10.5-10.9 Notes COMM 3333
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Notes 105 The Confederate Flag The Confederacy Today Current events Missing cargo ship sank in hurricane Missing 2 year old found alive in Trumbull Clarity Civil war 1861 1 865 The Confederate Flag Who to believe a West Point video Cites evidence of war as proof that it was to protect slavery for the south How People Might See the Flag The White Tree It was a tree under which only white students were allowed to sit 2007 a black kid sat under it and the next day nooses were hung from the tree Jena LA Still a very much segregated area James Bird Texas 2006 he was dragged behind a pickup truck by chains by two people who knew him until he was dismembered Dec 15 2014 NC teenager s hanging death ruled a suicide even though his hands were tied up behind him The past is never dead William Faulkner Mississippi SC amp Alabama southern most states SC ceded first from the union How we got here today The Secession Calendar 1 SC Dec 20 1860 o 2 Mississippi Jan 9 1861 o 3 Florida Jan 10 1861 o 4 Alabama Jan 11 1861 SC ceded from the union about a full year before the civil war started The Confederate Flag Few symbols engender more conflicting interpretations of the past Range from street names Alderman 1996 to state songs LA Times Southerners Two separate realities African Americans and Southern Blacks especially only recently had the legal rights and opportunities traditionally enjoyed by Southerners Webster amp Lieb 2001 Most blacks have this reality Censusgov 57 of blacks live in the south 60 of blacks live in only 10 states Black population by state 1 NY 33 million 2 Florida 32 million 0 3 Texas 32 mill 4 GA 31 o 5 California 27 mill 6 NC 22 mill 7 Illinois 2 mill 8 Maryland 18 mill 9 VA 17 mill 10 Ohio 14 mill 610 of the most populated states are in the deep south Florida Texas GA NC Maryland amp VA History Confederate Flag History Between 1861 65 Confederate states had 3 flags stars amp bars stainless banner a revision of the stainless banner All the following except type of question The more familiar rebel flag proposed as the national flag of the CSA in March of1861 NEVER adopted as the national flag of the confederacy BUT It s design was based on Saint Andrews cross was central to a wide array of battle flags employed by various confederate states and their armies Reconstruction immediate post civil war Southern residents flew the flag outside of their homes to show opposition of occupying Union army used at meetings and celebrations by United Confederate Veterans orgs also flown at parades All but disappeared around the turn of the 20th century late 1800searly 1900s Gone with the Wind 1930s used by southern regiments in WW2 BIGGEST Demo party s national convention civil rights proposals were adopted at the convention Several southern delegates walked out while waving the battle flag 1950s to oppose Brown v Board of Education decision desegregating schools Used by white councils opposed to integration used by KKK to promote segregation That is how the confederate flag got to be so tethered to racism and hate today Notes 107 Current events fire ants in SC Houston Astros won against Yankees Draft Kings amp Fan Duel someone from the company won and he may have used cyber info Doctors without borders airstrike US alters story for 4th time in 4 days Where we left off Reminder about Confederate flag it s NOT just a symbol of Southern Pride They lost the war Connected with a history of racism and racists Not even the flag of CSA Confederate Flag connections Southerners opposed to Union occupation AntiCivil Rights Congressman Segregationists Knights of the KKK How the Flag and Civil Rights Changed US Politics Republicans turned Democrats Opposed Civil Rights in 1948 Walked out with the stars amp bars made it their symbol of rebellion Opposed integrating in 1954 Opposed Civil Rights Act in 1964 Solid South turned from blue to red seemingly overnight Has been solidly Republican since 1964 Remained Red for more than 50 years State Capitol Buildings Votes Heated debates on if flag should fly atop state capitol buildings as late as 1993 Alabama Georgia NOT South Carolina South Carolina maintained their allegiance to the Confederate Flag well into New Millennium State Flags Mississippi still right in their s Alabama stars amp bars without the stars Florida same as bama but with a logo South Carolina In 1993 lost bid for house MercedesBenz plant to Alabama possibly because of confederate flag Proposed compromises replace confederate rebel flag with the first flag of CSA Move flag to nearby confederate memorial Place Black Liberation Flag near it on the capitol dome All were rejected All of the following except questions All were rejected on partisan lines Compromise Put it on a nearby state capitol building Nikki Haley SC Governor originally wasn t against it June 19 2015 Dylan Roof killed some of the most devout baptist including a SC senator Why so much about race Crises Often unexpected Cause disturbance in how your organization is viewed and might view itself Intense can be prolonged Effects on you Holt s experience makes you uncomfortable makes you mad might have to fight for what you don t believe You NEVER know who your client will be or what you will have to face Remember You almost NEVER leave a crisis unscathed The Sociopath Next Door Going Forward The Project Changes Originally Oct 21 28 Now Added on class to debate schedule Oct 30th Still Mandatory attendance No longer debate just performance evaluated remains out of 50 points l ve also added one more class of prep time Oct 14th We will NOT be discussing AampF and Hollister Use