Cj Notes March 7, 2016
Cj Notes March 7, 2016 CJ 100
Popular in Intro to Criminal Justice
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Small on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/21/16
March 7, 2016 Visible crime: "Street crime" • Majority of law enforcement resources • 3 categories: 1. Violent crimes 2. Property crimes 3. Public order crimes Violent crimes • Physical injury or death • Most of these offenders are committed by people who know their victims 1. Murder and nonnegligent (voluntary) manslaughter o Willful killing of 1 human being to an other (intent is present) o 1st degree: premeditated : intentional killings, felony murder o 2nd degree: unplanned (death at victim was a distinct possibilities: reckless action). Involuntary manslaughter o 3rd degree: intentional killing in which the offender had no prior intent (no premeditated) to kill ("heat of passion") 2. Forcible Rape o Used to be "carnal knowledge of a female forcibly against her will" o Update: FBI changed the definition to include male and not just include "forciblel" (unconsious, physicalllly, or mentally disabled, drugs/ alcohol, ect.) 3. Robbery o Taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody or control of a person/s by force or threat of force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting victim in fear 4. Agraviated Assult o Unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury Property Crimes • The object of the theft type offenders is the taking of money or property but there is no force or threat of force against victims 1. Burglary o Unlawful entry of structure to commit a felony of theft o To classify an offense as a burglary, the use of force to gain entry need not have occured 2. Larceny Theft o Unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possesion or of an other o Not taken by force and violence or by fraud 3. Arson o Any willful or malicious burning or attempting to burn with or without intent to defend, a dwelling house public building, motor vehicle or aircraft , personal property of another Public Order Crimes • Acts that threaten the general well being of society and challenge accepted moral principals • Ex. Public Drunkeness, panhandling, vandalism and disorderly conduct • Minor offenses is that they’ll lead to move serious crime Victimology • Examines the impact or crimes on victim 1. Who is victimized? o Demographics play a key factor (age and income) o *lifestyle exposure model (factors, places, times and people) 2. Impact of crime o All pay for crime o Economic cost (lost property, lower productivity) o Psychological and emotional costs o Operating the criminal Justice System (total annual cost of time) Extra credit*** Civil assist (law can come in and see your property; all need is to justify/ no real reason) CNN poker players 20,000-‐30,000 on hand and police seize them ***give our opinions States who use it and don’t act Elements of a Crime 1. Actus Reus-‐ The evil act (guilty act) o Act or conduct that is prohibited o Must be a voluntary act or qualifying omission • Voluntary-‐ Performed consciously as a result of effort (involuntary does not qualify as actus reus) • Omission-‐ Failure to perform an act when physically capable 2. Mens Rea-‐ Evil mind ("guilty mind") o Level of intent to commit an actus reus o Think about the varying degrees of murder we discussed (and manslaughter): First, Second, Voluntary (Third), Involuntary 3. Attendant Circumstances o Specific circumstances which must surround the actus reus (criminal act) o Examples: Is speeding a crime? 4. Causation of Result o Result-‐ Occurs because of the commission of the actus reus o Example: Convicted of homicide (result-‐death of another human being) Strict Liability • Narrow range of crimes that are exceptions to the requirement of actus reus + mens rea=crime Ex. Actus reus but no criminal Intent (means rea) • Offenses that are punished without regard to the individuals state of mind • Examples??? Direct vs. Circumstantial Evidence • Direct evidence -‐Demonstrates proof beyond a reasonable doubt • Circumstantial Evidence (indirect evidence)-‐ Requires inference from a jury