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Intro Cultural Anthropology

by: Creola Goldner

Intro Cultural Anthropology ANTH 2200

Creola Goldner
GPA 3.67

Ricardo Contreras

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About this Document

Ricardo Contreras
Class Notes
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Creola Goldner on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 2200 at East Carolina University taught by Ricardo Contreras in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see /class/221325/anth-2200-east-carolina-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at East Carolina University.

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Date Created: 10/11/15
Chapter 1 Anthropology and the Study of Culture agency the ability of humans to make choices and exercisefree will even Within dominating structures 11 the study of humanity including its prehistoric origins and anthropomgy contemporary human diversity 12 39 the Lise of anthropological knowledge to prevent or solve a p plled a nth r0p0ogy problems orto shape and achieve JDIICV goals 13 archaeology the study of past human cultures through their material remains Chapter 1 Anthropology and the Study of Culture biological anthropology the study of humans as biological organisms including evolution and contemporary variation a theorythat explains human behavior and ideas as shaped mainly by biological features such as genes and hormones 15 biological determinism 16 class 17 a way of categorizing people on the basis oftheir economic positions In society usually measured In terms of income or wealth cultural anthropology the study of living peoples and their cultures including variation and change Chapter 1 Anthropology and the Study of Culture cultural constructionism a theorythat explains human behavior and ideas as shaped 9 mainly by learnln 19 39 39 a theorva theorvthat takes material features of life such as CUItural materlallsm the environment natural resourcesan mo e o ivelihood as the bases for explaining social organization and ideology 110 39 39 the perspective that each culture must be understood in CUItural relatlwsm terms ofthe va ues and ideas 0 that culture and should not be judged by the standards of another culture 141 culture people39s learned and shared behaviors and beliefs Chapter 1 Anthropology and the Study of Culture ethnicny a shared sense of identity among a group based on a heritage language or culture 113 39 judging another culture by the standards of one39s own Ethnocentrlsm culture rather than by the standards of that particular H4 39 39 the theorvthat a culture is similar to a biological organism in functlonallsm which parts work to supportthe operation and maintenance ofthe whole 13915 gender culturallv constructed and learned behaviors and ideas attributed to males females or blended genders Chapter 1 Anthropology and the Study of Culture globalization increased and intensified international ties related to the spread of Western especially US capitalism that affects all world cultures holism the perspective in anthropology that cultures are complex systems that cannot be fully understood withou aying attention to theirdi erent com nents includin eco omic and reproductive systems social organization and ideology indigenous peoples groups of people who have a longstanding connection with their home territories that predates colonial or outside societies prevailing in thatterritories interpretive anthropology a theory which says that cultures are best understood by studying what people think about their ideas and the meanings that are importantto em Chapter 1 Anthropology and the Study of Culture linguistic anthropology the study of human communication including its origins history and contemporary variation and change 121 39 39 the transformation of global culture by local cultures into localization mg mg new 122 39 a distinct pattern of learned and shared behavior and mm rOCUItU re thinking found within larger cultures 13923 quotracequot a classification of people into groups on the basis of supposedly homogeneous biological traits such as skin color or hair characteristics Chapter 1 Anthropology and the Study of Culture rainforest an environment found at midlatitudes of tall broadleaf evergreen trees with annual rainfall of 400 centimeters or 60 inches and no dry season stru cturism a theoretical position concerning human behavior and ideas that says large forces such as the economy social an political organizations and the media shape what people do and thin symbol an object word or action with culturally defined meaning that stands forsomething else most symbols are arbitrary synchronic a quotonetimequot view of a culture that devotes little or no attention to its past


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