Psychology Notes (week before spring break)
Psychology Notes (week before spring break) Psyc 2010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Silseth on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2010 at Auburn University taught by Seth A Gitter in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychlogy at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/21/16
Psychology Friday Before Spring Break Notes 3/7/16 -3/11/16 Emotions - Behavioral responses/ Emotional responses <- Ex) Smiling - Physical Behaviors <- Ex) Sweaty Palms Affect - Automatic evaluation, good/bad - Initial response that people have to a life event - Valence: feeling better/worse than you did previously o Change in arousal (more or less aroused) st - Comes on very quickly, 1 thing we feel, lasts between 15 & 45 minutes. Mood - Long-lasting good/bad feeling - Not tied to a significant life event - Lasts a long time, usually days - Less intense, we can feel bad and not know why Emotion - Specific feelings based on physiological responses - Affect is how an emotion starts** - Subjective evaluation: based on your interpretation of how you’re feeling. - Cognitive interpretation Physiological Component - James-Lange theory: experience leads to emotion. Emotion causes physical/ biological/ neurological changes. Ex) walking to your car you see a dark figure following you, once you’re aware of the physical surrounding this causes the emotion of fear. o Perspective: we see a tiger which causes fear arousal and then we are scared. - Cannon-Barred theory: the same theory except the arousal state & emotional state experienced are separate. There’s a specific code that causes each emotion - The Pencil Study o Facial feedback hypothesis o The physical change in our face causes us to be aware of emotion They put a marker in their mouth. If they were told to hold it with their lips, it caused them to frown. If they were told to hold it with their teeth, it caused them to smile. It showed that the smiling people felt happier. - The Golf Tee Study o The same thing as the pencil study but they used a golf tee, the angry face made people angrier Both Pencil & Golf Tee Studies support James-Lange & Cannon-Barred Theories Emotions in the Valence/ Arousal model to the left are based on biology. - People have tried to differentiate between thousands of emotions, and have failed. - Physiological processes are important, but then we use subjective theories of reasoning as well. Cognitive Component - Emotions don’t have specific physical experiences/ arousal - Schachter & Singer created the Schachter 2-factor theory. o Arousal/ Affect: you’re feeling an emotion o Cognition: tells you what the emotion is by using memory o Environmental factor leads to feeling emotions which help you identify the factor. o This theory believed that you could misidentify the factor. Attribution theory of emotion - Test of theory o They injected people with epinephrine (adrenaline) to arouse them ½ Participants were informed it was epinephrine & ½ were told it was a vitamin shot The participants were put in a room with a confederate (acts as a fake participant, works with the researcher) who would act either happy or outraged. The participants would observe how the confederate was acting and would believe that’s how they should be acting as well. 2 They would then fill out an emotion questionnaire assessing if they were happy or angry. o The informed participants felt neither happy nor angry o The uninformed participants felt happy/angry based off if the confederate was happy/angry o The new factor was the adrenaline, but the uninformed participants took the confederate as the new factor Misattribution - Bridge example - Male participants were confronted with an attractive female experimenter after crossing either an old wobbly bridge or a strong stone bridge. - She gave them her phone number for them to ask questions about the experiment at a later date. o Who Called? Men who crossed the scary bridge because they had a higher arousal group. Why? Because the physiological arousal from the bridge caused them to misattribute it to the woman. Universal Emotions - They’re coded in our genes/ part of being human, strong biological component. - Although we have some difficulty in interpreting emotion, some things are constant. - Culture to culture the same things make people feel happy, sad, disgusted, angry, and fearful. - Not just in experience, but also in facial expression. 3