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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abdul Dach on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 152 at Eastern Kentucky University taught by Ida Kumoji-Ankrah in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/221450/art-152-eastern-kentucky-university in Art at Eastern Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Shape Shapes are the building blocks of Design It is a line enclosing an area Such use of line is called outline or contour Shapes satisfy our human need to create order by distinguishing parts and establishing wholes The use of shapes in composition can communicate much about the nature of an object or the intent of the artist Types of shapes Geometric shapes they are used to indicate solidity or rigidity They are rectangular triangular and circular These can be used to suggest manmade and arti cial structures or precise geometric compositions Biomogphic shapes 7 These shapes are often used to represent an object in nature or to illustrate a soft or owing feeling to the Viewer It could be used to create a more relaxed and natural uid feeling For example a tree with its branch Objective shapes this shape is used to represent or make reference to an object existing in the real world Although the shape would not look like the original it takes on a smaller structure Non Objective This type of shape makes no reference objects in the real world and has no recognizable subject matter Non objective shapes can include organic and geometric shapes and are often abstract patterns Creating shapes 0 Shapes are often created by an enclosed space within an edge contour o Shapes can be created based on Visual properties color line value and texture Closure Process through which we create implied shapes by perceiving an organizing principle that unites various elements Closure helps to explain how we recognize and understand things we see Shape Dimensions Shapes are often categorized as planes two dimensional or volumes mass three dimensional Planar shapes appear at and decorative But planes can take an illusion of dimensionality by adding spatial clues such as shading and perspective These are called volumes and they take certain amount of space o Shapes de ne by the ending position of the lines 0 Mind lling in the missing information o Volumetric shapes created using shading e g a group of grapes strawberries o Geometric shapes create a sense of stability Figgre Ground In a 2D Surface we see shapes or gures surrounded by more or less empty space These gures are often referred to as the positive space of a composition while the empty space surrounding the positive space is called the negative space Composition 1 N 5 Eye movement We cannot clearly focus on a whole artwork all at once Our eyes must explore the piece moving from one detail in the next Thus directing the viewer s eyes to important points of interest and creating a visual ow that ties then together Our eyes must explore the piece moving from one detail to the next Rhythm The artist should not just consider the eye movement but also the speed ow and cadence of its movement Sharp change causes us to slow down while curving and continuous paths encourage our eye to move along quickly The spacing and duration pauses cause the visual rhythm of the piece Levels Shape that can be subdivided into smaller shapes Shape and the principles of design the desired degree and type of balance achieved the observer s attention is controlled both in terms of direction and duration the appropriate ration of harmony and variety results the space concept achieves consistency throughout the work Uses of Shapes 0 To achieve order harmony and variety these are all related to the principles of design 0 To create the illusion of mass volume and space on the surface of the line picture plane 0 To extend the observer s attention or interest span
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