INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION CMST 440
Eastern Washington University
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michale Zboncak on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CMST 440 at Eastern Washington University taught by Igor Klyukanov in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see /class/221495/cmst-440-eastern-washington-university in Communication Studies at Eastern Washington University.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Unit 1 The First Amendment enshrined in the US Bill of Rights takes a libertarian approach to press freedom 0 True Most of Western nations in Europe do not share with US a libertarian approach to press freedom 0 True People in US embrace the negative view of freedom 0 True In reporting news myth has always affirmed the authority and superiority of the reporting nation s social order 0 True The Freedom of Information Act commonly known as the F OIA was enacted by Congress in 1966 to give the American public greater access to the Federal Govemment s records 0 True The Communications Act of 1934 which created the Federal Communications Commission FCC re ected a continuing effort by Congress to both encourage and regulate electronic communication in the United States 0 True The commercial software used to identify and block Internet content by different nations is generally developed in the West 0 True To Marx press freedom was not a means to an end but rather an end in itself 0 False The legislation called the Daniel Pearl Freedom of the Press Act required the State Department determine whether foreign governments participate in or condone violations of press freedom 0 True 5 In 1766 According to an OpenNet Initiative report issued in Oxford England Instead of blocking speci c Web sites many national governments are focusing on entire Intemetbased applications like YouTube Skype and Google Maps 0 True Although the expectations that economic reforms and external openness might lead Cina to democratic modernization was dampened b the Tiananmen Square tragedy the last decade of the 20Lh century nevertheless witnessed a revival of Chinese interest in media reform 0 True There is no such thing as total freedom of expression or press freedom anywhere in the world 0 True David M White s famous gatekeeping study in which he described an anonymous newspaper editor as Mr gates was conducted during 1950 s Which article in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states this Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression this right includes freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers This article shall not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting television or cinema enterprises 19 0 Which document contains the following article Everyone has the right to freedom of expression This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers This article shall not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting television or cinema enterprises o The European Convention on Human Rights Press freedom in China is situated at the intersection of o Relativism and Pragmatism enacted the rst constitutional protection of press freedom anywhere in the world 0 Sweden Unit 2 18 E 0 Which dimension is not part of the fourfold framework of press freedom discussed in the book 0 Realism According to Article 10 of The European Convention on Human Rights the exercise of which freedom is not subject to restrictions 0 Freedom of assembly Which thinker is best known for articulating libertarian views toward free expression 0 John Stuart Mill The purpose of propaganda is to promote the propagandist s cause by presenting all possible sides of an issue 0 False Launched in 1990 Television Marti has been very successful in its propaganda to bring democracy to the island 0 False Frequently the domestic reward of disseminating international propaganda are so great that the lack of a significant foreign audience of effect becomes largely irrelevant 0 True According to some recent research Nazi Arabiclanguage propaganda helped introduce radical antiSemitism into the Middle East where it found common ground with antJewish currents in Islam 0 True Although propaganda takes many forms it is always in some form of activated ideology 0 True Most international propaganda is driven more by the internal political dynamics of the propagandist s country than by the needs of the target audience 0 True gt1 9 N LA 4 Propaganda exists in every society and political system 0 True Most scholars trace the first use of the term propaganda to the Congregatio de Propaganda Fide 7 a committee of cardinals appointed by Pope Gregory XV 0 True The mass medium of the printing press predates international propaganda 0 False The propagandist s tries to convince by presenting atwodimensional form of demonstration 0 False The word propaganda first became to be used in the o 17111 century The propaganda model advanced by Edward S Herman and Noam Chomsky sees news content at re ecting the ideology of dominant corporatepolitical elites determined by a series of lters What lter does the description below refer to Government and newspromoters strive to make it easier for news organizations to buy their services by providing them with facilities in which to gather giving journalists advance copies of speeches and forthcoming reports scheduling press conferences at hours well geared to news deadlines writing press releases in usable language carefully organizing their press conferences and photo opportunity sessions 0 Sourcing With the Soviet Union s collapse Edward S Herman and Noam Chomsky have argued that one possible replacement for anticommunism as antiideology will become 0 Antiterrorism Which propaganda technique does the following description refer to Associating something with a virtue world used to make people accept something without examining the evidence 0 Glittering generality N 9 N 9 Which propaganda technique does the following