Intro Cultural Ant
Intro Cultural Ant ANT 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennie Morissette on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 101 at Davidson College taught by Eriberto Lozada in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see /class/221256/ant-101-davidson-college in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Davidson College.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Office Chambers B12 Telephone 7048942035 ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2009 MWF 1030 7 1120 Chambers 1027 Office Hours M W 9307 1030 am T Th 9007 1000 am or by appointment Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 11 February 2009 Questions for discussion From Wolf s discussion of the uterine family and sim pua marriage and our discussion of lineage dynamics for both men and women in the lifecycle where does loyalty and affection lie What are the key relationships in tension How do people maneuver within the system How do changes in socioeconomic system play out in kinship Wolf s argument is largely one based on social structure the idea of the uterine family for example shows how structure affects cultural ideas such as gender relations Stack also has an analysis based on structure But cultural ideas are also important we often for example talk about the family and ideas about love or security can we find such concepts coming out of specific social structures or do these ideas give birth to social structure What is Love Helen Fisher Anatomy of Love A Natural History of Mating Marriage and Why We Stray Physical anthropologist who is looking at the intersection of physiological and cultural sources of love brain scanning mapping out biochemical processes of people in love divides love into three aspects lust associated with testosterone in men and women romantic love associated in the brain with high levels of dopamine and norpenephrin natural stimulants and low levels of seratonin obsessive thinking and attachment with vasopressin and oxytocin Fisher citing John Money A love map collection of preferences acquired over time as a response to family friends experiences and chance associations that serves as a model for personal likes and dislikes Preferred physical characteristics vary individually and crossculturally but there may be some common traits that invoke sexual appeal crossculturally Carol Stack s Domestic Networks Kinship system as social network Social network analysis is a methodological approach that has been used extensively in the social sciences tends to be quantitative although many have used social networks as theoretical orientation to understanding social structure and social action It essentially is a mapping out of individual social relationships how ties are constructed between nodes individuals is the key factor being studied people connect to each other in different Ways and there are different impacts to such relations some ties bind others do no 0 In social network analysis the centrality of a node or the betweenem matters the resulting map can be seen as a social structure 0 Kinship therefore is a social network and the assumed tie is blood or marriage Stack s approach reexamines kinship ties as not only blood but as material support networks people Who are technically not kin become kin by providing 10 mam um Mumma mm m we mutual 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March 2009 Studying Consumption Consumption the use of goods and services in which the object or activity becomes simultaneously a practice in the world and a form in which we construct our understandings of ourselves in the world consumer culture some see consumption as cultural imperialism 7 capitalist culture as embodying sel sh dehumanizing and materialist values Why look at food and eating shared social activity by all humans another basic cultural activity transformation of nature raw food to culture cooked food basic economic activity for families in different cultures cultural variety of what and how people eat religious political restrictions food and relation to body 7 cultural concepts of health beauty body image changes in production are accompanied by changes in consumption case study of Miskito turtle industry Miskito used to depend on turtles for consumption as described by Nietschmann 7 both as a subsistence food item as well as a gift for distribution among relatives and friends This relationship between the Miskito and their ecology was sustainable until the development and the industrialization of the turtle industry In the late 60s and 1970s turtles became a commodity that was intensively harvested depleting this resource This has been studied as a problem in development and the need for sustainable development anthropologists speci cally look at how changes in consumption create many problems in development as well as problems in production and distribution As a result the food that the Miskito eat became commodified 7 need money to buy imported food results in dramatic change in food culture of Miskito 7 worsening of diet due to reliance on market exchange in ationary issues intensi ed and now what once sustainable for the Miskito has been transformed into an issue of dependency we will talk more about this later when we get to globalization others see acts of consumption as resistance 7 local expressions of identity mass culture is a genuine popular creation expressive of the real concerns and aspirations of everyday people