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Cj Notes March 7, 2016

by: Courtney Small

Cj Notes March 7, 2016 CJ 100

Courtney Small

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About this Document

Notes covered from class on Monday, March 7th . Unit 3
Intro to Criminal Justice
Douglas Klutz
Class Notes
Criminal Justice, intro
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Small on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

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Date Created: 03/21/16
March  7,  2016       Visible  crime:   "Street  crime"       •   Majority  of  law  enforcement  resources     •   3  categories:   1.   Violent  crimes     2.   Property  crimes     3.   Public  order  crimes      Violent  crimes     •   Physical  injury  or  death     •   Most  of  these  offenders  are  committed  by  people  who  know  their  victims     1.   Murder  and  nonnegligent  (voluntary)  manslaughter     o   Willful  killing  of  1  human  being  to  an  other  (intent  is  present)   o   1st  degree:  premeditated  :  intentional  killings,  felony  murder   o   2nd  degree:  unplanned  (death  at  victim  was  a  distinct  possibilities:  reckless   action).  Involuntary  manslaughter     o   3rd  degree:  intentional  killing  in  which  the  offender  had  no  prior  intent  (no   premeditated)  to  kill  ("heat  of  passion")   2.   Forcible  Rape     o   Used  to  be  "carnal  knowledge  of  a  female  forcibly  against  her  will"   o   Update:  FBI  changed  the  definition  to  include  male  and  not  just  include   "forciblel"  (unconsious,  physicalllly,  or  mentally  disabled,  drugs/  alcohol,  ect.)   3.   Robbery     o   Taking  or  attempting  to  take  anything  of  value  from  the  care,  custody  or  control   of  a  person/s  by  force  or  threat  of  force  or  threat  of  force  or  violence  and/or  by   putting  victim  in  fear     4.   Agraviated  Assult   o   Unlawful  attack  by  one  person  upon  another  for  the  purpose  of  inflicting  severe   or  aggravated  bodily  injury    Property  Crimes     •   The  object  of  the  theft  type  offenders  is  the  taking  of  money  or  property  but  there  is  no   force  or  threat  of  force  against  victims     1.   Burglary     o   Unlawful  entry  of  structure  to  commit  a  felony  of  theft     o   To  classify  an  offense  as  a  burglary,  the  use  of  force  to  gain  entry  need  not  have   occured     2.   Larceny  Theft     o   Unlawful  taking,  carrying,  leading,  or  riding  away  of  property  from  the  possesion   or  of  an  other     o   Not  taken  by  force  and  violence  or  by  fraud     3.   Arson   o   Any  willful  or  malicious  burning  or  attempting  to  burn  with  or  without  intent  to   defend,  a  dwelling  house  public  building,  motor  vehicle  or  aircraft  ,  personal   property  of  another         Public  Order  Crimes   •   Acts  that  threaten  the  general  well  being  of  society  and  challenge  accepted  moral   principals     •   Ex.  Public  Drunkeness,  panhandling,  vandalism  and  disorderly  conduct   •   Minor  offenses  is  that  they’ll  lead  to  move  serious  crime   Victimology     •   Examines  the  impact  or  crimes  on  victim     1.   Who  is  victimized?     o   Demographics  play  a  key  factor  (age  and  income)     o   *lifestyle  exposure  model  (factors,  places,  times  and  people)   2.   Impact  of  crime     o   All  pay  for  crime     o   Economic  cost  (lost  property,  lower  productivity)   o   Psychological  and  emotional  costs     o   Operating  the  criminal  Justice  System  (total  annual  cost  of  time)     Extra  credit***     Civil  assist  (law  can  come  in  and  see  your  property;  all  need  is  to  justify/  no  real  reason)   CNN  poker  players  20,000-­‐30,000  on  hand  and  police  seize  them     ***give  our  opinions     States  who  use  it  and  don’t  act       Elements  of  a  Crime     1.   Actus  Reus-­‐  The  evil  act  (guilty  act)   o   Act  or  conduct  that  is  prohibited     o   Must  be  a  voluntary  act  or  qualifying  omission     •   Voluntary-­‐  Performed  consciously  as  a  result  of  effort  (involuntary  does   not  qualify  as  actus  reus)   •   Omission-­‐  Failure  to  perform  an  act  when  physically  capable     2.   Mens  Rea-­‐  Evil  mind  ("guilty  mind")   o   Level  of  intent  to  commit  an  actus  reus     o   Think  about  the  varying  degrees  of  murder  we  discussed  (and  manslaughter):   First,  Second,  Voluntary  (Third),  Involuntary     3.   Attendant  Circumstances     o   Specific  circumstances  which  must  surround  the  actus  reus  (criminal  act)   o   Examples:  Is  speeding  a  crime?   4.   Causation  of  Result     o   Result-­‐  Occurs  because  of  the  commission  of  the  actus  reus     o   Example:  Convicted  of  homicide  (result-­‐death  of  another  human  being)           Strict  Liability     •   Narrow  range  of  crimes  that  are  exceptions  to  the  requirement  of  actus  reus  +  mens   rea=crime     Ex.  Actus  reus  but  no  criminal  Intent  (means  rea)   •   Offenses  that  are  punished  without  regard  to  the  individuals  state  of  mind   •   Examples???   Direct  vs.  Circumstantial  Evidence     •   Direct  evidence  -­‐Demonstrates  proof  beyond  a  reasonable  doubt     •   Circumstantial  Evidence  (indirect  evidence)-­‐  Requires  inference  from  a  jury      


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