Intro Cultural Ant
Intro Cultural Ant ANT 101
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This 13 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennie Morissette on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 101 at Davidson College taught by Eriberto Lozada in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see /class/221256/ant-101-davidson-college in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Davidson College.
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ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Fall 2005 MWF 930 71020 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Of ce Chambers B12 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdaVidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 14 September 2005 Corporate Lineages Descent and Family Life Nuclear Family I I Stem Family ao OTA O 0 I I 3 generation A O stem in patriline Joint Family AIO OA Ofi O IA 23 55m trio 4 nuclear units Within one larger unit sharing budget labor income and meals Compound Joint Family DATE o Eb w rlw Jw m mJ1 ADA AAAO A00 Grand Joint Family Ideal up to 100 or more in one budget sharing mealsharing unit Partible Inheritance and Division of Land 13 A0 100 acres 13 13 Generation 1 mm A1 A 1 Generation 2 Per Stirpes VS Per Capita Division zfx3000 1000 A1000 1000 333 A 500 1 1000 167 250 11 living descendants 272 per capita Ancestral Estate Formation 100 Acres G D Personal Inalienable property of estate managed legitimate by descendants heirs divided pro ts divided each generation per stirpes by partible Land itself is inheritance not divided Indirect Dowry Wifetakers Wife givers 1000 W AO AO A4 or gold worth 1000 Balanced Exchange Dowry Wifetakers Wife givers Patrilocal Residence ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2004 MWF 830 7 920 Chambers 2084 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Office Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Office Carnegie 01 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 14 March 2004 Fieldwork Project Reminder due in class Monday 5 April 7 Fieldnotes and short essay Anthropological Study of Religion Some de nitions of religion Religion is the feelings acts and experiences of individual men in their solitude so far as they apprehend themselves to stand in relation to whatever they may consider the divine William James The Varieties of Religious Experience The study of religion is the study of persons Of all branches of human inquiry hardly any deals with an area so personal as this Faith is a quality of men s lives All religions are new religions every morning For religions do not exist up in the sky somewhere elaborated nished and static they exist in men s hearts Wilfred Cantwell Smith Religion as society worshipping itself religion gives society cohesion through shared symbols and group rituals Emile Durkheim Religion is a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful pervasive and longlasting moods and motivations in men by formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic Clifford Geertz Geertz s Essay on Religion as a Cultural System remember our previous discussion of Geertz emphasis on meaning reading social life as a literary text but in a way grounded in fieldwork interpretive anthropology for Geertz the anthropological study of religion is two fold an analysis of the system of meanings embodied in the symbols which make up the religion and the relatingof these systems of meaning to socialstructural and psychological processes Geertz s essay structured along his definition of religion Religion is a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful pervasive and long lasting moods and motivations in men by formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic symbols anything which signifies something else pictures words text things symbols as extrinsic sources of information 7 information about belief cosmology etc that are outside individual psychology but interact with individual psychology through society and culture symbols as models of and models for reality model of reality in that symbols are an interpretation of reality for human thinking ie theory of hydraulics explain how water will interact with the dam symbols represent reality model for reality in that symbols manipulate reality structure social systems ie theory of hydraulics is used to construct the dam Religion is a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful pervasive and long lasting moods and motivations in men by formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic 0 religion structures social life by explaining the meaning of life basis for ethical codes source for social structure socialization 0 when reading Myerhoff think of the interrelationship between Judaism and the social life of the senior center Religion is a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful pervasive and long lasting moods and motivations in men by formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic religion explains things Max Weber and theodicy quotthe vindication of divine providence in view of the existence of evilquot why people suffer we will be reading EvansPritchard the granary issue later keep this in mind when reading Myerhoff religion provides a worldview the big picture Mircea Eliade The sacred reveals absolute reality and at the same time makes orientation possible hence it founds the world in the sense that it fixes the limits and establishes the order of the world science explains things as well but this is another