description refer to Use of facts or falsehood in order to give the best or worst possible case for an issue Card stacking Which propaganda technique does the following description refer to Using the authority of something or someone over something or someone else in order to make the latter more acceptable 0 Transfer Propaganda is considered to be distinguished from casual conversation or easy exchange of ideas by All of the above Which one is not a technique of propaganda identified by Severin and Tankard o Transference Which term is used by Chomsky and Herman to describe targeted efforts to discredit organizations or individuals who disagree with or cast doubt on the prevailing assumptions Flak Most human beings agree on some basic values such as human rights the good of the nation and selfdetermination Touraine called it o The principle of universality The dominant early paradigm of development communication relied on a linear model of communication effects 0 True According to the new paradigm of development communication diffusion of innovations must be transactional rather than linear 0 True Colonial discourse analysis as a framework involves a quantitative reading of any material not just journalism 0 False 4 0 9 L A technological determinist does not believe that technology is the main cause of social changes in society 0 False Postcolonial in a very general sense is the study of the interactions between European nations and the societies they colonized in the modern period 0 True With the publication of Daniel Lemer s landmark 1958 book on communication and development The Passing of Traditional Society the early paradigm of development communication was forcefully presented 0 True The early paradigm of development communication cannot be related to the magic multiplier effect of the media 0 False To build the nation means to manufacture a national legitimacy and to create a new national marker and economy outside of former colonial boundaries 0 False In the Western academy the field of postcolonial studies has been gaining prominence following from the publication of Edward Said s in uential critique of Western constructions of the Orient in his 1978 book Orientalism 0 True Marshall McLuhan was atechnological determinist 0 True The diffusion theories of development are associated with the name of The term global village was coined by 0 Marshall McLuhan The field of Postcolonial Studies has been gaining prominence since 0 The 1970 s ON O N O N The colonial discourse mode described below is know as Discourse in which the colonizer makes claim to the land and its natural resources 0 Appropriation The colonial discourse mode described below is know as Description of landscapes interiors and physical bodies 0 Surveillance The colonial discourse mode described below is know as Discourse in which the colonialist writer in often contemptuous terms explicitly blames an indigenous people for their problems 0 Debasement The colonial discourse mode described below is know as Discourse in which the colonized people are treated merely as props for the colonialist writer s world 0 Insubstantialization Which on is not emphasized by the new model of development communication 0 Nation building Which term is not associated with the early model of development communication 0 Indigenous communication systems Research shows that entertainmenteducation o All of the above are correct In the view deriving from Marx culture and communication are seen as the basis of capitalist economic expansion 0 False With its roots in Marxist analysis culture dependency theory does not treat media as part of the economic relations of dependency between nations 0 False V39 9 Dependency theory does not give much attention to the interaction of the audience with the actual texts or content of the cultural products 0 True World systems theory shares with imperialism and dependency theories an underlying economic determinism 0 True Cultural imperialism does not see capitalism as a homogenizing cultural force that produced an reproduces consumerism 0 False Media imperialism focuses primarily on balanced media import and export relationships between nations 0 False The West and the US in particular have recently been spreading our modern knowledge of mental illness around the world 0 True In 2007 Bhutan ranked as the happiest country in the world according to the Happy Planet Index 0 False The US domestic media infrastructure has its roots in the First Amendment to the US Constitution 0 True It seems more sensible to assign nations to one of the three categories 7 periphery semiperiphery and core 7 than to place nations on a continuum to depict their degree of dependency 0 False In general today we see a movement away from deterministic Views of the political economy of television 0 True Mental health professionals in the Wes and in the United States in particular create official categories of mental diseases and promote them in a diagnostic manual that has become the worldwide standard 0 True Most scholars consider Increased production of media technologies in the Third World has not facilitated an increased national production of programs in those countries 0 False Countries cannot license formats of their television shows in the process of the importation of content genre such as soap opera 0 False Which is not a value embedded in classic Hollywood narrative o Intellectualism The concept of hegemony was developed by 0 Gramsci Which one is not a pillar of happiness in Bhutan 0 High Gross National Product GNP The primary explanation proposed for the economic and political structure that exists between a dominant core of industrialized nations and a periphery of developing nations can be found in o AandC Critiques of cultural dependency theory focus on o All of the above a foundation and starting point for the examination of structures and contexts of international communication 0 National political economy
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