Popular in Colonial North America
Popular in History
This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Jack Bethke on Thursday November 13, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to HSTAA 301 at a university taught by Prof. Johnson in 2014. Since its upload, it has received 173 views.
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Date Created: 11/13/14
111314 From Resistance to Rebellion 176675 0 Events Townshend duties John Dickinson s Farmer s Letters Troops to Boston 1770 massacre Lull 17703 but growing patriot organization through committees of correspondence 0 Episcopalians were trying to become and were becoming bishops in America The Puritans saw parallels between this and the persecution they had suffered in the old world at the hands of the bishops Not just the stamping of America but the Episcopizing of America as well 0 The imperial system once seen as benevolent had come to be seen as corrupt and tyrannical They were treating the colonists as second class citizens Newspapers devoted to criticizing government were created 0 Townshend became the new financial minister in a time of economic depression Felt that the colonists only reacted to internal taxes thought that external taxes ones that regulated external trade would be passable like the Sugar Act had been 0 New York protests the quartering of troops in their city parliament tries to disband the New York Colonial Assembly in order to pass their quartering laws 0 These laws affected the merchant class more than anyone as their exports were now being taxed due to the Townshend duties 0 John Dickinson was actually a lawyer but he felt a farmer would have more widespread appeal Recognized parliament s authority in the colonies but said they had no right to pass the internal and external taxes that they were Dickinson called for peaceful and unified resistance The Massachusetts assembly also circulated a protest letter to various assemblies 0 Smuggling reached epidemic proportions in Boston and when customs officials tried to enforce laws on them the people threatened or otherwise coerced the officials Led the British to send two regiments of Redcoats to Boston which turned out to be a mistake 0 Boston rallied against the troops Portrayed them negatively in newspapers deposed any newspapers that had a favorable outlook on the troop presence As tensions rose a mob attacked the British sentry guarding the Customs House and as the troops were pelted with snowballs shots rang out leaving 5 Boston citizens dead in the Boston Massacre 0 Officer and troops were put on trial for manslaughter John Adams defends the British troops who were convicted but were essentially pardoned afterwards 0 This event followed by Boston Massacre sermons calmed down the atmosphere of Boston It happened as Britain was actually backing off of the colonies They had repealed many of the duties except the one on tea 0 The colonists were showing a more militant and unified opposition to the crown Radicals gained ground in the opposition 0 The emergence of radical leaders as Sam Adams Christopher Gadsden Alexander McDougall Improving upon events 0 Sam Adams wrote the State of the Rights of Colonists and put forth the idea that the colonists deserved rights of MAN not just Englishmen 0 Thomas Jefferson wrote a pamphlet discussing the history of personal rights in England Invented a different view of English history Signed off of his pamphlet with a note to George III George be good If the king was good they would stay if not they would leave 0 Franklin changes with the wind He becomes a skilled satirist against the British He also got hold of some letters from Mass Gov Hutchinson which said that the king should restrict English rights in the colonies Franklin gave this to radicals in Boston who used it to attack the colonial system Did not become a radical patriot until the 1770s 0 Evolution of the social bases of the revolutionary movement in the 1770s The inflammatory acts had alienated many of the respectable people of the colonies Because of this the leaders of the movement were from the middleclass They were not necessarily the leaders of the assemblies They formed revolutionary cells in the cities and create position papers to be circulated through the cities and countryside They were men on the make 0 Sam Adams was among these men Had gone to Harvard and eventually became the leader of the Boston Caucus Was at one point a tax collectoer but didn t actually collect Adams was able to recruit many intelligent people like John Adams Joe Warren and Josiah Quincy among others 0 Gaspee burning 1772 Quebec Act 1774 0 The Gaspee ran aground and was subsequently burned by a group of radicals The crown treated this as treason and tried to capture the culprits but were unable to do so 0 The Quebec Act was an attempt to further settle the gov of French Canada There was a British military gov in place but he French Canadians wanted to hold onto their more authoritarian gov the British allow this to happen but it looks like a toleration of Catholicism by the colonists Also a symbol of the crowns support of authoritarian government Also gave the gov of Cnada jurisdiction all the way south through the Ohio Valley into present day Missouri Seen as an attempt to keep the colonists from expanding into the interior 0 Quebec Act was the ember that helped ignite the populace 0 Boston Tea Party of Dec 73 precipitates British Coercive Acts to punish Boston and colonial unity as in August 74 first Continental Congress 0 Trying to prop up the tea industry the East India Company needed help and they wanted to send the tea to America for less hoping to sell more The colonists cried monopoly and thought the British were trying to take over all of colonial business in the form of a trading company as the EITC ruled over India 0 Propaganda in England opposed what parliament and the crown were doing to America Copied by colonists opposing the tea import in America 0 Colonists threaten action against the tea import the governor requests it be brought in anyway and protected if possible The colonists took action dressed as Indians they went to the ship and poured the tea into Boston Harbor costing the British 10s of thousands of pounds of tea 0 The radical colonists were now backed by a unified colonial assembly People were made to pledge allegiance to this association Everywhere in Mass This association was ousting Royal governments all over the colony Boston was under occupation and surrounded by hostile towns 0 April 75 clash at Lexington and Concord 0 General Gates sent his troops to Concord to seize weapons being gathered theie Paul Revere and William Dawes ride out to warn everyone 0 Troops meet militia in Lexington before they arrived at Concord the first shots were fired 0 Looking back problems of causation shortterm triggers Tea Party etc mediumterm precipitants l760s policies and colonial reactions longterm preconditions social political and economic growth The importance of methods and perceptions communications propaganda subverting legitimacy crowd action Need to distinguish intentions from results rebellion from revolution