Notes for Global Geography week 10 and South East Asia Study Guide
Notes for Global Geography week 10 and South East Asia Study Guide GEOG 1010 - 003
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GEOG 1010 - 003
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This 13 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Bixler on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A McGowin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/21/16
Global Geography Week 10 March 22, 2016 Ancient Kingdoms- South East Asia has never had one dominating country Influences- South East Asia (India) influenced architecture The Chinese- influenced the mainland (Thailand, Vietnam, etc.). Buddhism was brought to the mainland. Languages are related to Chinese. The islands were influenced by Islam- Southeast Asia came into contact with Islam through merchants. Sultans would become Muslim and therefore all his people would become Muslim under him. South East Asia is extremely diverse in regard to religion- all 4 major religions are found here Christianity- The Spanish brought Christianity to Philippines. Portuguese brought Catholicism to East Timor. The Philippines was the Spanish’s only major colony. However the US has had a greater influence on the Philippines. US took control over the Philippines after defeating Spain in war. We brought English to this region. They became US territory. Philippines became a likely cause for the US getting involved in WWII. US vs. Japan- It is argued that one of the main reason the Japanese attacked Pear Harbor is because the US was in the Philippines- the US was too close for comfort. Japan eventually took over the Philippines. The US took it back but the Philippines eventually became independent. Religious clashes- clashes are very rare. The clashes usually against the government. Saffron Rebellion- Monks led the protest against the military government of Myanmar. The government attacked the Buddhists- the Monks then decided not to take donations from the government- this was seen as a rejection from Heaven. Huge slap in the face. Jemaah and Abu Sayyaf- People have fought for Serria law- have attacked tourists in order to protest the government. Groups like Abu Sayyaf want autonomy- radical group who has been known to kidnap people. Languages- Thai and Laotian- not related to India language but the writing system was influenced by South Asia Vietnamese- was never a written language- the language was originally written in Chinese. French missionaries came to Viet Name and helped create the written language in order to spread Christianity. Indonesian Diversity- incredibly diverse. 700 different languages. They created a national language- Bahasa Indonesian- helped unify the country. Political Geography- Colonialism in Southeast Asia- Vietnam was seen as the front porch to the Pacific- used to Mekong to get into China. Vietnam- Nan Viet (means people of the South)- for some reason the people flipped the name. Vietnam has had heavy Chinese influence and has never been fully unified. Post WWII Vietnam wanted independence from the French. Ho Chi Minh- leader in Vietnam- he fought against the Japanese in WWII- seen as an ally. He became an enemy when he pushed for independence from the French. We became involved. North was communist- the South had more western influence. They were going to allow a vote- We technically lost- we were trying to fight communists- we didn’t put all our resources in (we fought a limited war). The North Vietnamese objective was for independence they were fighting a total war and putting everything into it. Ho Chi Minh was loved in both the North and the South (seen as founder). The Ted Offensive showed that we weren’t winning- we were losing in a political perspective. Since the 80s and 90s Vietnam has become more capitalist. Laos- heavily affected by Vietnam war. Attacked just as much as Vietnam. Laos government was supporting Vietnam. Had more bombs dropped on it than all of WWII. There is a health affect even today from the craters made from the bombs- created standing water where diseases and mosquitos breed. Hmong- they were supported by the US during the war- left for themselves- many fled to the US –mid west has the highest concentration. Cambodia- because of the war Cambodia’s structure broke down- Pol Pot rose to power- attempted to restart Cambodia. They decided to leave the capital city with no technology- the starting with year zero. If you went against this you were killed- as were Vietnamese and those who were considered “slower.” Mass graves were discovered. 33% of the population was killed in the “Killing Fields.” Who saved Cambodia? The Vietnamese- they invaded in order to save Cambodia. Thailand- affected because of prostitution. They were more used to “comfort” service men who were away from their wives. Women with mental handicaps were often used as the prostitutes. In the 1980s- Thailand tried to make Thailand the land of sex because so many prostitutes were left after the war. HIV has exploded here. Since the 90s- Prostitutes are required to get checked for HIV every 6 months. The north has been more affected by the HIV epidemic. 2 years ago a doctor has convicted of murder for using HIV infected needles to treat patients (this also happened in the north). Rural- Urban divide- Yingluck Shinawatra tied to reform the rural areas- people in the Urban area pushed here out and looked to undo the rural reform. 2014 Military Coup- military government in Thailand 17,000 islands in Indonesia- Minangkabau- power and property are handed down through the female side of the female (matrilineal society). Papua- ethnically/religiously different from the rest of Indonesia- pushed for independence East Timor- became independent from Indonesia. A major oil line was drawn between Indonesia and Australia- East Timor was able to get the percentages changed- they now have 80% of the oil line- Australia has 20% Indonesia crime- Piracy- is very heavy in this region. This happens in the Straight of Malacca- the lands start to bottleneck together so ships have to slow down. This makes it very easier for pirates to attack. Problem with Jurisdiction over who should prosecute the pirates. Malaysia- unified because of convenience. The creation of Malaysia- the Federation of Malaya included the federated area and non federate area. Singapore was not brought in. Brunei- was part of the British empire unto 1984- has one of the wealthiest leader in the world- he banned Santa Clause. Singapore- Chinese majority- they were kicked out of Malaysia- no Singapore representatives- now one of the wealthiest countries in the world. South East Asia Study Guide 1. Which river of Southeast Asia runs through or borders all mainland Southeast Asian countries and is known for its giant catfish? Mekong River 2. Which country is known for its floating markets, a reflection of the importance of rivers in the region? Thailand 3. How do the population patterns of mainland Southeast Asia differ from that of Insular Southeast Asia (Islands)? Mekong River delta very fertile and flat. The population follows the rivers in Mainland Southeast Asia. Vietnam is very mountainous most of the population is on the coast and the Mekong river delta Islands many islands have few people. Larger islands are usually more 55%of the population.is large but not heavily populated. Java, Indonesia 4. In terms of physical geography, how does the island of Borneo differ from the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra? Borneo has no volcanoes and was part of the mainland of SE Asia. It is made up of limestone, poor soil & less populated. Sumatra & Java are volcanic. 