this time to discuss your OWN topic in class Upcoming Classes Oct 9th Pick your groups 56 members in it Oct 12th Discuss Katrina Oct 14th Group Sign ups Class preparation Fall Break Oct 19th Class prep day open class Presentations Oct 21 23 26 28 amp 30 Mandatory attendance Presentation specifics 1 Give a 5 minute group presentation 2 Myself and TA will be firing questions at you Myour goal is to BREAK you 3 Every member of the group should be prepared to speakanswer a direct ques on 4 Everyone gets the same grade 5 Matt and l are the final arbitares 6 Sit in first 2 rows 7 Dress professionally as if you re speaking to media 8 Weakest link will likely determine grade 9 Study your topic and try to find the flaws 10 You can rescue but not dominate you must be here for all of the presentations Topics Hollister Alabama voted to leave all white sororities UNC Silent Sam LAPD murdered homeless man Univ of Texas removes Jefferson Davis Bama state flag Florida GA etc Police shootings Ferguson NYPD etc Oklahoma U lndiana U Notes 109 The Katrina Crisis Current events School shooting in Arizona OSU v maryland Katrina 2005 Hurricane Season The worst season on record Rita amp William Katrina People stopped naming their kids Katrina first time this had such a social impact since 1961 Katrina specifics mostly hurricane in US History 90000 sqmiles size of UK Displaced more than 1 mill people Cost upwards of 80 billion in costs 53 mill cubic yards of debris 6000 people were unaccounted for up to a year later New Orleans 2000 Poverty rate 28 0 About 70000 people 14 of the city had incomes that were 50 below the poverty line 40 of the adult population was functionally illiterate 0 Before the hurricane it was already a large scale humanitarian crisis National Housing lnstitute When Katrina hit August 29 2015 o What day of the month do welfaredisability checks arrive first of the month The poorest of the poor had no money and lacked transportation to leave Racially bifurcated catastrophe 0 Rich well to do Whites left 0 Blacks dies where they lived Katrina was an F5 class hurricane Aka the worst Why we re talking about Katrina Katrina represented a failure on Human scale Response effort 0 Political Federal state and local dysfunction FEMA GW Bush 0 Economic FEMA reparations 0 Media Bifurcated coverage In short America was exposed Separate and Unequal society Political failures Waugh Jr 2006 Time 2005 o FEMA O O 0 Michael Brown director appointed by Bush Little to no emergency experience Arabian Horse Assoc unclear Oklahoma Christian Home 197578 Last job had no record of him FEMA was slow to respond Budget cuts and personnel losses FEMA no longer up to task of dealing with major disasters p12 Uncertain home should it be placed in DHS homeland security or remain on its own No preparation 0 0 Hurricane Camille lessons were not heeded Residents should keep axes in their attics so they could find their way through roofs in their homes if they were flooded Hurricane exercise showed levees were not strong enough to support a storm Federal authorities to blame Trent Lott RMS 20000 trailers in Atlanta waiting for contractors to move them to Mississippi to Louisiana CNN 2005 Hundreds of volunteers waited for instruction that never came Thousands of victims waited for weeks for help that didn t come In Texas when Katrina hit which is right next to it went to DC instead then went to a fundraiser in California eventually made his way to Louisiana after weeks Failures National Review 2005 Federal government 0 0 failed to evacuate more than 100000 Bush allowed relief effort to be stalled State government 0 O O Gov Kathleen Blanco blocked attempts to streamline command and control with national guard Mayor Ray Nagin failed to coordinate efforts with state officials for the relief effort Jail Nagin s locked up for like 10 years for taking bribes Failures media 0 Media messages are bifurcated by race o Exemplified by coverage of Katrina 0 Framing theory holds that subtle differences in how the media report a topic can influence who people believe is responsible for social consequence Ben Porath amp Shaker 2010 o Racial cues in stories make race more salient in the minds of audiences Race is different and has meaning Framing Thematic Framing puts an issue into context explaining the larger picture ie the factors that lead to an event occurring background etc 0 tends to make people believe society is to blame for an issue 0 Blame extraneous factors for the problem and solution Episodic Framing Oneshot isolated event coverage simply covers an event without context as an isolated phenomenon 0 Most poor people and people of color are covered episodically 0 leads to believing the individual is responsible for a problem and can bring about the solution 0 Nearly all Katrina s coverage was episodic Race and Attribution The cognitive linkage of blacks with crime is primed by media messages Dixon 2006 Oliver amp Fonash 2002 Consequently lacking actual reallife information when seeing Blacks are faced with a social problem Whites are more likely to believe Blacks put themselves in that situation compared to when they see Whites in the same dilemma Domke 2001 Gorham 2006 lyengar 1990 Consequently Also more powerful when reaffirmed by powerful officials Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour Black people looting Huffington Post 2011 a White victims Survivors Residents Black victims Looters Criminals Media failures Yahoo WHITE Two residents wad through chestdeep water after FINDING bread and soda BLACK A young man walks through chestdeep flood water after LOOTING a grocery store in New Orleans Consequently Lacking first hand information