Intro Cultural Ant
Intro Cultural Ant ANT 101
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ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Fall 2005 MWF 930 7 1020 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Of ce Chambers B12 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 28 October 2005 We ght to keep warm cosmology our place in the universe de ning the boundaries between nature and culture yes but also between groups of people Jews as the chosen people religion through cosmology places boundaries between sacred and profane us and them Look I will tell you something that shows you what people are like Anna they say she gives the evil eye You know this is nonsense But people believe it still Anna and Sadie when they had their ght Sadie gave a shelten That means she gave her a curse pg 160 o Is this witchcraft Superstition Myerhoff s interpretation to Shmuel in groups where people are supposed to be equals witchcraft beliefs are used to cut down those who are too powerful or too wealthy witchcraft beliefs account for otherwise unexplained misfortunes they clarify group norms and de ne group membership by labeling deviants as enemies pg 161 o Witchcraft as not just expressing a natural or cosmological order but as expressing a moral order identifying Anna as a witch she made Sadie sick is a symbolic manifestation a communal disapproval of Anna s selfinterest I don t like to hear such talk Sadie In the Old Country people cursed But this is America In America we don t do these things asserted Basha pg 175 0 Therapy vs witchcraft manifestation of the shtetl vs Venice Beach the seniors at the Center could not accept the psychologist s approach and so translated issues coming out of the therapy session into traditional Jewish concepts that they were used to is there a con ict or contradiction here then of being modern in America and retaining a traditional Jewish heritage 0 Back to Victor Turner a group s ideology is never completely systematized or internally integrated People mobilize one norm for one occasion and an opposing norm for another unperturbed by their contradictory premises In crises these con icts may become evident and require some manipulation or temporary reconciliation Always people or factions use such discrepancies in situations for their own purposes but usually the beliefs themselves are not revised or discarded as a result of internal contradictions pg 183 o The arguments between people at the Center especially when couched in their own terms of witchcraft would not make sense outside the center This is Myerhoff s point on p 184 where she says Fighting is a partnership requiring cooperation A boundary Lord what is man that Thou hast regard for him Or the son of man that Thou takest account of him Man is like a breath His days are as a eeting shadow In the morning he ourishes and grows up like grass In the evening he is cut down and withers So teach us to number our days That we may get us a heart ofwisdom maintaining mechanism 7 for strangers cannot participate fully 7 it is also above all a profoundly sociable activity Teach us to number our days LORD what are mortals that you notice them Human beings that you take thought of them They are but a breath39 their days are like a passing shadow They disappear like sleep at dawn39 they are like grass that dies It sprouts green in the morning by evening it is dry and withered Teach us to number our days aright that we may gain wisdom of heart use of life history in Chapter 6 the lens turned to Jacob to observe social microcosmic events in the life of a person to understand wider macroscopic processes Jacob struggled with the contradictions between Zionism and patriotism agnostic socialist and religious identi cation These con icts it must be stressed Jacob integrated He did not simply resolve and dismiss them 7 for indeed the contradictions are real The one who chooses to remain alive to the intrinsic worth of all these opposing beliefs must continually renegotiate their alliance These con icts then were not generated by Jacob s individual psychology or peculiar life history They were the collective dilemmas of a whole population engendered by their cultural membership and the historical circumstances they had encountered Myerhoff p 218219 identity must be understood from at least two perspectives collective identity the identity that comes from an individual s being part of a larger group and individual identity the part that comes from the interaction with the larger group and the individual s own interpretation of that interaction individual identity is partly constructed through an adherence to the moralethical rules and through participation in the practices of a particular religion more importantly however identity is constructed through meaning religion s eschatological answers ideas about the end of all things 7 life the world What has it all meant Why was I here religion provides a collective response to these answers that collective eschatological response becomes part of individual identity through the effect of symbols 7 symbols that are recognized by people used in everyday discourse or in ritual to communicate ideas and that are full of individual as well as collective meaning the idea ofthe Angel of Death for the people who were part of Jacob s birthday celebration some symbols are more communal more representative of collective identity than other symbols Eric Wolf refers to these symbols as master symbol a symbol which seems to