Medical Anthropology Honors
Medical Anthropology Honors ANHH 371
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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Santino Farrell III on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANHH 371 at Ferris State University taught by Krishnakali Majumdar in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see /class/221608/anhh-371-ferris-state-university in Child Development at Ferris State University.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
Lesson WEEK What is anthropology Anthropology the study of peoples and cultures Holistic The whole is more than the sum of its parts Comparative Evolutionary and crosscultural Global Anthropology holistic study of peoples across times and spaces Concept of Culture Centrality of culture Definition of Culture a set of symbols ideas and meaning 3 layers of culture Culture as a lens through which people perceive and interpret their world and express it Cullural lens is fluid undergoing change and adaptation Acquired or Inherited Enculturation acculturation assimilation Misuse of Culture 0 Overemphasis of culture may lead to misunderstanding stereotypes to prejudices and discrimination 0 Never the only influence context is very importantthe historical economic social and political and geographicalindividual educational socio economic and environmental factors Context is everything Field Methods in Anthropology 0 Two main approaches to research Ethnographic Comparative Medical Anthropology Medical Anthropology is a subfield of anthropology that draws upon social cultural biological and linguistic anthropology to better understand those factors which influence health and well being broadly defined the experience and distribution of illness the prevention and treatment of sickness healing processes the social relations of therapy management and the cultural importance and utilization of pluralistic medical systems Causes for the rise of medical anthropology desire to better understand health care practices in cultural terms desire to improve health care programs crisis in medicine change in global epidemiological pattern epidemiology rise of new diseases designer medicine end of assumption of inevitable improving health cultural study of biomedicine emerges Medical anthropologists study such issues as Local interpretations of bodily processes Perceptions of risk vulnerability and responsibility for illness and health care Risk and protective dimensions of human behavior cultural norms and social institutions Preventative health and harm reduction practices The experience of illness and the social relations of sickness Ethnomedicine pluralistic healing modalities and healing processes The cultural and historical conditions shaping medical practices and policies The use and interpretation of pharmaceuticals and forms of biotechnology The commercialization and commodification of health and medicine Differential use and availability of government and private health care resources The political economy of health care provision The political ecology of infectious and vector borne diseases chronic diseases and states of malnutrition and violence A brief history of theory Theory 0 The two major long standing approaches to culture in medical anthropology may be identified by the labels sociocultural and quotBio cultural Socio Cultural Cultural constructivism Critical Medical Anthropology Bio Cultural Medical Anthropology Today Four basic approaches Interpretive Approach Ecological or evolutionary Approach Critical Medical anthropology Applied more effective health interventions Two basic ideas cultural premises shape the health related knowledge and practice in every society disease patters social norms and socio economic arrangements are intricately interrelated Perspective Used in your textbook BIOCULTURAL PERSPECTIVE Defined on page 7 Example Link found between biological changes and the social and cultural factors of a particular society in the incidence of a hereditary disease and rules of endogamy Human life cycle is notjust a universal biological fact but it is defined by culture Medicalization physical and mental changes associated with the body is seen as medical problem For example saddness old age adolescent Placing Medical anthropology among social sciences of medicine 0 Wider temporal and geographic scope Bio cultural Combination of qualitative and quantitative research strategy