Popular in Black Women in the South
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natanya Notetaker on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AMS 200 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Jennifer Jones in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
AMS 200 1109 AM Black Women During the Civil War Civil war 18611865 a key event in African American history sectional con ict between states that remained within the United States and states that secede to form their own government committed to the maintenance of slavery Emancipation Proclamation 1863 an executive order that deemed all enslaved people in nonunion states free afterJanuary 1 1863 important to note that this legal document did not actually free any enslaved people Contraband of War 0 From beginning of the War enslaved women children and men ed to the union lines 0 quotcontraband of Warquot name given to enslaved people who ed to Union lines General Benjamin F Butler August 1861 First con scation Act rendered Union Army immune from Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 July 1862 Second Con scation Black women in Contraband Camps 0 Provided key labor to union soldiers Black and White 0 During the war Laundressescooks O Susie King Taylor Served as a nurse with Clara Barton in South Carolina 0 Mary Elizabeth Bowser worked in the confederate White House Richmond As a spy 0 Harriet Tubman Also worked as a spy Within slaveholding farms plantations and households black women used the chaos associated with the war to their advantage 0 Black women used the war to negotiate different working conditions with their owners 0 Some black women stopped working for their owners and began cultivating food for themselves 0 Others simply left De ning Freedom Reconstruction 18651877 0 State by state process in which former confederate states were readmittedquotreconstructedquot for admittance into the United States central to this process was the empowermentenfranchisement of formerly enslaved black people 0 Reconstruction Amendments 13th Amendment 1865 Abolishes Slavery 14 Amendment 1868 Provided for Equal Protection of Af 15th Amendment Enfranchised black men Freedmen39s Bureau Education Political Participation Formation of Religious and Social Institutions Reconstituting Family 0 Finding family members lost to the domestic slave trade 0 Marriage newly freed people ocked Pursuit of economic opportunity MigrationMobility 1877 end of Federal Intervention in the South Withdrawal of troops The Rise ofJim Crow During the 1870s Southern legislatures took the systematic steps to disfranchise and marginalize African Americans 0 quotJim Crowquot refers to series of laws that requires racial segregation in public places however it also refers to general system of white supremacy that marked public and private relations between whites and blacks White supremacy political ideology that perpetuates and maintains the social political and economic domination by white people Based on the idea of white superiority and others inferiority Era ofJim Crow 18771964 The Nature ofJim Crow Economic O Sharecropping people who worked others land and did not own any of their equipment O Tenant Farmers owned their own livestock and farm equipment debt central to both labor systems in return for advances for farming suppliedseeds tools mules and consumer goodsfood clothing these farmers mortgaged their crops 0 Domestic Work black women largely limited to this particular kind of employment Imprisonment 0 Black Codes legal codes that prohibited various kinds of behaviors with incarceration as the result debt theft disorderly conduct vagrancy etc 0 Convict Leasing allowed private employers to rent prisoners from the state and put them to work Political O Gains made during Reconstruction largely eviscerated O Disfranchisement 0 Poll tax literacy texts grandfather clauses Segregation 0 Jim Crow Laws laws that made racial mixing legal Racial segregation began on railroads in the 1870s moved to other forms of transportation public space 1896 Plessy v Ferguson quotseparate but equalquot deemed constitutional 0 Stephen Berrey quotJim Crow Routinequot idea that whites and blacks performed negotiated and contested the various behaviors that constituted the Jim Crow Racial Regime Gender and Jim Crow Gender was fundamental to the discursive and literal operation ofJim Crow Segregation 0 quotReconstruction as Failurequot Narrative 0 quotBlack Male Rapistquot Lynching Mob Violence 0 Fears of Miscegenation interracial Marriage 0 Sexual Assault of Black Women by White Men 0 Mammy Stereotype Group Exercise Coming to work and putting on a fake smile acting like they like the coworkers Trying to t in with Raymond After the 5th baby Raymond39s mother wants to see the baby doesn39t speak to her Toosweet waited for her to say something She left amp after that she expressed her feelings about her not speaking to them
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