WEEK TWO NOTES - Anthro 2A Prof. Egan
WEEK TWO NOTES - Anthro 2A Prof. Egan Anthro 2A
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joyce Nguy on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Anthro 2A at University of California - Irvine taught by EGAN, J. in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see INTR SOCIOCULT ANTH in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of California - Irvine.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
101215 WEEK THREE Anthro 2A 1 culture and human nature the anthropological perspective a an evolutionary perspective i chimpanzees ii had common ancestor 67 million years ago b are chimpanzees cultural creatures i making and using tools Making is such a big thing ii termite fishing c implications i if chimps are cultural humans cultural was our common ancestor cultural d fossil and archeological evidence i walking around on two legs is a human feature ii bipedalism sets us apart from chimps iii first stone tools 25 millions years ago iv modern anatomy 150000 years ago 1 already been cultural for millions of years v we have evolved biologically AS cultural creatures 2 the culture concept a intro definitions i four common allies to definitions of culture 1 culture is distinguished from society different terms a people live in human groups called societies not a group called culture b culture the meanings that we use to guide life 2 culture is distinguished from biology a differ from scientific racism b cultural differences between people around the world are NEVER due to the biological differences between us 3 culture is supraorganic a culture operates on a level above the individual b culture transcends individuals i we can t control culture individually c agency and subjectivity i agency our capacity for action innovative creative ac on ii we are NOT robots iii subjectivity an individual point of view d culture is contested 3 we question it there are different opinions about culture 4 the way we see our world is shaped by culture a culture refers to meanings images of other cultures a ethnocentrism not shaped by behavior unless the behavior is meaningful conveying particular meaning signs enabling communication language the way we dress rules and values what we should and shouldn t do and what is desirable but so much more b cultural constructs the meanings of culture are cultural constructs you construct it meanings aren t just there in nature as essences but rather these are creations of human interactions but never deliberately we don t hold meetings for what language to use examples food prepared for special cultural events for different kinds of meals i my way is the proper way ii problems for comparative analysis of culture 1 if you begin with assumption of what the people you study is wrong how do you try to understand how they live and how they work iii cultural relativism opposite of ethnocentrism 1 forms of behavior that are deeply cultural need to be understood in terms of their own cultural context 2 a methodological issue 9 ethical issues 4 right and wrong should be provisional not absolute
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