enshrine the major hopes and aspirations of an entire society master symbols are not something like a common denominator but are the medium upon which people of the same society can interact with each other master symbols provide the cultural idiom of behavior and ideal representations through which different ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2009 MWF 1030 7 1120 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W 9307 1030 am Of ce Chambers B12 T Th 9007 1000 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 14 January 2009 Anthropology Origins Nature vs Culture Science Origins of the discipline colonial encounters administration 7 law and tradition Lewis Henry Morgan science of humanity 7 nature vs culture evolutionism anthropology becomes a discipline at a time when academic disciplines especially natural sciences are coalescing around particular quot J 39 39 quot quot 39 39 rationality and cultural diversity rr 4 elds of Anthropology 0 Physical quot r 39 J aka 39 39 focus is on how physical features shape human behavior measure and record physical traits of living people or skeletons fossils ie forensic anthropology observation of nonhuman primates as giving clues to the connection between the biological and the cultural in humans 0 Archaeology focus is on how material culture shapes and re ects human behavior especially prehistoric societies record and analyze artifacts left behind by past societies observation of material culture gives clues to the social institutions and cultural practices of societies especially those without written records 0 Linguistics focus is on how humans communicate measure and compare language use written and spoken comparison of language use helps explain social institutions and cultural practices 0 Social Anthropology aka cultural anthropology focus is on contemporary societies and culture participant observer joining an existing social group trying to be with the people without interfering with their activities direct analysis of social institutions and cultural practices I 39I d I r Focusing on culture 0 Start with Tylor Culturetaken in its wide ethnographic sense is that complex whole which includes knowledge belief art morals law custom and any other capabilities acquired by man as a member of society 0 Shifting sense of culture from Geertz we will read more next week Culture is best seen not as complexes of concrete behavior patterns customs usages traditions habit clusters as has by and large been the ease up to now but as a set of control mechanisms plans recipes rules instructions what computer engineers call quotprogramsquot for the governing of behavior ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2004 MWF 830 7 920 Chambers 2084 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Of ce Carnegie 01 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 26 January 2004 Anthropological Methodology From Miller p 48 Cultural anthropologists conduct research by doing eldwork and using its characteristic method called participant observation Fieldwork and participation observation became the cornerstones of cultural anthropology research after Malinowski s eldwork in the Trobriand Islands during World War I These methods emphasize the importance of living for an extended period of time with the people being studied and learning the local language Armchair objectivity vs Embedded subjectivity Preparation historical theoretical language equipment Importance of eldnotes Friday history uses documentary evidence to reconstruct past events and practices ethnographies in essence record history of the lives of the people who may remain unrecorded everyday life of everyday people or other perspectives on nots0 everyday people Constructing a research project What do you want to study 7 example of my own initial experience 0 Should come from experience academic and personal time spent in China 0 Historical preparation need to study other similar situations and understand historical context ie Buddhism in China 0 Theoretical preparation religious organizations as political and economic organizations How do you study it 0 Site selection need to nd the right place that works gives access and is open 7 gaining rapport will be discussed next Wednesday how I found Little Rome 0 Many eldwork techniques qualitative and quantitative approaches can be used Recording daily life in whatever format is key 7 use of media trying to document nuances for later analysis recording of funerals baptisms 0 Use of everyday texts 7 class schedules local newspapers personal journals genealogies etc church records calls for capital campaign to build a new church 0 Analysis of material culture central in archaeology but also used in cultural anthropology example of analysis of living rooms photographs Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Chambers B12 Telephone 7048942035 ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2008 MWF 1030 7 1120 Chambers 1027 Of ce Hours M W 1130 am 71230 pm T Th 1115 am 71230 pm or by appointment Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 12 March 2008 Studying Consumption Consumption the use of goods and services in which the object or activity becomes simultaneously a practice in the world and a form in which we construct our understandings of ourselves in the world consumer culture some see consumption as cultural imperialism 7 capitalist culture as embodying sel sh dehumanizing and materialist values changes in production are accompanied by changes