Dev Psych HDAL 2310
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This 33 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carson Pagac MD on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDAL 2310 at East Tennessee State University taught by Karin Bartoszuk in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see /class/221395/hdal-2310-east-tennessee-state-university in Human Development at East Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Human evelopmeh Chapter 1 Scientific Study of Human evelopment gt Is the science that seeks to understand how and why people allinds ofpeope change with increasing age from conception until death and how and why they remain the same WK W ME 1 D a Science depends on theories data analysis critical thinking and methodology to answer how and why o Diversity young old rich poor male female of every ethnicity background 0 Connection between Change and Time How we Change from conception to death How we development over time focusing on all the changes of human life from the beginning to the end amp gt Ecological Model pg 6 x 5 Characteristics of evelopment gt Recognizes the sources of continuity and discontinuity from the beginning of life to the end This perspective recognizes that development is 0 Multidirectional o Muticontextual o Multicultural o Multidisciplinary o Plasticity amp iMultidirectional gt Definition Characteristic of development referring to its nonlinear progression gains and losses compensations and deficits predictable and unpredictable changes gt 3 aspects dynamic change butterfly effect and continuity 0 Dynamic change continual change that occurs within each person and each social group example growth amp 0 Butterfly effect in which even a tiny change in one system can have a profound effect on the other systems of development 0 Power of continuitv in which even larger changes seemingly have no effect x E 2 Multicontextual gt Definition A characteristic of development that takes into account that each human life takes place within a number of contexts historical socioeconomic and cultural gt Historical context 0 Cohort a group of people born within a few years of each other who tend to share certain historical and social influences and experiences amp 0 Research into the historical context reveals that our ideas about development continue to change An idea build on shared perceptions is a social construction Role of computers Is there a different view between the younger middle and older cohorts a gt Socioeconomic SES Context 0 Determined by many overlapping factors including income education place of residence and occupation At the bottom of the SES ladder for example limited opportunities and intensified social pressures conspire to make growing up especially difficult o Affects families and neighborhoods amp gt Cultural Context Affects development in may ways from how parents feed or discipline their children to the ways in which they emphasize children s education 3 Multicultural gt Comparing several cultures makes it easier to notice universal different pattern in development c We can look at 0 Ethnic groups share attributes such as heritage national origin religion language 0 Race problematic concept why amp 4 Multidisciplinary gt Many academic fields contribute insight and data to the science of development c Eg Biology sociology psychology therapy etc 0 Mirror Neurons mg 14 6 N 5 Plasticity gt 2 aspects of development 0 Human traits can be molded into different shapes and forms yet 0 People maintain a certain durability amp evelopmental Study as a Sc i e n ce gt The Scienti c Method Formulate a Research question Develop a hypothesis Test the hypothesis Draw conclusions and if applicable Make ndings available amp SJ39PPE JL Research Methods gt Observation 0 Correlation and Causation amp gt Experiment gt Survey gt Case Study 1 u 2 A A C Studying Changes over Time gt Cross Sectional Research gt Longitudinal Research gt Cross Sequential Research Quantity and Quality gt Quantitative research data can be ranked categorized or numbered to make comparisons surveys gt Qualitative asking open ended questions observations videos etc amp Ethics and Science pg 27 29 gt Code of ethics x The First Two Years Cognitive Development Piaget Sensorimotor Intelligence Adaptation Sensorimotor Intelligence Stages Primary circular reactions Stage 1 birth1 month Reflexes Stage 2 14 months Acquired adaptation Secondary circular reactions Stage 3 48 months Making interesting sites last Stage 4 812 months new adaptation and anticipation Tertiary circular reactions Stage 5 1218 months new means through active experience Stage 6 1824 months new means through mental combinations Object permanenceunderstand an object exist after they cannot see it anymore Around 8 months e49 39F Information Processing modeled on computer functioning Affordances Opportunity for interaction Visual cliff Movement and People Dynamic perception Fascination with people Memory Experimental conditions are similar to real life Motivation is high Special measures aid memory retrieval More Memory About 6 month able to retain information longer About 1 year old can imitated a person whose action they had observed a day earlier Middle of second year able to remember and reenact more complete sequences Language Development Timing varies Sequence same Listening responding Babbling 69 months First words about 1 year Theories of Language Learning Infants need to be taught behaviorism Infants teach themselves verbal learning Social impulses foster infant language social pragmatic Hybrid theory mmsetsumedia2etsueduinfants20an d20toddlers20coqnitive
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