story for next semester Geertz distinguishes the religious perspective one that moves beyond the realities of everyday life from the scientific perspective institutionalized scepticism that uses probabilistic hypotheses to understand reality Religion is a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful pervasive and long lasting moods and motivations in men by formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic o the problem of studying belief how does someone from outside a particular religious tradition make sense of people s beliefs how through ritual consecrated behavior patterned forms of behavior that have to do with the supernatural realm from Miller another definition Ritual is a culturally constructed system of symbolic communication It is constituted of patterned and ordered sequences of words and acts often expressed in multiple media whose content and arrangement are characterized in varying degree by formality conventionality stereotypy rigidity condensation fusion and redundancy repetition SJ Tambiah 0 think of all the cultural ideas associated with the performance of ritual authority hierarchy life cycles etc Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Office Carnegie 01 Telephone 7048942035 ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2004 MWF 830 7 920 Chambers 2084 Office Hours M W F 1030 71130 am T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 14 April 2004 Globalization Why globalization globalization is at the heart of issues in society and cultural processes today more than ever the issues in development that we discussed are grounded in how different local communities are connected to other local communities throughout the world Arjun Appadurai we will be reading more of his work later the main issue in today s cultural life is the work of the imagination to understand society today means examining the production of locality locality is a property of social life a cultural conception not a territorial marker of social groups people strive to bridge the various levels of disjunction and difference in the creation of neighborhoods that are essential to social life Neighborhoods are lifeworlds constituted by relatively stable associations by relatively known and shared histories 1995215 in other words the social forms that structure life in a community Benjamin Barber s take on globalization Jihad vs McWorld Jihad The phenomena to which I apply the phrase have innocent enough beginnings identity politics and multicultural diversity can represent strategies of a free society trying to give expression to its diversity What ends as Jihad may begin as a simple search for a local identity some set of common personal attributes to hold out against the numbing and neutering uniformities of industrial modernization and the colonizing culture of McWorld Barber 1995 McWorld Music video theater books and theme parks the new churches of a commercial civilization in which malls are the public squares and suburbs the neighborless neighborhoods are all constructed as image exports creating a common world taste around common logos advertising slogans stars songs brand names jingles and trademarks Hard power yields to soft while ideology is transmuted into a kind of videology that works through sound bites and film clips Barber 1995 The outcome of globalization is not simply a struggle between gemeinschaft and gesselscha Gemeinschaft communal society personal relationships are defined and regulated on the basis of traditional social rules People have simple and direct facetoface relations with each other that are determined the natural and spontaneously arising emotions and expressions of sentiment Gesselschaft associational society modern cosmopolitan societies with their government bureaucracies and large industrial organizations rational self interest and calculating conduct act to weaken the traditional bonds of family kinship and religion that permeate communal society s structure human relations are more impersonal and indirect being rationally constructed to serve efficiency or other economic and political considerations ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2008 MWF 1030 7 1120 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W 1130 am 7 1230 pm Of ce Chambers B12 T Th 1115 am 7 1230 pm or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 14 January 2008 Introductions 0 Prof E P Lozada Jr 0 syllabus 0 course readings requirements 0 web site blackboard SocialCultural Anthropology One de nition of anthropology the comparative study of common sense both in its cultural forms and in its social effects 0 what is common 0 what makes something make sense holistic approach to examining the human condition 7 emphasis on interdisciplinary approaches any aspect of being human is connected to other aspects ie politics economics health social structures participantobservation eldwork 7 both quantitative and qualitative approaches four elds of anthropology 39 r J J physical anthropology linguistics some call applied anthropology a fifth eld I I A I I I Epistemological Assumptions 0 cultural relativity no one culture is better than another not moral relativity but critical cultural relativism view that poses questions about cultural practices and ideas in terms of who accepts them and shy and who they might be harming or helping Miller 20039 concepts from one culture can be translated into a language of another culture abstractions at the macrolevel can be deduced from observations at the microlevel o context is important