Cognitive Psychology Lecture Notes
Cognitive Psychology Lecture Notes PSYC 3530
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ti'Ana_BKC20 on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3530 at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York taught by Kevonte Mitchell in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Psychlogy at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
9215 Objective Truth vs Subjective Truth 1 Objective Truth relates more to Parminedes Parminedes believed there is no change in the world 2 Subjective Truth relates more to Heraclitus believed that there is change in the world Quantitative vs Qualitative 1 Quantitative is using number 2 Qualitative is using words Looking Inward for Answers Wihem WundtD lntrospection Behaviorism BF Skinner Mind as a Black Box Being that we cannot measure what goes on in the mind we measure the stimulant that goes into the mind and record the response that comes from the stimulant Crafting an Argument 1 Make a claim For example quotMen are nishedquot 2 Deliver an argument For example quotMen will no longer dominate leadership positions in industryquot 3 Support your argument For example quotMore women attend college College prepares industry leaders Thus more women will be leadersquot 9915 Structure of IPS Information Processing System 1 Input 2 Storage 3 Processor 4 Output Shortterm memory has limited capacity Longterm memory has unlimited capacity Characteristics of the IPS AI human being have some means of input storage processor and output It is universal Human beings have the typical software 91015 Perception 63 Information Processing Johannes Kepler 1604 Determined that what we see is actually upside down but our brain ips the picture right side up Gustav Fechner invented Psychophysics Just Noticeable Differences Fusion Information comes in from both eyes and is broken down The information is then reconstructed How does the mind see Probem of Homunculusl quotA little man who sits inside of the brain and controls the bodyquot Seeing formlj We create form where none exists We can see movement or the lack of movement We can differentiate distance from size 0 Bottom Up vs Top Downl l The order information is processed Top Downl Perceiving the whole then the smaller parts Bottom Upl lPerceiving the smaller parts to understand the larger parts All human beings tend to organizeprocess information in the same way even though there are in nite ways to process them What are we actually seeing Representation You actually haven39t seen anything your mind is creating a virtual display you haven39t seen anything outside of your own mind 0 Direct Perception You can actually see what is being displayed 91615 Attention Attentionl The ability to focus mental resources on something Attention is limited multimodal and it exists consciously and unconsciously Selective Attentionl The ability to focus on something39s but not others Cocktail Party ProblemD How do we listen to a person or thing in a loud area and how do we hear our name Attention Theories EarlvSelection Theories The information is selected early on and what is processed is based on that quotFilters out all of the crapquot Attenuation Model Anne Treisman Our mind has a dictionary stored and is able to pick up certain words for comprehension Late Selection Theory Donald Mackay We process everything in the beginning and process what39s important Perceptual Load Theorv Nilli Lavie Mnitive Loadl l Attention is limited High Load Tasksl You won t have enough attention to deal with other things Low Load Tas l Divided Attentionl l Multitasking
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