Intro Cultural Ant
Intro Cultural Ant ANT 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennie Morissette on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 101 at Davidson College taught by Eriberto Lozada in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/221256/ant-101-davidson-college in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Davidson College.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2004 MWF 830 7 920 Chambers 2084 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Office Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Office Carnegie 01 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 24 March 2004 Religion and Identity subtitle Religion in Everyday life Lord what is man that Thou hast regard for him Or the son of man that Thou takest account of him Man is like a breath His days are as a eeting shadow In the morning he ourishes and grows up like grass In the evening he is cut down and withers So teach us to number our days That we may get us a heart of wisdom use of life history in Chapter 6 the lens turned to Jacob to observe social microcosmic events in the life of a person to understand wider macroscopic processes Jacob struggled with the contradictions between Zionism and patriotism agnostic socialist and religious identi cation These con icts it must be stressed Jacob integrated He did not simply resolve and dismiss them 7 for indeed the contradictions are real The one who chooses to remain alive to the intrinsic worth of all these opposing beliefs must continually renegotiate their alliance These con icts then were not generated by Jacob s individual psychology or peculiar life history They were the collective dilemmas of a whole population engendered by their cultural membership and the historical circumstances they had encountered Myerhoff p 218219 identity must be understood from at least two perspectives collective identity the identity that comes from an individual s being part of a larger group and individual identity the part that comes from the interaction with the larger group and the individual s own interpretation of that interaction individual identity is partly constructed through an adherence to the moralethical rules and through participation in the practices of a particular religion more importantly however identity is constructed through meaning religion s eschatological answers ideas about the end of all things 7 life the world What has it all meant Why was I here religion provides a collective response to these answers that collective eschatological response becomes part of individual identity through the effect of symbols 7 symbols that are recognized by people used in everyday discourse or in ritual to communicate ideas and that are full of individual as well as collective meaning the idea of the Angel of Death for the people who were part of Jacob s birthday celebration Theoretical Reprise Master Symbol some symbols are more communal more representative of collective identity than other symbols Eric Wolf refers to these symbols as master symbol a symbol which seems to enshrine the major hopes and aspirations of an entire society master symbols are not something like a common denominator but are the medium upon which people of the same society can interact with each other master symbols provide the cultural idiom of behavior and ideal representations through which different groups of the same society can pursue and manipulate their different fates within a coordinated framewor Eric Wolf 1958 The Virgin of Guadalupe A Mexican National Symbol Journal of American Folklore 6134 39 remember our earlier discussion of symbols as models of and models for reality from Geertz symbols have three key properties according to Victor Turner condensation many things are represented in a symbol uni cation symbols bring together multiple meanings into one symbol polarization of meaning symbols mark off meaning through two different poles the ideological pole and the sensory pole the ideological pole refers to the wider moral social and theological meanings associated with the symbol the Angel of Death s theological interpretation Myerhoff calls this the abstract the sensory pole refers to the more physiological understandings of the symbol ie wrestling with the Angel of Death making room for the Angel of Death in funerary ritual Myerhoff calls this the concrete symbols serve to connect the individual and the collective through peoples experiences with using symbols to communicate with each other over the course of their lives in this sense Jacob s birthday party his wrestling with the Angel of Death so that he could attend his 95th birthday party at the Center became a shared interpretation for the Center people of the wider Jewish symbol of the Angel of Death WP Back to Religion and Identity individual identification through particular religious traditions comes from the everyday interaction with the wider group the example of Chapter 7 where gender identity comes into play Patriarchy was a dominant force in the shtetl replicated in family and community with perfect consistency Religion was the concern of everyone but the specific responsibility and privilege of men Women were extremely important absolutely essential as facilitators of the men s activities Myerhoff p 242 Jewish emphasis of the supportive role for women the sensory meaning of symbols the concrete physiological pole comes from the everyday use of symbols the individual s interacting with the wider group and especially from individual participation in ritual when sacred symbols are employed in rituals when the poles fuse the ideological and sensory poles a single experiential reality is created and the