Anthro 201 Art and Society The Navajo Lecture
Anthro 201 Art and Society The Navajo Lecture Anthropology 201
Popular in Art and Society in Ancient and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Lester on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Anthropology 201 at Washington State University taught by Emily Casillas in Fall 2013. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Art and Society in Ancient and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
O 0000 0000 O CO 00000 OO 0 00000 The Navajo The NavajoDine call them selves Dine Dine means people Four corner region Subsistence Foragers then agriculturalist Pastoralism sheep herding is important introduction 18th century Kinship and family Matrilineal and matrilocal External family most important institution Lacked central government Lived in hogans Economy and political history Trade important surrounding tribes and Spanish Much warfare with Spanish settlers Us Government seized control of New Mexico mid 1800s 1868 treaty signed for current day reservation Religion No division between natural and supernatural worlds The worlds is always quotbeing createdquot Three prior worlds to this one o All previous ones destroyed by chaos and imbalance Creation stories First man39s medicine bundle rst boy rst girl First boy thought First gir speech Parents of the changing women incarnate as earth and source of all human life Art and Religion Hozho maintenance of beauty and harmony on the world The world was created in a state of beauty and harmony happiness and good Conditions of beauty hand been restored chant Changing women monster slayer and child born of water Many adventures Weapons of the sun Encounter with spider women Each represented by speci c symbol in art Hochxo darkness death witchcraft Hozho and Hochxo work together is a cyclical process Dynamic keeps the world running Ceremony and ritual to restore and maintain balance 0000000 00 000000 00000 Art important component in maintaining balance Power of thought Responsibility of mortals Beauty is a process not a product Beauty is in the process of making art Creation of beauty is internal Some ritua activities Washing ChanUng Basketry Cooking Feeding the re Running Art and Hozho Process over product Every aspect of life is ceremonial Balance between good and bad in uences by balance between dynamism and stability Art Men 5 Women Ceremony sings Sing Story telling Sand paintings Weaving Pottery Iron and sliversmithing Sings Blessing way sing central ceremony Singsways Blessing way Holy way Life way Evil way War ceremonials Games way Carried out for various occasions Done to remove quotugly thingsquot Last 2 5 or 9 nights long Clockwise Ritual objects used Fetish from medicine man39s pouch Object madebrought during chant Medicines prepared Sand Painting quotPlaces where the gods came and goquot 0000 0 0000000 What sand paintings mean in Navajo language Important component for headaling sing harvest sing Done inside hogan on the oor Sand colored with natural elements Freehand by medicine man with assistants Distinct painting for each singchant Four scared mountains Four cardinal direction White shell peak east Colorado Blue turquoise Mountain south New Mexico Yellow a balaorn shell mountain west Arizona Black coal mth north Colorado Four elements Rain Light Air Pollen Rotational symmetry Contrast between staticactive For Heading ritual Sprinkled with corm pollen Wash hair with yucca suds Sandpainting heals by attract and exalting the holy people pathway of exchange Sandpainting is dynamic Destroyed after ceremony Weaving Done only by women Taught by spider women pueblo lndians taught the Navajo Originally used cotton 18005 chiefs blankets symbolized power and in uence Black and white stripes with bands of blue red or geometric shapes 18005 commercial dyes and wool cards Basic structure Center diamond Earth and inner form of changing women Side diamond Twins Vertical born for water Horizontal monster slayer39s bows Pottery Made by women Some techniques adopted from Puebloans 16th c Utilitarian and sacred Useful in everyday life and then some used for rituals When used un sings have to be perfect Silversmithing O CO 0000 O swastika Learned mid 18005 Decoration of horse bridles Now important jewelry making industry Symbolism in art Simple geometric designs Oldest design patter whirling logs otherwise known as the Steppedcloud or cloud latter where gods travel Music No division between sacred and secular Very important in ceremony for healing maintain harmony giving strength Importance given in singers memory of the songchant Emphasis on process quotif its worthwhile its beautifulquot One can quotcount his wealth in the number of songs he knowsquot The Navajo Today Balance between Navajo culture and western culture Pottery r nonceremonial uses popular in museums for sale Blankets also important source of income Silversmithing wellknown for designs Change over time in art Sandpainting Originally only for ritual and ephemeral now done for sale and are permanent Outside in uences on pottery Sculpture for sale originally for children39s toys lmpotent still placed on the process over product