in consumption Miskito used to depend on turtles for consumption as described by Nietschmann but with development and the industrialization of the turtle industry turtles are now a commodity and the food that the Miskito eat are commodified 7 need money to buy imported food results in dramatic change in food culture of Miskito others see acts of consumption as resistance 7 local expressions of identity as we saw in the freestyle rap video mass culture is a genuine popular creation expressive of the real concerns and aspirations of everyday people consumption and postmodemity 7 consumption as a symbolic rather than an instrumental activity postmodern society is a society organized around the consumption rather than the production of goods and services Why look at food and eating shared social activity by all humans another basic cultural activity transformation of nature raw food to culture cooked food basic economic activity for families in different cultures cultural variety of what and how people eat religious political restrictions food and relation to body 7 cultural concepts of health beauty body image ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2009 MWF 1030 71120 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W 93071030 am Of ce ChambersB12 T Th 90 1000 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadavidsonedu Web httpWWWdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 15 April 2009 Globalization What We Will be trying to gure out about globalization 1 is there a single global culture or many varieties of global culture 2 how does localization take place 3 What is the impact to local communities of globalization What does globalization look like McDonald s 0 Global village idea from modernization theory CocaCola s early understanding of globalization this is globalism international between nations transnational means crossing national boundaries multinational means located in more than one nation globalization I 39 39 local 39 39 rm wunu Is there one homogenous global culture Or are there increasingly heterogenous local cultures Increasing interconnectedness of local cultures through transnational ows of media people commodities and practices is causing social shi s and cultural dislocation First McDonald s opened in 1940 by Dick and Mac McDonald 15 quot 11115 tattoo McDonald s as the symbol of globalization 1955 Ray Kroc opened rst restaurant in Des Plaines Illinois and created the McDonald s Corporation buys all rights to McD s concept from the McDonald s for US 27 million In 1990 there Were 11803 restaurants Worldwide by 2007 there Were 31377 restaurants Worldwide from Watson article and 2007 McD s annual report Critique of McDonalds and there are many cu rum irrgleri I39m form of exploitation from the export of US European and Japanese culture to other parts 0 e World Watson 19975 Jose Bove s 1999 bulldozing ofa McDonalds in Millau Franc made him a central gure in the antiglobalizatio e Main points from Watson s article Local aspects of transnational companies 7 23 of McDonald s restaurants are franchised meaning that they are licensed from McD s corporation by local companies Importance of children as consumers in East Asia Issue of standardization of taste modi ed menus local tastes Industrialization of food McDonaldization vs localization Thinking Quote Cultural Imperialism Theorists who write about cultural imperalism argue that it is the domination of popular culture 7 rather than outright military or political control 7 that matters most in the postmodern postsocialist postindustrial world The cultural message we transmit through Hollywood and McDonald s goes out across the world to capture and also to undermine other societies Unlike more traditional conquerors we are not content merely to subdue others We insist that they be like us Watson l9975 remember our jihad vs McWorld discussion Thinking Quote Globalization Popular Culture and the Family In response to these changes from rising incomes a new family structure has emerged one that focuses on the needs and aspirations of the conjugal unit the married couple Conjugality brings with it an entire set of attitudes and practices that undermine older assumptions regarding the meaning oflife Watson 19971516 contrast with what we read in Margery Wolf Thinking Quote Culture Producers As Robert Kwan Managing Director of McDonald s in Singapore puts it McDonald s sells a system not products The aim is to create a standardized set of items that taste the same in Singapore Spain and South Africa McDonalds may not be able to control the taste responses of individual consumers but it can make the experience of eating relatively predictable Watson 19972122 how does this fit in with our discussions throughout the term of culture Thinking Quote Global or Local It therefore comes as a shock to many Americans when they travel abroad for the first time and discover that public friendliness is not the universal norm In fact the human smile 7 a compleX alignment of facial muscles 7 is not always interpreted as a symbol of congeniality openness or honesty quote the opposite is often true In Russia a visible smile can be tantamount to a challenge Watson 199731 ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2004 MWF 830 7 920 Chambers 2084 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Of ce Carnegie 01 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 31 March 2004 Political Anthropology Sampler Llewelyn Modernization Theory 0 anthropologists of