5. Compared to the Pacific Ocean, why was the death toll from the 2004 Sumatra Tsunami so widespread, affecting all regions along the Indian Ocean rim? Asia did not have warning bouys sent out and the Indian Ocean was not aware it was going to occur so everyone was hit without preparation. Learned that they need a warning system. 6. Though not the sole reason, the eruption of what volcano aided in the closing of Clark Air Base? Mnt. Pinatubo in the Philippines 7. How did Malaysia and Indonesia differ in their approach to deforestation on the island of Borneo? Thailand banned commercial logging. They wanted to protect environment. Created a Kutai national park to protect forest & wildlife. Malaysia heavily logged for Japanese markets. 8. What is a primate city? Countries largest city is many times larger than the 2 largest city. 9. Know what explains the high birth rates in the Philippines, East Timor, and Laos. Catholic, ban on contraceptives. Makes them underdeveloped, poor. Economics & religion work against them. 10. What is transmigration? Indonesian policy to get people to move from Java to other islands. Ease population strain, government offers money, not forced but encouraged. People return because of cultural differences & farming 11. Why have farmers from the island of Java struggled to reproduce farming practices on other islands, such as Borneo? Farming techniques in Java are different from rainforest soil on different soil and it’s hard to adjust. 12. Who are the Rohingya? Move from Bangladesh to Myanmar, persecuted by Myanmar people. Native Burmans say they aren’t a minority, the British brought them over & they need to go back to Bangledesh. 13. What economic activity have some of the rebel groups in Karen state used to fund its opposition against the Myanmar government? Golden Triangle: Opium/heroine trafficking 14. Know the three major outside influences discussed in class. Expect a “which of the following is NOT…” type of question South Asian Influence: brought in architectural styles Chinese Influence: impact mainland; Thailand, Vietnam, Lao Islamic Influence: bring religion to spice islands 15. What particular event provided the catalyst for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawai'i? Because the US was in the Philippines, “too close for comfort” Thought they could get US out of the region by doing this 16. Due to its large Englishspeaking population, which East Asian country is becoming a site for U.S. call centers? Philippines 17. Know the two Christian countries in Southeast Asia. East Timor and the Philippines 18. Though more violent than other groups in southern Philippines, what is the ultimate goal of the terrorist group Abu Sayyaf? Fight for Serria law. Radical, extreme group. Chritian vs. Muslim battle Want autonomy: more rights for them to control the south Battle against the government (Religion vs. government) 19. Which Southeast Asian language’s written language was designed by French missionaries, and thus today uses a Latinbased alphabet and script? Vietnamese 20. What purpose did the declaration of Bahasa Indonesian serve the country? Unify the people through a national language, had Indonesian diversity. 21. How did the United States misunderstand the situation in Viet Nam? Approached Viet Nam very carefully. US government was funding France and helping them after their loss in war. Viet Nam divided in N & S. (South was more independent) Allowed for elections to decide how to unify the 2 places. US thought Ho Chi Minh was a communist. N & S Viet Nam loved him & he was our George Washington. (US & Viet Nam on 2 different pages) Misunderstanding: US fighting communism, Viet Nam was fighting independence. US tried to stop communism: fought limited war, had a small scope. N. Viet Nam wanted independence 22. Most Hmong that fled to the U.S. reside in which region of the country, a fact reflected in the film Gran Torino? Midwest: ex) Minnesota 23. Which country invaded Cambodia, acting as a sort of savior to help end the "Killing Fields" and the brutal regime of Pol Pot? Vietnam 24. What was the primary cause of the increase in commercial, Westernoriented prostitution in Thailand? Used to comfort stationed soldiers who were away from home, wives knew & young boys to become experienced. Handicapped women typically. Vietnam war ended & Thailand became “land of sex” to use prostitutes aside from comforting soldiers, they were left after the war. 25. In terms of prevalence, which region of Thailand has been affected the hardest by HIV? The North: it’s a poorer region, not enough doctors to take care of them. 26. What is the primary source of division with regards to the ongoing turmoil in Thailand? Ruralurban divide Yingluck Shinawatra tried to reform rural areas. In doing so it shifted money from urban to rural areas. Government came in and undid what Yingluck did. Red represents the rural, yellow represents urban (support the king) Try to help rural people and urban people get angry 27. What attribute is unique about the Mingangkabau of Sumatra? Matrilineal society Power handed down on female side, usually on the male side. Property & power handed down through female side of family. 28. What is the source of the resource dispute between Australia and East Timor? Oil fields Major oil field given to Australia, Zone of cooperation made by Indonesia. 80% given to Australia & 20% to Indonesia. East Timor said line should be further out so Timor would get some of it, Timor did not get any though & it favored Australia. East Timor now gets 80% and Australia gets 20%. Fought off Indonesia & East Timor can now develop. 29. Which water body creates a natural “choke point” that generates opportunities for pirate attacks in Southeast Asia? Straight of Malacca 30. What country essentially banned Christmas by outlawing public displays of the holiday? Brunei 31. What was the principle cause for Malaysia to kick out Singapore? Singapore is 75% Chinese & Malaysia doesn't like China
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