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This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Jack Bethke on Thursday November 13, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to HSTFM 150 at a university taught by Richard Johnson in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 34 views.
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Date Created: 11/13/14
111014 Abolition of the Transatlantic Slave Trade TAST Why end the transatlantic Slave Trade 0 The trade was a valuable economic asset The British were the leading transporters of slaves in the 18 century carrying around 40 of slave exports from Africa The trade provided many forms of work for British citizens at the time I John Carey a merchant called the TAST the best commercial traffic the Kingdom hath The slaves that were delivered to British colonies in the Americas were the engine that produced the valuable cash crops such as tobacco and sugar Goods that were not available to the average person before were now becoming easily accessible such as sugar and tobacco very important crops and later rice from the Carolinas Slave trade itself brought substantial profits just through investment in the voyages Average profits for British slave traders in the 18 century was up to 10 4 main sources of wealth from the TAST I Employment of British workers in maritime industry I Overseas market for British manufactured goods I Expropriated labor of African slaves I Profit from investments in slave trading voyages Not selfevident that the British would end this trade on their own so why would they I 3 contributing factors 0 Enlightenment philosophy universal human equality natural birth rights to personal freedom Creates a context where it becomes plausible to question the slave trade there had been no sense that the TAST was not moral before this period 0 Evangelical Christianity swept across the British Atlantic world in the late 18 century called the Great Awakening in America Evangelicalism placed great emphases on the personal conduct of the believer in accordance with the gospel of Jesus Christ Led some not all to become outwardly and loudly hostile to the slave trade and sometimes to slavery itself William Wilberforce led the fight against the slave trade in the British parliament after his conversion to Evangelical Christendom 0 Economic Theory thoughts of wage labor being a more ethical and more productive and profitable form of labor Wage labor was the progression of labor as seen by these men I Growing public discourse about what really goes on inside the slave trade I Thomas Clarkson was a chief activist of a public campaign against the slave trade He investigated the conditions inside the slave ships He would interview slave crews about their journeys He exposed the public and forced them to witness the systematic torture that the slaves went through on their way to the New World I One of the main factors in the abolitionist s arguments was the mortality rates of the slaves en route Led to debate in legislation regarding regulating and downsizing the slave trade Pictures of the interior of crowded slave ships made people contemplate the effects of months at a time confinement in these spaces I In 1788 parliament passes laws outlawing ships from carrying more than 482 slaves where they had previously been transporting between 600800 slaves per trip Tight packing packing vessels as tight as physically possible became a major component to the abolitionist movement and the laws of 1788 were a response to this growing discontent 0 Slaves are not on a cruise Just because they are packing less slaves doesn t mean that the treatment gets better These laws were minimizing suffering but in the context of the period this in effect just meant less torture not an absence of torture 0 Chronology of abolition of the TAST I Important to note that one could be against the TAST but in favor of the continuation of slavery Some of the most radical abolitionists were against both but it was not mutually exclusive I Denmark 1803 The first European state to outlaw the TAST but they were not a major player in it anyway I Great Britain 1807 Much more important Culmination of a 30 year battle led by Thomas Clarkson and others who had worked to inform the public and gain support in Parliament In uenced Wilberforce and others to help pass this legislation Anyone who had been a customer of the British slave industry from Virginia to Brazil were no longer gaining slaves from these traders 0 One extreme debate in this argument was Capitalism and Slavery written by Eric Williams the black Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago Argued that the Industrial Revolution was a direct product of slavery Says that the abolition of the slave trade was fueled by nothing more than economic preservation and selfinterest they had realized that the slave trade had ran its course 0 Other end of the spectrum said that abolition was against Britain s economic interests Argued by 20 century economic historians with more info than Williams had They said that the TAST was very profitable for the British all the way through the 18th century and committed econocide by abolishing it proponents of this argument overlooked the fact that the British at the time of abolition did not have the hindsight and data available to the later historians United States 1808 0 Called for in the American Constitution ratified in 1789 0 Didn t end slavery in America just the legal importation of slaves Dutch Republic 1814 0 Easy to do because they were no longer heavily invested in the TAST were more focused on colonizing Indonesia France 1818 0 Had lost Haiti already and that was their most profitable slave based colony anywhere Haitian independence in 1804 the Jewel of the Caribbean led them to turn over the Louisiana Territory to the Jefferson administration 0 TAST no longer important to their economy Brazil officially in 1831 but not enforced until the 1850s under pressure from the British Spain 1835 Last known voyage took place in 1866 carried 851 slaves from an unknown portion of Africa and deposited the 700 survivors in Cuba
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