Biological Bases of Behavior
Biological Bases of Behavior PSY 853
Popular in Course
Popular in Psychlogy
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Mellie O'Conner on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 853 at Eastern Kentucky University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see /class/221436/psy-853-eastern-kentucky-university in Psychlogy at Eastern Kentucky University.
Reviews for Biological Bases of Behavior
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/11/15
Chapter 5 Reading Guide PSY 853 Biological Basis of Behavior Connections 1 2 3 4 What sites does caffeine effect List three bene cial effects of caffeine List three withdrawal effects that typically occur when people take themselves off caffeine List 4 things that can disrupt the knife s edge balance of neurochemistry Neurochemicals 5 0 0 O LA 16 What is the other name for epinephrine List the chemicals involved in the biosynthetic pathway of the catecholamines b D i OOI 19 About how many neurotransmitters have been formally identified Define the following terms prepare these definitions in as ashcards or two column table Neuropeptides Neurohormones Neuromodulator Agonist Antagonist Reuptake Why is Acetylcholine considered a classical neurotransmitter Complete the following In the synthesis of ACh acetylcholine the chemical precursor found in lipids obtained from the diet and the cation which is attached to the enzyme are combined when the enzyme choline acetyltransferase ChAT catalyzes the reaction There are two types of ACh receptors List and identify as either metabatropic or ionotropic H1999 Name the enzyme that scavenges the left over ACh following neurotransmission at a synapse List the peripheral effects of ACh first line on page 153 12 Identify the most agreed0n cognitive function of ACh 14 List the central effects of ACh What neurodegenerative disease provides an example of the devastating effects of ACh disruption Can choline supplements dietary enhance the cognitive effects associated with ACh List the catecholamines You don t need to know the names of the enzymes that product the chemical conversion at each step VMAT is a membrane mechanism pump What does it pump 45 46 In addition to the pumps that effect reuptake of the catecholamines there are two chemicals that reduce the concentration of the catecholamines in the synaptic cleft by deactivation chemical breakdown Name them Which of these is inhibited by an older class of antidepressants List the main dopamine DA agonists that produce staggering cost to society List the four functions of dopamine DA List the 6 functions of norepinephrine NE What is the basic amino acid that is the precursor of serotonin 5HT Can dietary levels of this amino acid in uence the production of serotonin How many serotonin receptors have been identified SERT is a membrane mechanism pump What does it pump What function does this provide What enzyme degrades serotonin What is the effect of Prozac on the SERT What serotonin agonist was popularized by Dr Timothy Leary in the 1960 s List the excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter What is one ofthe major roles for Glu in the CNS see page 163 Identify neurotoxicity Neurotoxicity from overexcitation of NMDA receptors has been implicated as a possible cause of the cognitive effects seen in what psychiatric disorder Name the primary inhibitory amino acid neurotransmitter in the brain page 164 Name the primary inhibitory amino acid neurotransmitter in the brainstem and spinal cord page 166 Does GABA increase or decrease the likelihood of seizure epileptic activity Name two classes of GABA agonists that lead to relaxation and sedation What is the most popular drug that interacts with GABA What is the street name of MDMA How many different neurotransmitters are involved in the effects of MDMA Has neurotoxicity been conclusively demonstrated in humans using MDMA Define the following terms prepare these definitions in as ashcards or two column table a Endogenous opiods b Endorphin c Oxytocin Why is oxytocin called the cuddle chemical Describe the diet used by Karyn Seroussi with her autistic son Neu rochemistry of the Stress Response 4 52 53 7 48 49 50 51 Define fightor ight response Who identified the fightor ight reaction What area of the brain controls the sympathetic nervous system What is the HPA The sympathetic response occurs within seconds How long does it take the HPA to respond What is the function of the hippocampus in stress response List one stress related function of the amygdala 54 List one stress related function of the Locus coeruleus 55 De ne the following terms prepare these de nitions in as ashcards or two column table a Psychoactive drugs b Af nity c Efficacy d Pharmacokinetics 56 List the four processes in pharmacokinetics