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Chapter 7 Notes

by: Katlyn Burkitt

Chapter 7 Notes PY 101 - Intro to Psychology

Katlyn Burkitt
GPA 3.2
Dr. Girio-Herrera

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About this Document

Here are the notes of the key terms in chapter 7 of the textbook
Dr. Girio-Herrera
Class Notes
chapter 7, Psychology, towson
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katlyn Burkitt on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 101 - Intro to Psychology at Towson University taught by Dr. Girio-Herrera in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY in Psychlogy at Towson University.

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Date Created: 10/11/15
Chapter 7 Memm The act of inputting information into memory the stored code that represents a piece of information stored in memory The place where information is retained in memory The process of accessing information in memory and pulling it into consciousness An organism39s ability to focus on its environment the conscious use of memory Ex Searching for the correct answer on an exam the unconscious use of memory Ex Walking to class without paying attention to how you get there A part of memory that brie y stores sensory impressions so that we can extract information from them for further processing Primary way we store information Function 0 5 to hold information just long enough to pass it to the shc at has a low capacity and short duration memory that works to store memories fnr a Innn npriod w Informatio Short term nStimulus Sensory Me 39nory Si M Long term I MemoryLTM IN where memories are than one format vi Separai er quotchunksquot so that 39 Short term memory is like a bookshelf the size of the memoriesinformation determine how much it can hold Repeating information over and over to keep it in you short term memory longer Ex Trying to remember the phone number someone told you as you walk to nd something to write it down Transferring short term memories into long term memories Storing the information in long term memory by connecting it to things you already know and understand The amount of learned information forgotten over time predicts that information processed deeply and elaborately will be best retained The tendency for words from the beginning of a list to be remembered better than the middle of the list The tendency for words from the end of a list to be remembered better than the middle of the list A multifaceted component of longterm memory that contains short term memory Using information from the long term memory in the present moment Comparison ThreeStages Model Working Memory Model What are the components of the memory system Memory consists of three separate stages Sensory memory STM and LTM Memory consists of several interacting components Sensory Memory Working Memory and Long Term Memory What is the relationship between the short term and long term memory systems STM is a single component that is separate from LTM Working memory is a multicomponent part of LTM that includes STM central executive phonological loop and visuospatial sketch pad How does memory operate Memory operates in a serial manner Memory operates in a parallel fashion To what degree does the model explain realworld behavior The threestages model cannot easily explain cognitive processes such Because the working memory model is parallel it can better account for other cognitive processes as top down processing top down processing and Modeled after Review on page 282 Long term memorv encoding Stores the general meaning of infor Organized generalized knowledge structure in lc memories that are easily verbalize Memories from recent life events Memories for our past our personal history Memory for concepts Long term memory for skills and behaviors Ex Remembering your password only when typing it into the computer Long term memory for skills and behaviors Ex Remembering your password only when typing it into the computer Amnesia A person is unable to retrieve long term memories previously created but can create new ones A person is unable to store new long term memories Recognition and recall The way we retrieve information when we are given a probe or quotquestionquot that has very little information for us to use in answering the question Ex An essay on an Exam A type of retrieval process in which the probe or cue contains a great deal of information including what is being looked for quotDon39t use it you lose itquot a theory that states that if information is not activated regularly then the memory will degrade over time Forgetting someone39s name after not seeing them for years Knowing information but being unable to recall it When older memories inhibit new memories Inability to remember someone39s married name after knowing their maiden name initially when new information inhibits the retrieval of old information Inability to remember your previous address but you know your current address When we are only able to recall information in the way it was encoded or initiay remembered You can only remember someone39s name if you see them in the exact same setting as they rst introduced themselves Threatening memories are pushed into the unconscious and made inaccessible Trauma of any sort An unusually detailed memory form an emotional events When you fell in love wedding tragedy etc a memory that is based on the retrieval of memory traces that contained actual details of our experiences Memory that uses knowledge and expectations to ll in missing details in retrieved memory traces The distortion of memory that occurs when people are misinformed the stabilization and storage of memory traces in the brain


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