founding Documents POL S 201
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POL S 201
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anthony Johnson on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL S 201 at University of Cincinnati taught by Christine DeStefano in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Political Theory in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Week VII Early American Founding Documents May ower Compact 0 Express consent 0 Purpose and Limits Common good 0 Contract v Covenant For the Puritans covenant was a sacred bond Religious bond is the root of Puritan political society A Model of Christian Charity 0 Winthrop Delivered onboard Arabella Sent by Massachusetts Bay Company 0 Royal charter Winthrop appointed to be governor of the colony Founder of Boston 0 Establishment of government 0 The Fact of Inequality The Value of Interdependence Makes this inequality inconsequential Purpose of government to Winthrop Greater than the individual level of good Argues that inequality formulates this mutual interdependence To live out the faith that colonists share 0 Mutual means created by god 0 Natural Law and Religious Law Mutual Sacri ce Living in Grace in accordance with the Bible 0 Doing all we can and more to help the community 0 The Civic Bond Creating Citizens Ability to see each others39 needs as important as our own needs 0 Sharing of burdens Binding force of society compassion through sacri ce Political Community 0 This entirety is worth more than individuals 0 The Common Good Purpose of the State they were founding Project of mutual consent 0 Work out the Lord and to mutual salvation Intrinsic value of politics 0 A City on a Hill American Exceptionalism is born Belief that Winthrop and the Company were to be judged by God Idealism of a Christian community Striving to be the envy of the world 0 Model society if all citizens contribute Must be earned Extra work scrutiny and examination Threat of damnation and wrath if the society fails More than individualism in this founding state Story of mutual enrichment Sacri ce as a political mechanism Moral guidelines rather than laws 0 o Equality Material inequality 0 Rich and poor as a good Equals because all men have equal claim 0 To have our needs met 0 To take our needs as an equal part of the Commonwealth o A mattering to our fellow citizens Relationship surpasses that of pure reciprocity The Declaration of Independence 0 Political Equality and Liberty 0 Democratic Writing Daniel Allen contemporary theorist and writer Author of Declaration not one person 0 Series of people 0 Agreement and disagreement Composition of the document as democratic Thomas Jefferson Father of the University of Virginia 0 Author of the US Constitution 0 Has a claim to being one of the principle drafters 0 However his version is quite different 0 Selected because he had plenty time Philadelphia 0 Ben Franklin and John Adams edited Majority of references to God Clarify his argument Congressional Editing 0 Two full days of discussion 0 Signi cant changes Slavery passage annulled 0 America s Equality as a People Purpose of document Allowing people to divorce from their government Addressed to a candid world existence of an America Addressed to the people of Great Britain failed attempts Addressed to other Americans internal presentation Lockean Ideology 0 People are a body prior to the political structure 0 Politics serving purpose to bene t the People 0 Crown viewed People as a tool 0 State of Things terrible enough to declare revolution Five components to explain the overall Declaration o The Logic of Equality Equality entitles us to selfgovernment Government of our own design Capable of burning our own consent 0 Purpose of government to live in selfgoverning society 0 Ongoing Evaluation and Conversation Conditional and uncertain language Declaration making a statement 0 How we determine our happiness 0 How we determine our rights Deliberation and discussion over what government o If mistaken correctable and reevaluation Openended discussion of government and purpose 0 The Charges SelfGovernment The Constitution 0 A Recipe for Collective SelfRule o The Preamble What is The Constitution For Founding and Refounding Balance of Liberty and Equality Liberalism and Republicanism 0 Politics existing for the purpose of equality Liberalist tradition Caring for the mechanisms of selfgovernment Enabling other people to take part in 0 Participation in the state necessary to ensure freedom Republican tradition Rooted in the idea of small governments The Debate over Rati cation The AntiFederalists o The Fear of the Consolidated State 0 The Danger of Disagreement and the Virtues of Homogeneity 0 Trust and Virtue Do not trust the distant and overly powerful federal government They trust the people instead who are close at hand Federalists o Faction Controlling the effects 0 Hobbesian Civil Society 0 Extending the Sphere 0 Checks and Balances Ambition Counteracting Ambition Constitutional Design vs Active Citizenship 0 Liberty vs SelfGovernment Refounding 0 Lincoln on the Duties of Citizenship 0 Repairing and Refounding the Polity