the early 201h century distinguished between primitive traditional societies and modern societies 0 modernization theory saw industrialization as the key to the development of modern society postWWII foreign policy for Western countries saw the heightened drive to develop traditional societies through industrialization and incorporation into the global market system 0 as industrialization starts societies bifurcated into dual societies modern and traditional sector 0 as a society became further linked to the global marketplace the modern sector of society would expand and the traditional sector would contract 0 underdevelopment was seen from this perspective as lacking technology capital education entrepreneurial spirit etc 7 the cultural trappings of modern society 0 modernization theory ran into a big problem 7 development failed in many cases and tradition ie religion proved to be more resistant to modernizing efforts Dependency Theory 0 development did not lead to modernization because of the political and economic interests of the developed world 0 Andre Frank rst world maintains power over third world developing countries by fostering third world countries dependency upon rst world underdevelopment was produced as a result of power imbalances o Wallerstein and the World Capitalist System societies and cultures cannot be understood solely within the boundaries of a nationstate world is interconnected through a complex political economic relationship where global centers exert their power and in uence over the periphery in a number of ways ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Fall 0 7 1020 chambers 1027 2005 MWF 93 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce hambers B12 Telephone 7048942035 Of ce Hours M w F 1030 7 1130 am T Th 1000 7 1115 am orby appointment 391 erlozadadavidsonedu da Emal Web httpvvvvvvdavidsonedupersonalerloza Lecture Notes 28 November 2005 Departures and Arrivals Hot offthe press Latest World Bank Report 02 39 39 M m 4 Brain Drain New York Palgrave Macmillan theywerenotbom uariainim A 39 u drain m n 39 wuuu UJ uilul for dozens of countries Remittances and Migration since 1955 with change in us immigration policy there has been an increase of immigrants coming from developing countiies 12in 19511950 to 88 in 19811990 migrants are coming under legacy of colonialism not individual migration comparedto European migrants but family migration importance of remittances Migrants monumental amounts that the economies ofmany oftheirhome countiies have become based on these remittances Small 19977 Mm mm with Ma 52217 l Hawaii SHAW j Ya blun Guam m7 i axrnlms 3953 52m sbz vim risiiaihgj r W one quotcan Ga m 37 Calmull quotY mm W Sm sine mm 5165 m7 sazon mm M milrm of mlrm 340 a i MmMinimumm tum minus illuminant Autumn 52 znullulzs llxcy eacllsend all 25 240 is Ta 20 Developingiiountry Rnlpionts olWarklrs Rammnces 2001 Source MF Halanw ulFIymets Ymvuk Hill a m 5939 Ellllans a Dollars U m we re E4 7 w m 57 51 53 515 515515 w w 5n Mlliijjji Mm mquot in quotmm am mm E V Q quw Em Am M Source World Bank report Global Development F inanee 2003 I more than 7 million workers sent home 72 billion 108 of Philippines GDP in 2002 Tonga remittances are 39 of GDP I remittances are seen by people in developing countries as a more stable capital ow in Bangledesh 25 billion 189 of GDP remittances were more than the combination of of cial foreign aid and foreign direct investment I remittances in Tonga are an outcome of the monetization of the Tongan economy importance of cash for imported foods and products became a symbol of status monetization of Togan life also increased the burden of reciprocity39 prior to monetization kavenga reciprocity responsibilities see the lm on Friday the example of tapa cloth39 reciprocity services to kin activities funerals weddings etc39 changed pace of life in To a Arriving I role of the Mormon Church Tongang government and kinship networks in facilitating immigration of Tongans to the United States ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Fall 2005 MWF 930 7 1020 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Of ce Chambers B12 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 26 September 2005 Race Physiological or Cultural Construct Comments on Small Happiness What is race 0 Race de nition from biological sciences reproductiver isolated population evolving into a new species 7 not applicable to contemporary human populations 0 see Diamond article for Wednesday think about questions on rst page of article for more on biological perspective 0 however the idea of race whatever anthropologists or academics say is a powerful idea in many different cultures not just America Video excerpt on race and class Early ideas of race in anthropology o monogenesis vs polygenesis issue of single vs multiple origins of human species Polygenists saw other races as different species 0 why 39 y I 39 39 39 39 J 39 quot for variety in human intelligence large skull smarter person 0 From Paul Broca a leading craniometrist A prognathous forwardjutting face more or less black color of the skin wooly hair and intellectual and social inferiority are often associated while more or less white skin straight hair and an orthognathous straight face are the ordinary equipment of the highest groups in the human series A group with black skin wooly hair and a prognathous face has never been able to raise itself spontaneously to civilization from Gould p 8384 0 Gould s points 1 Scienti c racists and