Intro Cultural Ant
Intro Cultural Ant ANT 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennie Morissette on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 101 at Davidson College taught by Eriberto Lozada in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see /class/221256/ant-101-davidson-college in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Davidson College.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2009 MWF 1030 7 1120 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W 9307 1030 am Of ce Chambers B12 T Th 9007 1000 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 2 February 2009 Kinship Why kinship 0 like an opinion everyone has one most basic social structure all human societies face certain problems for which marriage the creation of families and kinship systems offer solutions Every society must regulate sexual access between males and females find satisfactory ways to organize labor assign responsibility for child care provide a clear framework for the transfer of property and social position between generations Nanda and Warms 143 kinship ties many different elements of society and culture nature culture transition variety in family and household structure was one of the rst things noticed by Westerners 0 original impetus behind anthropology Morgan was a lawyer inheritance and land ownership 7 Engel s Origin of the Family focus of early anthropologists such as British social anthropologists discussed by Monaghan and Just in chapter 3 Why Taiwan 0 lial piety dajiating modernity o slide show Some kinship terms see also Nanda and Warms Chapter 7 Descent o Descent group social unit whose members claim common ancestry unilineal bilineal Matrilineal descent descent traced along mother s line not connected to matriarchy Patrilineal descent descent traced along father s line Lineage members of a descent group that have a demonstrated descent from a common ancestor may or may not be a corporate group shared property 0 Clan members of a group that have stipulated descent from a common ancestor Marriage 0 know it when you see it while the institution is seen in all cultures it is dif cult to pin down an exact definitiont hink of current debates over marriage 0 preference rules establishing households see Miller ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Fall 2005 MWF 930 7 1020 Chambers 1027 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Office Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Office Chambers B12 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 2 Nov 2005 Political Anthropology Sampler Miller Llewelyn Political anthropology the study of power relationships in the public domain and how they vary and change cross culturally Miller p 249 Key concepts from Miller I power the ability to bring about results issue of symbolic power authority the right to take certain forms of action in uence ability to achieve a desired end by exerting social or moral pressure we now lump this under power 7 hard vs soft power Figure 101 pg 234 Miller Political organizations band tribe chiefdom state 7 linked to particular modes of production remember Ongka BigMan leadership inbetween band and chiefdom Political organizations are social organizations con ation of kinship structures as political structures political anthropologists focus on the most local of power systems example of segmentary model of political organization comes from anthropological work see Miller p 236 general rule of the enemy of my enemy is my friend Modernization Theory anthropologists of the early 201h century distinguished between primitive traditional societies and modern societies modernization theory saw industrialization as the key to the development of modern society postWWII foreign policy for Western countries saw the heightened drive to develop traditional societies through industrialization and incorporation into the global market system as industrialization starts societies bifurcated into dual societies modern and traditional sector as a society became further linked to the global marketplace the modern sector of society would expand and the traditional sector would contract underdevelopment was seen from this perspective as lacking technology capital education entrepreneurial spirit etc 7 the cultural trappings of modern society modernization theory ran into a big problem 7 development failed in many cases and tradition ie religion proved to be more resistant to modernizing efforts ANT 101 Introduction to Sociocultural Anthropology Spring 2004 MWF 830 7 920 Chambers 2084 Prof Eriberto P Lozada Jr Of ce Hours M W F 1030 7 1130 am Of ce Carnegie 01 T Th 1000 7 1115 am or by appointment Telephone 7048942035 Email erlozadadaVidsonedu Web httpwwwdavidsonedupersonalerlozada Lecture Notes 2 February 2004 Why kinship 0 like an opinion everyone has one 0 nature culture transition 0 variety in family and household structure was one of the rst things noticed by Westerners o inheritance and land ownership 7 Engel s Origin of the Family Private Why Taiwan 0 lial piety dajiatirig modernity o slide show Some kinship terms Descent o Descent group social unit whose members claim common ancestry o Matrilineal descent descent traced along mother s line 0 Patrilineal descent descent traced along father s line 0 Lineage members of a descent group that have a demonstrated descent from a common ancestor may or may not be a corporate group shared property 0 Clan members of a group that have stipulated descent from a common ancestor Alliance 0 Incest rules transformation from nature to culture LeviStrauss o Af nes relatives created by marriage 0 Exogamy members of a group must seek mates from other groups 0 Endogamy members of a group must seek mates within certain groups Marriage Exchanges 0 BridepriceBridewealth money or objects given to wifegivers bride s family from wifetakers groom s family 0 Dowry goods money jewelry etc that accompanies the bride and is provided by the wifegivers 0 Indirect Dowry brideprice that is reconverted by the wifegivers into dowry for their daughter
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