Week 6- Recessionary Japan
Week 6- Recessionary Japan ANTH 1784
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Ariza on Sunday October 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1784 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Gabriella Lukacs in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Japanese Society in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Pittsburgh.
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Date Created: 10/11/15
Recessionary Japan Recession in the 1990s Economic growth faltered by late 1980s Institutions that safeguarded economic growth Started to crumble Economic deregulation example neoliberal reforms 0 Not growing as dynamically as it did before so they froze hiring process Steven Vogel Postwar labor contract is not abandoned this is referring to the lifetime employment we learned about As opposed to labor market deregulation Japanese firms strive to preserve system of lifetime employment Employees however do not extend the system of LTE to new hires LTE lifetime employment Employers lived less The Freeter Phenomenon Hybrid of the english word Free and arbeiter Worker 0 Average length of tenure 9 months 0 1000month 0 Not only parttimers or unemployed youth but also I Choose to because they wanted to be free of the corporate world I Wanted to start their own business I Involved in own creative work I Did not want to follow dad s foot steps Two dominant understandings of Freeters 1 Negative understandings a State and industry conspired to sacrifice youth to increase profitability 2 Positive understandings a Unwilling to live workoriented lifestyles b Finance their hobbies Anne Allison Precarious Japan From mass middleclass society to a society of class difference 0 Japan has second highest poverty rate of OECD countries Irregular workers lack an affiliation they lack identity as well New face of poverty is youth Precarity Loss of job security a coherent social identity and lifestyle 0 Job security certain workers in certain countries at certain historical periods ever had in the first place Precariat Precarious proletariat temporary parttime day or contract workers Work conditions 0 Minimal pay Could be fired anytime Rarely addressed by name dehumanizing No benefits Disposable workers Work can be done by anyone OOOOO Ordinary Refugeeism Youth refuged from family and work place did not make money to start own family 0 No place to call home Youth long for normative intimacy that no longer exists Net cafe refugees young people take up temporary residence in net cafes Crisis in the family Women are more at risk to be irregular workers 0 Addition to uneducated poor foreign migrants Women do not want to marry freeters parasite singles 0 Young people cannot imagine having a family Family and dependency culture Dependency culture is in the way of entrepreneurial values BUT government is increasingly drawing upon the family as it is withdrawing from the provision of welfare Contradiction between dependency and individual responsibility Fad of aging alone Allison problematics nostalgia The Template for sociality is attached to the familycorporate system of high growth era For some LTE is the problem For others home is a problem Workaholic parents industrious parents etc Precarity politics Can be the foundation for social change new forms of collectivity 0 Soul on strike affective response 0 Connectedness has emerged as keyword Cardboard House Movement Example of how freeter generation organizes Culture and art to express political views Give visibility to those Who are invisible in urban space Transform public spaces to space of political con ict
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