seXists often con ne their label of inferiority to a single disadvantaged group but race seX and class go together and each acts as a surrogate for the others Prior prejudice not copious numerical documentation dictates conclusions Numbers and graphs do not gain authority from increasing precision of measurement sample size or complexity in manipulation 9 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Office Carnegie 01 Telephone 7048942035 ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2004 MWF 830 7 920 Chambers 2084 Office Hours M W F 1030 71130 am T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 26 March 2004 Science Religion and Rationality EvansPritchard The Notion of Witchcraft Explains Unfortunate Events the concept of witchcraft provides the Azande with a natural philosophy by which the relations between men and unfortunate events are explained and a ready and stereotyped means of reacting to such events p 18 7 witchcraft as a religious system and the issue of theodicy witchcraft is also part of the everyday Zande world there is nothing remarkable about a witch 7 you may be one yourself and certainly many of your closes neighbors are witches p 19 not people with pointed hats problem of translation people including EvansPritchard have translated this kind of cultural practices as witchcraft in English 7 but the implications are very different the example of the boy who knocked his foot against a stump of wood the stump was not caused by witchcraft what was caused was why he struck his foot against that particular stump on that particular occasion and why the sore festered after that particular incident as opposed to other incidents the example of the granary Zande people know that granaries collapse because the wooden supports are eaten away by termites they also know that people sit under the granaries to get into the shade EvansPritchard says We have no explanation of why the two chains of causation intersected at a certain time and in a certain place for there is no interdependence between them p 23 perhaps EP is wrong 7 we would call it bad luck fate improper adherence to OSHA standards but for the Zande they would call it witchcraft witchcraft then can be seen as a theory of causation we refer to science as explaining causality and science is developed as a body of knowledge through empirical observation Zande also empirically observe events and recognize a plurality of causes natural 7 what witchcraft provides is a social explanation Theoretical Interlude religion as a system of knowledge is often compared with two other systems magic and science witchcraft was normally assigned to the realm of magic in the early 20 century EvansPritchard and other anthropologists contribution was to move witchcraft and other similar practices of nonWestem societies into the realm of religion snenee muunalmasteryufthe Science a r y quesuun rellgun seeks tn Explam unngs fucuses nn me wh esunn magearnnngasamamm ufsystemauzmgknuwledge rehgun was alsu seen as sneneequot 15 men a mum rnennnn a prermudem way nr systEmauzmg knuwledge LsmrSLmuss sumce nrune cunmelevs snenee thnlualpmcuces39zbuu sery mh mm q n nrune abstmdquot smmce nrune eas a system ufknuwledge gamed rrnrn Euler sunely mudem snence m1 underme Elm uf snmce nnne abstradquot ye humansquot acted as vanenleur39 e an arran er quhmgs rearranged based nn beasts maybe nunn any nuneruse but nn nn accuunl shall ynu at n Fur eyerypersnn ufammal m any nrynur dweurngs Whneyer ts any bluud that nersnn shall be cut nrr frumhlspeuple rrnrnLeyruens1s 277 SayluLhepeupleuflsraelWhenanymanhasadsnharge frumhlshudy hs msenargers unclean Annmrsmelawnrnrsuneleanness rnra ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Fall 2005 MWF 930 i 1020 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W F 1030 71120 am Of ce Chambers B12 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadavidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupers onalerlozada This course is an introduction to topical areas in the history theory and research methods of sociocultural anthropology In this class we will read different theoretical articles and overviews on a broad array of subjects within sociocultural anthropology and three ethnographies on speci c issues to explore anthropology s disciplinary perspectives The class will meet three times a week Om empham Will be on the holisuc nature Of quotThe willquot mm min Lorin an I Ii d u um anthropology and anthropological methodology How nil ml 1 A In Mmquot do we understand the diversity of societies and cultures in light of our shared physical biology How do anthropologisw know what they say they know How is anthropology especiall relevant today In this class it is more important to understand the thinking behind the conclusions and ethnographic details rather than memoring facts themselves Course Readings Miller Barbam D 2002 CulturalAnthropology Boston Allyn and Bacon Wolf Margery 1972 Women and the family in rural Taiwan Stanford Calif Stanford University Press Myerhoff Barbara G 1980 1978 Number our days New York NY Simon and Schuster Small Cathy 1997 Voyager From Tongan Villager to American Suburbs Ithaca Cornell University Press Additional articles required for class are available on Blackboard Course Requirements Class Participation 10 The most important work in this course is to be prepared for each class39 this means having thoroughly read the material and being prepared to discuss particular poinw from the reading Readings are due on