Oct 5-7th Lecture Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janessa Riehle on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
October 5th 7t 2015 Lecture Notes Slave Agency 0 De ning Agency 0 O O O OO O 0 All slaves resisted in some form Violent and nonviolent Resistance was overt and hidden Resistance cannot be categorized as passive slaves had to perform some act or take some stance to be described as resisting Agency is resistance Identifying it s origin intent and effects Agency rooted in the conviction that freedom was a human right and slavery was immoral and ilicit Agency s intent was social change either through long term struggle or immediate action Among agency s most important effects was its exposure of the weaknesses of enslavement Violent Nonviolent Forms of Slave Resistance 0 O Nonviolent hidden forms Feigning domestication and complicity for individual gains slaves in domestic roles commonly used this Pretending to be sick malingering working at a slow pace teaching children about God audacious conduct 0 Religion 0 Brazil Candomble 0 Caribbean Mayal Obeah Santeria Shango Vodu came from Ghana 0 US Black Christians Islam Baptists Vudoo Louisiana African cultural retentions dance dress speech diet festivities socialization of children religion Violent overt actions of agency Revolts and rebellions Often started knowing of high potential for failure nonetheless inspired by the belief that freedom was a right Self mutilation suicide and infanticides Poisoning of slaveholders and overseers of plantation animals Destruction of property Marronage o quotPetit Marronagequot refers to individuals or small groups escaped for short periods days or weeks and then returned 0 quotGrand Marronagequot refers to permanent escape by individuals or small groups 0 Maroon Communities 0 Cuba Palenques gt62 0 Jamaica Winward Leeward o Surinam Maroons Stono Rebellion One of the largest slave uprisings of Colonial America 0 September 7 1739 Southwest Charelston South Carolina 0 Initially slaves took rearms and killed 20 whites and put their heads on steaks numbers increased to about 60 participants 0 Spanish promised the slaves their freedom if they revolted against the English Brutally suppressed 12 of the slave ghters died 12 in ight but most captured and executed Lined to St Augustine FL Spanish freed slaves if they rebelled and made it to Florida 0 The new quotNegro Actquot or quotBlack Codequot to further limit their rights created fear of slave holders Gabriel s Rebellion August 1800 conspiring in Richmond Virginia to capture GovernorJames Monroe they were caught and prosecuted and 25 Gabriel executed two slaves had told their masters about the conspiracy Michael Foucault quotDiscipline and Punishment instilled fear through torture hangings etc spectacles of the punishments of slaves fear obedience Reference to George Washington s ght for Hbe y 0 Period of enlightenment and the French revolution Coming after times of resistance Slaves were acting out not working running away etc 0 He stole a big but he believed he had the right because he worked on the land for his life it s morally right for him to have access to the land animals food etc o Transitioned from nonviolent to violent 0 Important Rebellions 1739 Stono Rebellion South Carolina suppressed 1760 Tacky s War Jamaica suppressed 17911804 Haitian Revolution St D victory 1800 Gabriel s Rebellion Virginia suppressed 1822 Denmark South Carolina suppressed 1831 Nat Turner Virginia suppressed 183132 Baptist War Jamaica suppressed 1839 Amistad ship rebellion off Cuban coast victory 1841 Creole ship rebellion southern US coast victory 1842 Slave revolt in Cherokee Nation southern US suppressed Cherokee owned about 4600 slaves in 1860 0 Agency Constant Rebellion Resistance in the forms of revolts and rebellions ln transit to the coast and barracodes holding for slaves o 1703 Africans overpowered the guards at Ft Sekondi Gold Coast 0 1727 Rebellion in the barracoon at Christansborg Gold Coast 0 On board of ships 0 1532 Portuguese Misericordia 109 slaves from Sao Tome to Elmina lost entire cargo o 1763 Captain Hopkins of the Sally reported a rebellion o 1767 Seven English ships waiting for slaves were attacked by over 30 Africans o 1776 Captain Peleg Clarke slaves were struggling with the crew and jumped overboard In the Americas The Amistad Revolt Muting 1839 Slave trade outlawed in 1808 but Spain was still in agreement with the US and sent slaves in 1839 Abolitionists represented the potential slaves to say it was against the law and they are free 0 The Africans remained free men