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History 150: Exam 3 material

by: Rachel Rusnak

History 150: Exam 3 material 150

Marketplace > Ball State University > History > 150 > History 150 Exam 3 material
Rachel Rusnak
GPA 3.2

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The Aftermath of WWI
The West in the World
Dr. Malone
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 03/21/16
3/21/16: The Aftermath of WWI The Aftermath of World War I ***test questions***  The war ended at 11:00 a.m. on November 11, 1918.  Human cost: o People had not seen numbers like this before. o Many of them were young men. o Nearly 9 million men were killed.  ½ of the German soldiers killed were under 25 years old.  2/3 of the British soldiers killed were under 30 years old.  Commemoration of the war dead: o Needed to mark the men that gave their life during the war. o Made a dot on the landscape of many countries after the war. o These became a visible reminder of this deadly war.  War memorials.  The soldier as a statue was a very popular representation/ form of the memorial.  The base of the memorial had the names of the soldiers from that area that did not return home.  A novel approach to commemoration.  Rolls of honor.  Names appeared in places where that person had been associated. o Churches. o Schools. o Train stations.  1  Armistice Day.  November 11, 1919. o New ritual introduced at 11:00 a.m. in Britain.  All regular activity came to a standstill to remember those that did not return home.  The Two Minute Silence. o Many rituals of remembrance for   disastrous   events   came after this introduction.  Disability. o About 1.5 million German men and about ¾ of a million British men were disabled. o British disability pension scheme.  Paid on commission for the specific injury. o Facial injuries.  The war stimulated the introduction of plastic surgery.  Long, intense, and painful process. 3/21/16: The Aftermath of WWI  Development in the creations of masks.  The French called these men ‘the men with the broken faces’. o Francis Derwent Wood.  A sculpture before the war.  Became famous for the masks he created for the soldiers that had facial disfigurement.   Light weight.  Made from metal.  Very thin. o Painful to wear when the metal rubbed against the sensitive skin.  The Peace Settlement: o The Treaty of Versailles.  Signed between he allied powers and Germany on June 28, 1919.  The Big Three. o David Lloyd George.  Britain.  Wanted to “make Germany pay.” o Georges Clemenceau.  France.  Wanted   “revenge”   and   “security   for France.” o Woodrow Wilson.  United States.  Wanted a “fair and just peace.”  Significant provisions:  Germany lost their colonies.  Germany was required to surrender territory in Europe.  The   Rhineland   area   of   Germany   was   declared   a demilitarized zone.  Germany was forbidden to possess an air force, reduce its army to 100,000, and cut back its navy.  “War Guilt” clause: o Germany had to accept responsibility of starting the war. o Reparation payments.  At   the   conference   they   declared   that Germany would pay $5 billion a year until 1921.  In 1921 Germany was to pay $33 billion in war damages over the next 30 years.


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