the day listed in the class schedule Films will be shown regularly throughout the course and are an important component of the course they are a required part of the course material and can be used for review essays Remember there is no such thing as a dumb question or comment 7 if you do not understand something that I present in class do not hesitate to either ask me in class or nd me during of ce hours Response Papers 10 You will write ve 5 response papers throughout the term no more than two pages and double spaced They will be graded NH V and require timely submission for full credit Response papers will serve as a diagnostic for me to help me see how much you understand the reading and the concepts that we will discuss in class Midterm Review 20 This will be a onehour essay exam on 3 October 2005 without the use of notes or class material One week prior to the exam I will hand out ve possible questions for you to think through on the day of the exam I will ask two of those ve questions I will distribute a handout explaining the mechanics for taking this exam later in the semester Fieldwork Project 25 This project due 4 November 2005 is designed to familiarize you with the conduct of ethnographic eld research applying the theoretical and methodological considerations we have discussed to a particular social situation What you choose to study is up to you if you have questions about what is suitable after reading the handout that I will distribute later in the term please email or meet with me The eld project consists of two parts eldnotes 25 of this project s grade and an analysis in the form of a short essay 75 Final Review 35 This will follow the same format as the midterm examination an essay exam without using any notes or class material One week prior to the end of the semester I will hand out ve possible questions for you to think through When you take the exam I will ask three of those ve questions I will distribute a handout explaining the mechanics for taking this exam later in the semester Submission of Writing Assignments All assignments except for your peer comments must be submitted to me electronically You can do this in two ways as an email attachment or through the digital drop box in Blackboard If you are not using Microsoft Word please save the le as in rich text format If you have any questions about how to submit assignments please see me individually Grading System Grades will follow the college system using the 40 scale ie A40 A37 B33 etc 7 see the college catalog and weighted for each assignment as described above While students working with each other outside of class is highly encouraged all graded written work must be your own and pledged accordingly All work is subject to the Davidson College Honor Code as stated in the student handbook If there are individual accommodations for special needs please let me know and authorize the Dean of Students to contact me so that we can work something out Course Schedule subject to modi cation Monday 22 Aug What is Culture what is Anthropology J Course 39 Wednesday 24 Aug Reading Horace Miner essay read this one first please Renato Rosaldo essay available on Blackboard Friday 26 Aug Reading Miller Chapter 1 Film First Contact Monday 29 Aug Reading Clifford Geertz essay available on Blackboard A 39 Response Paper Due Wednesday 31 Aug Comparing Culture Reading Laura Bohannon essay available on Blackboard Friday 2 Sep Anthropological Methodology Reading Miller Chapter 2 Monday 5 Sep Class Meeting in Library Electronic Resources Room Wednesday 7 Sep Doing Fieldwork Guest Lecture Tessa Davis 06 Reading Claire Sterk essay available on Blackboard Friday 9 Sep Taking Fieldnotes Reading Jean Jackson essay available on Blackboard Monday 12 Sep Families and Kinship Reading Miller Chapter 8 Margery Wolf Chapters 1 and 2 Wednesday 14 Sep Getting Married in China Reading Continue reading Margery Wolf Chapters 3 4 5 6 Friday 16 Sep Reading Continue reading Margery Wolf Chapters 7 8 Film Dadi s Family A 39 Response Paper Due Library Project Monday 19 Sep Little DaughterinLaws Reading Continue reading Margery Wolf Chapter 11 Wednesday 21 Sep American Kinship Reading Murphy essay Stack essay available on Blackboard Friday 23 Sep Film Small Happiness Assignment Response Paper Due Monday 26 Sep Seeing the Other Reading Stephen Gould essay Franz Boas essay available on Blackboard Wednesday 28 Sep Reading Diamond article AAA statement on Race available on Blackboard Friday 30 Sep Reading Lozada article on ethnicity available on Blackboard Film American Tongues Monday 3 Oct Assignment First Review Wednesday 5 Oct Economy and Exchange Reading Miller Chapter 3 Friday 7 Oct Reading Miller Chapter 4 Film Ongka s Big Moka Monday 10 Oct Fall Break Have a good holiday Wednesday 12 Oct The Spirit of the Gift Reading Yan chapter Sahlins article available on Blackboard Friday 14 Oct Production and Consumption Reading Nietschmann article Mintz article available on Blackboard Monday 17 Oct Reading Bestor essay available on Blackboard Wednesday 19 Oct Religion and Ritual Reading Miller Chapter 14 Geertz essay on religion available on Blackboard Friday 21 Oct Reading Myerhoff Chapters 1 2 Film Number Our Days Monday 24 Oct Reading Myerhoff Chapter 3 Turner article available on Blackboard Wednesday 26 Oct Reading Myerhoff Chapters 4 5 Friday 28 Oct Reading Continue reading Myerhoff Chapters 6 7 Assignment Response Paper Due Monday 31 Oct Science Religion and Rationality Reading EvansPritchard article Gmelch