Medieval Europe Notes
Medieval Europe Notes 1020-01
Popular in World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800
Popular in History
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiana Thompson on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1020-01 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Michele White in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Medieval Europe 8001300 Social Order amp Economic Expansion I Intro Post Roman Empire 0 500 AD and the Carolingian Empire 0850 AD a Roman Empire was at constant warfare with each other and surrounding areas b The Carolingian Empire i Charlemagne King of Franks 768814 amp Holy Roman Emperor 800 814 ii Peace was restored iii Rise of kingdom II Rise of Feudalism a Context The collapse of the Carolingian Empire and the invasions of the 9th and 10th centuries Muslims Magyars and Vikings i Collapse happened under Charlemagne s grandsons ii Invasions 1 Muslims 2 Magyars 3 Vikings a ALL THREE WOULD ATTACK ON DIFFERENT DAYS SO THE PEOPLE WERE ALWAYS ON ALERT b THEY LIVED A DAY TO DAY EXISTENCE iii Feudalism a region was governed by individual lords who administered their own estates dispensed their own justice levied taxes and tolls and demanded military service from vassals 1 Begin act of a powerful individual a Staking a claim to territory b Social Structure i Lord Knights had fiefs Peasants 90 were surfs 0 Rights and Obligations i Lords Protection of all 1 Went around their land to check on the knights 2 Saved money doing that and surveyed the land ii Knights 1 Minimum of 40 days a year of military service 2 Sat on lords courts and helped settle disputes 3 House and entertain the lord when he showed up in your neck of the woods 4 Pay tribute to the lord gifts when sons were knighted and when daughters were married 5 When became a knight you swore an oath of loyalty to put Lords interest above own Oath of Fealty iii Surfs 1 Lived in the Manor 2 Served their Lord their lord was the knight 3 Worked the land labor a Demean Lords harvest 4 Rendered services a Mill grain b Baking c Blacksmiths d Etc 5 Bound to the land 6 Pay rent 7 Limited on mobility a Could not leave manor without the lords permission iv Three Field System 1 Peasant village is divided into three parts a 1St Field sown with one crop b 2nd Field sown with another crop c 3rd Field left to lie fallow 2 Fields were rotated each year 3 23 of land came into annual use 4 Increase in supply of food 111 An Agricultural Revolution during this period a 10001300 i Dramatic population growth 36 million 79 million b Stability and peace were created c There was more food i More land was cultivated ii Carruca heavy plow made of iron 1 Horses were used a Collar harness was made b Horse shoes were made iii Wind amp water power 1 Prime source until 18th century