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Nervous System

by: Tiffany Matyja

Nervous System

Marketplace > General Science > > Nervous System
Tiffany Matyja
GPA 4.0
AP Psychology

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About this Document

notes about different structures of the brain
AP Psychology
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiffany Matyja on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to at a university taught by in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views.

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Date Created: 10/11/15
2515 Nervous Endocrine System cont functions of neurotransmitters neurotransmitters have 2 functions an excitatory effect means that it is more likely that the receiving neuron will fire an inhibitory effect means that it is less likely that the receiving neuron will fire Vocabulary receptor cells are specialized cells in the sensory systems of the body sensory nerves carry information from sense receptor to the brain and spinal cord interneurons are the billions of neurons in the brain and spinal cord that process information motor neurons carry information away from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands structure of the nervous system CNS includes the brain and spinal cord which are encased in bone for protection PNS includes all sensory and motor nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body the somatic nervous system controls the skeletal muscles the autonomic nervous system controls glands and internal organs sympathetic arouses the body to deal with threats parasympathetic calms the body endocrine system the endocrine system is a system of glands that produce hormones hormones are chemical messengers that circulate through the body in the blood pituitary gland controls other endocrine glands along with the brain The Brain Lower Level Brain Structures the brain stem the oldest part and central core of the brain begins at the bases of the brain the medulla is the base of the brainstem which controls life support functions damage is fatal reticular formation is the nerve network responsible for wakefulness and arousal follows back of brain stem as it rises to the brain damage causes coma the thalamus is the inner chamber located at the top of in the middle of the brain brain s sensory switchboard directs messages to the cortex the cerebellum is the rear of the brainstem controls voluntary and also controls emotions touch the limbic system is a ring of structures at the border of the brain stem and cerebral conex it regulates functions such as memory fear aggression hunger and thirst the hypothalamus the beneath the thalamus it regulates the body s maintenance func ons the hippocampus is shaped like a seahorse and helps process new memories for permanent storage the amygdala is almond shaped and controls emotional responses Cerebral Cortex bark wrinkled outer surface ultimate control of information processing the longitudinal fissure is the fissure that divides the cerebral cortex in to two hemispheres the corpus callous is neural tissue that connects the two brain hemispheres and allows them to communicate to each other there are four brain lobes the frontal lobe is behind the forehead and controls advances cognitive abilities such as judgement and planning it includes the motor cortex the parietal lobe is behind the frontal cortex at the top and rear and includes the somatosensory cortex it controls general processing information such as mathematical reasoning and integration of memory the occipital lobe is at the rear of the cerebral cortex and is the visual processing center the temporal lobe is located above the ears and is the auditory center


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