Baseball Magic article available on Blackboard Wednesday 2 Nov Politics Power and Globalization nl II Reading Miller Chapter 11 Llewelyn article available on L J Friday 4 Nov Film Trobriand Cricket A 39 Field Project Due Monday 7 Nov The Power of Culture Reading Bourdieu article available on Blackboard Wednesday 9 Nov Case Study Love Parade Reading Borneman article available on Blackboard Friday 11 Nov Development and Anthropology Reading Miller Chapter 16 Monday 14 Nov Reading Escobar article available on Blackboard Wednesday 16 Nov Reading Hannerz article Appadurai article available on Blackboard Friday 18 Nov Reading Watson McD s essay available on Blackboard Film Cannibal Tours Monday 21 Nov Reading Small p 349 2325 Nov Thanksgiving Break Have a good holiday Monday 28 Nov Reading Small p 5187 Assignment Response Paper Due Wednesday 30 Nov Reading Small p 88120 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Carnegie 01 Telephone 7048942035 ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Fall 2004 MWF 1030 7 1120 Chambers 1027 Of ce Hours M W F 930 71030 am T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 30 August 2004 Back to Culture we study society and culture by writing ethnography a rsthand detailed description of a living culture based on personal observation Miller 20025 Remember Tylor s de nition Culturetaken in its wide ethnographic sense is that complex whole which includes knowledge belief art morals law custom and any other capabilities acquired by man as a member of society Remember the problems of distanced normalization from Miner and Rosaldo biological determinism vs cultural constructionism ideationism versus cultural materialism these debates of course are best answered as a little of both but be conscious of the way particular anthropologists lean agency versus structure 7 this is a key debate that you can also explore do individuals determine how they think and behave or are they conditioned by structures whether social cultural political economy etc Geertz wants us to look at culture as a symbolic system a discourse to be read by the anthropologist Culture is most effectively treated the argument goes purely as a symbolic system the catch phrase is in its own terms by isolating its elements specifying the internal relationships among those elements and then characterizing the whole system in some general way 7 according to the core symbols around which it is organized the underlying structures of which it is a surface expression or the ideological principles upon which it is based Behavior must be attended to and with some exactness because it is through the ow of behavior 7 or more precisely social action 7that cultural forms nd its articulation Geertz 1973 17 Geertz criticizes scienti c approach of collecting facts cataloging obsession with the empirical though does not let go of the empirical critique of the microcosmic model or the natural experiment model cultural theory is not predictive anthropologist then acts as a literature specialist reading social exchanges and cultural practices as one would read and analyze a novel 7 what are the motivations behind such interactions what are people saying as they are doing something nonetheless Geertz still emphasizes a reliance on experiences in the eld theory must stay close to the ground importance of context in understanding symbolic discourse and abstraction anthropologist as going from the micro to the macro ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2008 MWF 1030 7 1120 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W 1130 am 7 1230 pm Of ce Chambers B12 T Th 1115 am 7 1230 pm or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 26 March 2008 Back to Ritual o ritual as social drama transformative resolving con ict and as de ning cosmology Pivotal Event Graduation Siyum from Chapter 3 o ritual as invented o ritual as built upon contradictions denials and ctions capable of making improbable impossible claims Because they are dramatic in form rituals persuade us by our own senses appealing to us through color smell music dance food rhythm lulling our critical faculties We perform in ritual and doing becomes believing p 86 o ritual as a vessel Ritual may be likened to a vessel into which anything may be poured an orderendowing device it gives shape to its contents This ordering function is furthered by the morphological characteristics of a ritual 7 precision accuracy predictability formality and religion Thus the characteristics of ritual as a medium suggest that its contents are enduring and orderly p 86 o ritual as the intersection of the Great and Little Tradition Red eld culture religion essentially has two aspects 0 Great tradition abstract eternal verities of a culture usually controled by literati from a distance interpreted and enforced by of cial institutions textual tradition institutions Little tradition folk culture ethnicity local expression of a group s beliefs unsystematized not elaborately idealized oral traditions customs Myerhoff and her informants refer to this as domestic religion 0 Back to Myerhoff 0 We don t wrap herring in a printed page 7 title of chapter 3 indicating Jewish value of the Great Tradition textual learning use of Hebrew in prayer sacred study of the Torah contrast with use of Yiddish the language of family p 96 o context of being a Jew in America identity crisis ambivalence Shmuel s response to the graduation siyum Then they have to do it the right way he answered If they want a siyum let them