Week 2 Lecture Notes- Anth 215 (Medical Anthropology)
Week 2 Lecture Notes- Anth 215 (Medical Anthropology) ANTH 215
Popular in Medicalization
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chantellioh on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 215 at University of Washington taught by Dr. Van Eijk in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 78 views. For similar materials see Medicalization in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Washington.
Reviews for Week 2 Lecture Notes- Anth 215 (Medical Anthropology)
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/12/15
Tuesday October 6 2015 Medical Anthropology Notes Week 2 Day 1 Introduction to Medical Anthropology and Global Health VIDEO ONE TRAILER IS INEQUALITY MAKING US SICK Focuses on how social determinants of health cause sickness Factors that impact lives Social economic status different access to education different jobsprofessions Diet you are what you eat diff cultures have diff diets and the body metabolizes food differently What might Med Anthro contribute to this documentary From trailer Documentary doesn t ask a big question of medical anthropology What is the meaning of sickness health healing etc to each person MUST constantly ask the question for success in Med Anthro Question allows two key things holistic approach looking how parts of body connect to the body and how the body connects to the environment intersection of factors Bodies belong to people whose emotions amp psychology impacts decisions Don t take into for granted you cannot never assume the answer to the question Ex US pregnancy 9 months 3 trimesters belief of extensive care during 1st trimester Cameroon pregnancy s length depends on force between mother and child beliefs aren t the same as US not even related WHAT IS MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY people from diff cultures and social groups explaining why how components of sickness how to treat who they turn to and how relates to biology amp psychology Studies what does sick mean who gets sick treatment options how to make decisions about treatments folk illnesses knowing how culture treats diseases DOING ANTHROPOLOGY puts emphasis on culture and social factors being important as biological factors fieldwork contrasts w Iabwork of many sciences Tuesday October 6 2015 What are the 4 subfields of Anthropology Biological Biocultural Anthro Physical Anthro Human Bio relates human bio w culture interactions takes into account actual human bodies Archeology study of culture through physical traces left behind remains foods structures etc traces when related to time periods and other historical artifacts SocioCultural strongest relationship to our studies how social and cultural aspects impact our own organizations and viewpoints Linguistics language communications making meanings Where does Med Anth fit in has aspects in all subfields some say forms its own 5th subgroup Why did it develop as a field of study growing authority of interest in social aspects of health reconstruction during postWWII helping soldiers adjust to war life and back to civilian life need for culturally sensitive care MED ANTH SKELETONS IN THE CLOSET SHAMEFUL HISTORY Distinctions that characterize Contemporary Anthropology Anthrop referred to as primitive vs civilized science nonwestern vs western traditional vs modern has a hierarchy where biomedicine is at top contributes toward orientalism those we study become exotic we forget that we have our own culture we ourselves are exotic For a long time Anthrop distinct btwn us and them lmperialist Western Notions Dominate Discipline we ll learn many things but mostly things from the US we are in a way distancing us and them MED ANTH DEVELOPMENT 1950319603 began developing as own discipline came across diff notions of healing Tuesday October 6 2015 more interests in aspects of nonwestern healing 19603 3rd world countries claimed independence anthro taught methods to improve the health 19703 shift of sicknesshealth idea realization that there s more than one meaning of sickness 19803 added cultural sensitivity emphasized patientdoctor communication focus on biomedicine as culture rather than fact 19903 technology became important to curestudy disease SUMMARY must know 4 subfields of anthro Anthro tainted by colonialimperialistic history maintained culturalsocial biases General Info Pedagogy testing weekly quizzes in beginning of sectionslt reading material focused on reproduction of text must be able to restate what you ve learned from readings 45 questions 15 minutes long lnSection activitieslt links readings to contemporary issues miderms finals basic knowledge contemporary issues Thursday January 8 2015 Medical Anthropology NotesWeek 2 Day 2 Intro to Medical Anthropology and Global Health ANTHROPOLOGICAL DATA Where do Anthropologists get their data from Peer answers internal interviews formal and informal shadowing observations emerging in the culture of subjects focus groups looking each issue and how they relate to whole historical documents diaries case studies medical reports Diaries surveys collaboration w others mgrant Farm Workers studied by good anthropologist bc used most of list above anthro skills knowledge used more than medical skillsknowledge Didn t make assumptions about how and why of behaviors instead individuals themselves were asked Just bc shadowparticipation doesn t mean you willfully understand situation BUT it gives opportunity to ask personal questions How do you get the data longterm fieldwork research in the setting of field work interviews learn language and culture ethnography s studying people and culture using a system represents culture using graphs and reportsstories refers to actual books stories but also to analysis of them Thursday January 8 2015 A SINGLE STORY Dangers of a Single Story Peer answers what are the dangers of a single story single story does not equate to truth bias stereotypes doesn t show how story relates to problem inaccurate representation of a whole Video s answer stereotypes make one story the only story single story not untrue but incomplete robs dignity lacks understanding emphasizes differences rather than similarities reduce individuality to a single characteristic Why Multiple stories are important to Med Anth holistic view requires multiple voices gets us closer to knowing reasons and motives for healthcare decisions allows multiple perspectives Limits to Multiple Stories You will always exclude someone s story hesitancy in part of interviewees esp due to fear or mistrust stereotypes interviewees or interviewers have for the research researched sometimes esp w interviews subjects themselves don t know why they do things w shadowing you may be able to figure it out from the behaviors observed A CASE STUDY WHY ARE SO MANY PEOPLE INFECTED WITH TUBERCULOSIS IN ROMANIA 3 Body Model developed by Nancy ScheperHughes and Margaret Lock in 1987 Individual body literally the physical body small social body bigger than indiv medium Thursday January 8 2015 political body nationstate level big How social and political factors impact indiv in their specific society leading to health opportunities for everyone 3 Body Model TB in Romania indiv body bacterial diseases spread through coughingtalking located in physical body BUT also a social disease social body financial means to pay for meds amount of family support relationships that can cause TB outside responsibilities support of jobs even if physical same social contexts can be diff some w the same disease will live some will die political body economic status of country Romania poorer country investment of GDP in health care system Romania 4 funding from outside sources What does Med Anthropology Contribute global health gt where does Romania itself stand in the influence of TB occurrences study the social and gender relationships how and why it affects different people in different ways promotes practical solutions to intervene w disease success positions people and illness in social context how decision making influenced by experience resource availability affecting decisions