Industrial Revolution Notes
Industrial Revolution Notes hist 1031
Popular in World Civilizations Since 1500
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by DrPhilGood on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to hist 1031 at East Carolina University taught by Michael B Gross in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations Since 1500 in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 03/21/16
England & the Industrial Revolution A) Neolithic Revolution When human beings shifted from hunting & gathering to domestication of animals and farming This led to humans settling in one spot and create villages Human beings discovered they have free time now because they were not spending all their time hunting for food. Free time was spent creating civilization (art, politics, etc.) B) Industrial Revolution Created more free time because machines were doing the work for them. Helped changed society from a Feudal society to an industrialized society Estate society to capitalist class society C) England Colonies Colonies help make it an economic giant. Geography It is an island which makes it harder to attack and separates itself from the rest of the turmoil that took over the rest of Europe with the French Revolution (a) Didn’t have to spend as much money and defense as other countries Essentially a giant port and big with shipping (a) Every place is no more than 20 miles from a water source Agricultural Boom Agricultural revolution made the industrial Revolution possible Created new farming methods (a) Yielded larger crop yields (efficient) (b) Farmers sell so much leftover crops that their price went down. (c) Farming families got extra cash to spend on products manufactured in England making England a great economic market Laissez faire economy Economy that allows people to enter the market and pursue their own selfinterests without market interference. D) Modern world (Separated by classes not estates (Feudal Society) Lower class Proletariat the people who do the manual labor jobs that don’t require any special skill (Ex. janitors, coal miners, etc.) (a) Bluecollar workers (b) Paid by wages (paid by hours worked or product made) Skilled workers Bourgeoisie Middle class Professionals Educated workers Not as handon Make salaries instead of a wage Upper Class Funded the lower and middle class Inherit money E) Crystal Palace (1951) F) The Condition of England question Are we going to wipe ourselves out with the pollution we cause with factories? What can we do to stop Earth from becoming an uninhabitable planet? G) Document: SelfHelp by Samuel Smiles Smiles admired Josiah Wedgewood Was a manufacturer of pottery Was persistent when trying to find the right way to create the best pottery Started work when he was young Got a severe case of smallpox while young and had his right leg taken amputated (a) Because he couldn’t be normal like everyone else, he decided he would be better Benefitted England because it brought national pride Benefits thousands because he gave jobs for people in his ceramics factories. Relevance of the Condition of England Question Josiah Wedgewood became a new kind of hero (industrial hero) (a) A hero because he provided inspiration Capitalist Work Ethic (a) Work hard, persevere and you will move up in the world. H) Document: Inquiry into the Condition of the Poor by Edwin Chadwick Edwin Chadwick Was written because the Royal Commission wanted a report on the condition of the poor Was a tailor Writes about the hazardous working conditions of those in the mines (a) Led to the Public Health Act (1848) Tailors Had to work in crowded rooms with no open windows People suffocate because there is too many people in the room with no ventilation and candles taking oxygen Interviewed a worker (a) Workers are delivered gin (80 proof (40% concentrated alcohol)) four times a day to drink (i) Drink before they have eaten in the mornings (b) Works from 6am to 7pm (c) After work he goes home and drinks more alcohol (d) Is essentially dying Miners Terrible living quarters in bunkhouse (a) Poor ventilation (b) Sleep four people to a bed (c) Foot of water on the floor (i) Six inches of potato peelings on top of the water Working conditions are poor as well (a) Breathing in coal dust (b) Young children would pull heavy carts of coal upward in a dark tunnel (i) Have straps tied around their waist to help pull the cart Average life expectancy of a coal miner in England was 17 Public Health Act (1842) First public health act to regulate work and make it more hospitable I) Document: The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Written for the proletariat Feudal society was at war with itself Says that the class war between the bourgeoisie vs the proletariat in communist society, the proletariat will win Wins by steadily getting larger while the bourgeoisie will get smaller and finally change the capitalist society to the communist society Community society is a classless society and nobody is defined by the amount of money they make. Believed that history of all existing society is the history of class struggle Living a human history instead of a class history A classless society makes all people equal Property is no longer private (a) Property is used to exploit classes (b) Property becomes state property It is an Atheist society (a) Believed religion was used to oppressed Women are made equal (a) Women used as an instrument of production (children) (b) Women seen as common property No country or nationalities (a) Nationalism was supported by the bourgeoisie because it has been used to exploit the proletariat Response to the Condition of England Question You can’t fix a system that is inherently corrupt, it has to be destroyed.