go to shul and study Torah In America you go to school you study that s true but that is not religious study and when you end it you are nished You get your diploma and get a job So they put together two lies and call it a Graduation Siyum thinking this makes it even better p 102 ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2004 MWF 830 7 920 Chambers 2084 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Of ce Carnegie 01 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 26 April 2004 Returns the impact of American migration on Tonga Wider impact I New forms of economy The d 39 I of 39 based on quot from migrants Remittances are not only the lifeblood of small island nations By the 1990s they had become the world s second largest trade item surpassed only by oil I New forms of amily transnational family patterns where relatives are scattered in different countries Between 1980 and 1990 alone overseas phone calls from the US quintupled I New cultural traditions For the Americanbom Tongans great expenditures of wealth at Tongan events signal opulent display ugly competitiveness and social climbing I New Identities the rising importance of ethnicity Tongan power Tshirts as an American phenomenon related to living in a large multiethnic environment pg 178 On Tonga I remittances and increased migration have led to the growth of a middle class in Tonga democraticization and weakening of Tongan aristocratic hold on politics in Tonga Tongans who return are more educated and more cosmopolitan bringing new ideas I while remittances have improved the Tongan cash economy it has led to greater strati cation example of houses in Tonga when Small returned in 1994 7 bigger houses but also shabbier houses no more tapamaking houses I individual prosperity at the cost of public prosperity 7 strati cation caused by globalization some suggest have led to instabilities that can caused the global system to collapse clip of Chapter 18 Global Divide from Commanding Heights Fonu s story pg 144146 Now I ve been to America and my thinking is open As he says the word open he presses his wrists together and makes a triangle outward with his hands And Now I come back He makes an inverted V with his hands pushing his ngertips together and indicating his sense of a narrowing horizon I don t know which way to go I don t know which way to go for my family Here I work hard and I go to the bush and I sell my produce But I want my wife to have things and I think about my children in the future In America you make lots of money In Tonga there s the family there s help If you don t have gasoline you go next door and borrow money for gasoline If you don t have food you come to people and they give it to you But it s not that way in America Most of my family is here in Tonga I don t know what to do ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Fall 2005 MWF 930 7 1020 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Office Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Office Chambers B12 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 14 Nov 2005 Societies are not the organic wholes with structures and laws that we thought them to be until recently but uid entities stretched on all sides by migrations bordercrossing and economic forces cultures are no longer bounded discrete and localized but deterritorialized and subjected to multiple hybridizations similarly nature can no longer be seen as an essential principle and foundational category an independent domain of intrinsic value and truth but as the object of constant reinventions especially by unprecedented forms of technoscience and finally nobody really knows where the economy begins and ends even if economists in the midst of neoliberal frenzy and seemingly overpowering globalization steadfastly adhere to their attempt to reduce to it every aspect of social reality thus extending the shadow that economics casts on life and history Arturo Escobar 1997499 0 people are on the move as well as products plans for economic development cannot be made merely by what works best in the global arena ie trade nor what works best in the domestic arena but in the complicated intersection of the two cultures societies are all mixed up cannot separate a formal economic sector from the informal as developmental specialist did in the past need to understand issue of deterritorialization nature itself is a problem not a given connection between the wellbeing of a society and the well being of its ecology also the numerous issues regarding ethical issues and technology the problem of categorization reduction is assignment to categories the models that don t work because they are not only models of reality but models for reality causing shifts in the social reality that then mess up the model Changes in economic development policy that lead to sustainable developmen o Experts began to accept that the poor themselves particularly the rural poor had to participate actively in the programmes if these were to have a reasonable margin of success including cultural elements and local voices in the design of development projects 0 quot r 39 39 39 Fr 39 to d I shaped by poststructuralism issue of power in discoursethe discourse of development the form in which it makes its arguments and establishes its authority the manner in which it constructs the world are usually seen as selfevident and unworthy of attention The primary intention of discursive analysis is to try and make the selfevident problematic Crush 1995 p 3 I